Major Events from the Catholic Church (1891-2009)

  • Leo XIII Born

    Leo XIII  Born
    Born in Carpineto Romano, near Rome, he was the sixth of the seven sons of Count Ludovico Pecci and his wife Anna Prosperi Buzzi.
  • Benedict XV Born

    Benedict XV Born
  • Pius XII Born

    Pius XII Born
    Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli was born on 2 March 1876 in Rome into a family of intense Catholic piety with a history of ties to the papacy (the "Black Nobility").
  • Rerum Novarum

    Rerum Novarum
    Rerum Noverum was issued in response to the class conflicts that arose in the wake of industrialism capitalism.
  • Paul VI Born

    Paul VI Born
    Giovanni Battista Enrico Antonio Maria Montini was born in the village of Concesio, in the province of Brescia, Lombardy, Italy, in 1897. His father, Giorgio Montini, was a lawyer, journalist, director of the Catholic Action, and member of the Italian Parliament. His mother, Giudetta Alghisi, was from a family of rural nobility.
  • Leo XIII Death

    Leo XIII Death
    Leo XIII was the first pope to be born in the 19th century and was also the first to die in the 20th century: he lived to the age of 93, dying on 20 July 1903, the longest-lived pope ever (as of 2020). At the time of his death, Leo XIII was the second-longest reigning pope, exceeded only by his immediate predecessor, Pius IX.
  • John Paul II Birth

    John Paul II Birth
    Karol Józef Wojtyła was born in the Polish town of Wadowice. He was the youngest of three children born to Karol Wojtyła (1879–1941), an ethnic Pole, and Emilia Kaczorowska (1884–1929), who was of Lithuanian descent.
  • Benedict XV Death

    Benedict XV Death
    Benedict XV celebrated Mass with the nuns at the Domus Sanctae Marthae in early January 1922 and while he waited for his driver out in the rain he fell ill with the flu which turned into pneumonia.
  • Quadragesimo Anno

    Quadragesimo Anno
    Pius clarifies and updates four issues that Leo had addressed: church authority, private property, just wages, and worker associations.
  • Pius XII Death

    Pius XII Death
    On the last full day of his life, his temperature rose steadily and his breathing became difficult. At 3.52 a.m. on 9 October, he gave a smile, lowered his head and died. The cause of death was recorded as acute heart failure.
  • Mater et Magistra

     Mater et Magistra
    Offered complete social teaching in his synthesis of Christianity and the defense of the earthly interests of the poor.
  • Pacem in Terris

    Pacem in Terris
    The entire encyclical was an affirmation of human rights and duties, appealing to its audience on the grounds of a common humanity.
  • Gaudium et spes

    Gaudium et spes
    In the preface, Pope Paul VI explains that he's writing to address the concerns of the real world—not just theological concerns.
  • Populorum Progressio

    Populorum Progressio
    At the outset, the author explains that it's the duty of the church to not only better understand the problem of poverty and the development of people around the world.
  • Justicia in Mundo

    Justicia in Mundo
    Calling attention to the structural roots of injustice afflicting human relations, the Bishops declare that action in the pursuit of justice, and participation in the transformation of the world
  • Evangelii Nutiandi

    Evangelii Nutiandi
    The condition of the society in which we live oblige us to seek for a new method on how to bring the Gospel message to the modern man.
  • Paul VI Death

    Paul VI Death
    From his bed he participated in Sunday Mass at 18:00. After communion, the pope suffered a massive heart attack, after which he continued to live for three hours. On 6 August 1978 at 21:41 Paul VI died in Castel Gandolfo.
  • Redemptor Hominis

    Redemptor Hominis
    In it, the new Pope traced the major objectives of his pontificate: the effort to draw all men to Christ, ecumenism.
  • Laborem Exercens

    Laborem Exercens
    It is not the role of the Church to scientifically analyze the consequences of these changes on society.
  • The challenge of peace

    The challenge of peace
    "The whole human race faces a moment of supreme crisis in its advance toward maturity"
  • Economic Justice for all

    Economic Justice for all
    Economic Justice for all is a pastoral reflection applying the message of Economic Justice for All to the economy of the ‘90s.
  • Sollicitudo Rei Socialis,

    Sollicitudo Rei Socialis,
    The Pope points out that despite some progress in the two decades since Populorum Progressio’s publication, the gap between developed and developing countries continued to widened in a variety of areas.
  • Centesimus Annus

    Centesimus Annus
    The encyclical Centesimus Annus was written in 1991 by Pope John Paul II on the one hundredth anniversary of Rerum Novarum.
  • Evangelium Vitae

    Evangelium Vitae
    The first of the four chapters examines what the Church has identified as threats to human life.
  • John Paul II Death

    John Paul II Death
    On Saturday, 2 April 2005, at approximately 3:30 pm, John Paul II spoke his final words in Polish, "Pozwólcie mi odejść do domu Ojca" ("Allow me to depart to the house of the Father"), to his aides, and fell into a coma about four hours later.
  • Deus Caritas Est

    Deus Caritas Est
    Pope Benedict XVI wrote the encyclical Deus Caritas Est in 2005 about God’s love for humanity.
  • Caritas in Veritate

    Caritas in Veritate
    It is an incremental addition to the Church’s social teaching with the stated purposes of observing the fortieth anniversary of Pope Paul VI’s great social encyclical, Populorum Progressio.