The Sacrament of Penance

  • 102

    One Hundred years since Cyrille Vogel created a list of 12 major sins

    Impurity: adultery, fornication, pederasty, concupiscence, impure language Murder
    Sorcery, magic
    Envies: jealousy, greed, love of vain glory, hatred
    Lies: false witness, perjury, hypocrisy, slander
    Spite: anger, rebellion, argument, perverseness, bad temper, gossips, insults, injustice, deceitfulness. Pride: boastfulness, vanity, arrogance.
    Fickleness and insanity
    Drunkenness and intemperance.[9]
  • 133

    One hundred years since the death of Christ

    One hundred years since the blood of christ was spilled in order to forgive everyone for their sins.
  • 300

    Sacrament of Reconciliation emerges in a recognizable form

    The whole community was involved.
    Penitents confessed their sins to the whole community.
    They were excommuniated for the time they served their penance.
    Penitants had to eat plain foods and were clothes that were 'squalid'
    The asked widows and presbytes to pray for them (because they thought they were the most dedicated to God).
  • 325

    The Council of Nicea.

    They gave the authority to forgive 'grave souls' to the bishops.
    They also withheld penance from those who had "fallen without compulsion"
  • 430

    Death of Augustine

  • 550

    Daily Routine

    Between the fifth and 6th century, Penance was a common part of daily and social life.
  • Aug 14, 600

    Tariff Penance

    Celtic Penitential practises were made up of:
    Acceptance of Satisfication fixed by the priest
    And Reconciliation.
  • Aug 15, 600

    Irish and Anglo-Saxon spread the later known "Monastic" practise of Penance.

    This types of Penance involved:
    Private confession to a spiritual father (or a mother)
    Reception of an appropriate penance witht e goal of restoring the balance of the "moral universe" instead of reconcilliation with the community.
    Private prayer of pardon or blessing after the penance was completed
  • Aug 15, 650

    Council of Chalons-Sur-Saone

    Approved Celtic Monastic practise, but also tried to establish Episcopal control over it.
  • Aug 15, 1215

    Fourth Lateran Council

    Said that all those who reached the age to make their own decisions, shoud recieve penance at least once a year, with communion as well.
    They declared that if a priest broke the seal of confession, then he was sentenced to serve a never ending penance.
    They also made it Cannon law that every Catholic Christian were to go to confession in his parish once a year
    They declared a continous attendance to Penance, not just one.
    They found that it was essential to living the true Christian life.
  • Aug 15, 1439

    Council of Florence

    Stated that the Sacrement of Penance should be:
    1) Contrition of heart including sorrow for committing the sin and resolve not to sin again.
    2) Oral confession of all sins that are remembered.
    3) Satisfaction for sins assigned by the priest ordinarilydoneby prayer, fasting and almsgiving.
  • Aug 15, 1551

    Council of Trent

    Pushed for a non-communal penance, but an individualistic kind.
    Differeniated between what the sacrament required of those who were fathful and what it did not.
    “All mortal sins of which penitents after a diligent self- examination are conscious” had to be confessed “specifically and in particular.”
  • Lamentabili Sane Exitu

    Reaffirms The Gospel of John 20:22-23
    Pope Pius X - qouted John 20:22-23: "Receive the Holy Spirit; whose sins you shall forgive, they are forgiven them; and whose sins you shall retain, they are retained."
  • Catholics, Confession and Holy Communion

    Catholics went to Confession mroe then they went to Holy communion in the first half of the 20th Century.
  • Mediator Dei: On the Sacred liturgy

    Pope Pius X wrote about a confession he underwent in the encyclical, and tittle it “Other Devotions Not Strictly Liturgical Warmly Recommended.
  • The Second Vatican Council

    Produced 16 documents, one of which was "Lumen Gentium"
    It said that penitents must not obly look for penance from the priest but also the church community.
  • Sudden stop in Confession attendance

    Suddenly attendance in confession came to a sudden halt on Saturday afternoons.
  • Human Vitae

    Some Laity found other ways of getting the same experience from confession/
    Theses ways inlciuded:
    Support groups,
    Bible study,
    Spiritual direction,
    Alcoholics Anonymous
    And more.
  • Ordo Paenitentiae - and the new name for Penance.

    Pope Paul VI introduced the new name for the the Sacrament of Penance - The "Sacrament of Reconcilliation"
  • The Seal of Confession

    Was created in 1982. It forbid confessos from sharing knowledge that has been given during a confession, that would 'displease' or reveal the identify of the penitant
  • Reconciliatio et Paenitentia

    Pope John Paul the Second, released the " Reconciliatio et Paenitentia", which cited The Gospel of Mark 1:15.
    Mark 1:15 stated when jesus said "Repent,a nd believe in the Gospel"
  • Misericordia Dei

    This document (Released by Pope John Paul The Second) cited The Gospel of Mathew 26:73. This part of the gospel said that Jesus was born to "save people fro their sins". This document also recorded the teaching of Saint John The Baptist - calling people to repent.
  • Reconcilliation Today.

    Reconciliation now a days is done by the following:
    Two or more need to be gathered together in the name of God - (The Assembly).
    It has to be done by a minister, in the imposition
    And by proclaiming the Word of God.
    "Salvation is therefore and above all redemption from sin, which hinders friendship with God." - a qoute made The Pope from the Epistle to the Romans 8:21.
  • The Revised Rite of Penance

    The Ne Rite of Penance was introduced in America, in the year 1974, on the first Sunday of Lent.
  • Augustine states there are three types of Reconciliation with God

    1) The removal of all sins through the use of Baptism
    2) The daily remission through prayer and fasting of "light and small sins"
    3) The formal one time remision of deadly and serious sins through public penance Augustine also gave permision for elders and ministers the right to perform Penance
  • Thirs Council of Toledo

    The Council tried to maintain the old system of reconciliation and keep the idea that reconciliation could only be recieved once.
    They also rejected the Monastic practise. It meant that fewer christians were practising the sacrament of penance