One Hundred years since Cyrille Vogel created a list of 12 major sinsImpurity: adultery, fornication, pederasty, concupiscence, impure language Murder
Envies: jealousy, greed, love of vain glory, hatred
Lies: false witness, perjury, hypocrisy, slander
Spite: anger, rebellion, argument, perverseness, bad temper, gossips, insults, injustice, deceitfulness. Pride: boastfulness, vanity, arrogance.
Fickleness and insanity
Drunkenness and intemperance.
One hundred years since the death of ChristOne hundred years since the blood of christ was spilled in order to forgive everyone for their sins.
Sacrament of Reconciliation emerges in a recognizable formThe whole community was involved.
Penitents confessed their sins to the whole community.
They were excommuniated for the time they served their penance.
Penitants had to eat plain foods and were clothes that were 'squalid'
The asked widows and presbytes to pray for them (because they thought they were the most dedicated to God).
The Council of Nicea.They gave the authority to forgive 'grave souls' to the bishops.
They also withheld penance from those who had "fallen without compulsion"
Augustine states there are three types of Reconciliation with God1) The removal of all sins through the use of Baptism
2) The daily remission through prayer and fasting of "light and small sins"
3) The formal one time remision of deadly and serious sins through public penance Augustine also gave permision for elders and ministers the right to perform Penance
Death of Augustine
Daily RoutineBetween the fifth and 6th century, Penance was a common part of daily and social life.
Thirs Council of ToledoThe Council tried to maintain the old system of reconciliation and keep the idea that reconciliation could only be recieved once.
They also rejected the Monastic practise. It meant that fewer christians were practising the sacrament of penance
Aug 14, 600
Tariff PenanceCeltic Penitential practises were made up of:
Acceptance of Satisfication fixed by the priest
Aug 15, 600
Irish and Anglo-Saxon spread the later known "Monastic" practise of Penance.This types of Penance involved:
Private confession to a spiritual father (or a mother)
Reception of an appropriate penance witht e goal of restoring the balance of the "moral universe" instead of reconcilliation with the community.
Private prayer of pardon or blessing after the penance was completed
Aug 15, 650
Council of Chalons-Sur-SaoneApproved Celtic Monastic practise, but also tried to establish Episcopal control over it.
Aug 15, 1215
Fourth Lateran CouncilSaid that all those who reached the age to make their own decisions, shoud recieve penance at least once a year, with communion as well.
They declared that if a priest broke the seal of confession, then he was sentenced to serve a never ending penance.
They also made it Cannon law that every Catholic Christian were to go to confession in his parish once a year
They declared a continous attendance to Penance, not just one.
They found that it was essential to living the true Christian life.
Aug 15, 1439
Council of FlorenceStated that the Sacrement of Penance should be:
1) Contrition of heart including sorrow for committing the sin and resolve not to sin again.
2) Oral confession of all sins that are remembered.
3) Satisfaction for sins assigned by the priest ordinarilydoneby prayer, fasting and almsgiving.
Aug 15, 1551
Council of TrentPushed for a non-communal penance, but an individualistic kind.
Differeniated between what the sacrament required of those who were fathful and what it did not.
“All mortal sins of which penitents after a diligent self- examination are conscious” had to be confessed “specifically and in particular.”
Lamentabili Sane ExituReaffirms The Gospel of John 20:22-23
Pope Pius X - qouted John 20:22-23: "Receive the Holy Spirit; whose sins you shall forgive, they are forgiven them; and whose sins you shall retain, they are retained."
Catholics, Confession and Holy CommunionCatholics went to Confession mroe then they went to Holy communion in the first half of the 20th Century.
Mediator Dei: On the Sacred liturgyPope Pius X wrote about a confession he underwent in the encyclical, and tittle it “Other Devotions Not Strictly Liturgical Warmly Recommended.
The Second Vatican CouncilProduced 16 documents, one of which was "Lumen Gentium"
It said that penitents must not obly look for penance from the priest but also the church community.
Sudden stop in Confession attendanceSuddenly attendance in confession came to a sudden halt on Saturday afternoons.
Human VitaeSome Laity found other ways of getting the same experience from confession/
Theses ways inlciuded:
Ordo Paenitentiae - and the new name for Penance.Pope Paul VI introduced the new name for the the Sacrament of Penance - The "Sacrament of Reconcilliation"
The Seal of ConfessionWas created in 1982. It forbid confessos from sharing knowledge that has been given during a confession, that would 'displease' or reveal the identify of the penitant
Reconciliatio et PaenitentiaPope John Paul the Second, released the " Reconciliatio et Paenitentia", which cited The Gospel of Mark 1:15.
Mark 1:15 stated when jesus said "Repent,a nd believe in the Gospel"
Misericordia DeiThis document (Released by Pope John Paul The Second) cited The Gospel of Mathew 26:73. This part of the gospel said that Jesus was born to "save people fro their sins". This document also recorded the teaching of Saint John The Baptist - calling people to repent.
Reconcilliation Today.Reconciliation now a days is done by the following:
Two or more need to be gathered together in the name of God - (The Assembly).
It has to be done by a minister, in the imposition
And by proclaiming the Word of God.
"Salvation is therefore and above all redemption from sin, which hinders friendship with God." - a qoute made The Pope from the Epistle to the Romans 8:21.
The Revised Rite of PenanceThe Ne Rite of Penance was introduced in America, in the year 1974, on the first Sunday of Lent.