Christianity splsh

The History of The Christian Church

  • 100

    Jesus' Birth circaa 6CE

    Jesus' Birth circaa 6CE
    Jesus was born circa 6CE in Bethlehem, a small town in Judea. Biblical references: Matt 1:18-25, Luke 2:5-21
  • 100

    Jesus' crucifiction and resurrection

    Jesus' crucifiction and resurrection
    Jesus was crucified on Calvory c 30AD. He rose again 3 days later. Today his crucifiction is celebrated annually and called Good Friday. The resurrection is celebrated on Easter Sunday.
  • 100

    Paul Converted

    Paul Converted
    Paul was converted on the raod to Damascus circa 36CE
  • 100

    Paul's Missionary Journies

    Paul's Missionary Journies
    Paul's mission is depicted here he travelled from circa 45 - circa 58.
  • 100

    Justin Martyr

    Justin Martyr
    100-165CE Justine Martyr was an apologist - onw who wrote in defence of Christianity, He was beheaded after great persecution.
  • 100

    Polycarp

    Polycarp
    69-155CE Polycarp was one of many early Christian Martyrs. He was thrown to the lions but the lions didn't eat him and the crowd demanded that he be burned.
  • Period: 100 to

    Timespan

  • 140

    First canon of Christian scripture.

    First canon of Christian scripture.
    First set of books put together to make the Hebrew bible.
  • 250

    Monasticism

    Monasticism
    Monasticism was started c250 - c350 CE. Early Monastics were perhaps Ascetics who seperated themseves from society. This led to many oher form of manasticism which stretch to the present day including The Benedictines sndThe Fransiscans.
  • 272

    Constantine

    Constantine
    Constantine was the Roman Emperor from 272 - 337.
  • 285

    Rome Splits

    Rome Splits
    In 285CE The Roman Empire splits in two creating a western and eastern Roman Empire.
  • 300

    CHRISTMAS!

    CHRISTMAS!
    circa 300CE Christians start to celebrate Christmas (a marking of the birth of Jesus Christ) although there was no Santa, roast turkey or Christmas cards which all would need a few more centuries to come into being!!!
  • 312

    Battle at Milvian Bridge

    Battle at Milvian Bridge
    Constantine had a dream before this battle telling him to put the Chi Rho on the shields of his soldiers in order to win the battle. He did and he won causing a conversion to Christianity believing that God sent him this sign.
  • 313

    Edict of Milan

    Edict of Milan
    A declaration by Constantine declairing that Christianity and all other religions are tollerated. CHristianity become the state religion of the Roman Empire. The picture here is the Chi Rho, the symbol that Constantine put on this soldiers shields during the battle of Milvian Bridge.
  • 325

    Council of Nicea

    Council of Nicea
    Where the Nicean Creed was written although the modern day version is somewhat expanded.
  • 354

    Augustine of Hippo

    Augustine of Hippo
    Augustine of Hippos wrote his confessions. He spoke of the excommunicated and unbaptised going to hell and that there was no salvation outside the church,
  • 354

    Pelagius

    Pelagius
    Pelagius was a contemporary of Augustine. He asserted the doctrine fo free will and denied original sin and predestination. He argued that if God was loving and just then "whosoever will may be saved". His death details are unknown but likely between 420CE and 440CE.
  • 381

    Council of Constantinople

    Council of Constantinople
    called for by Theodosius to adress the Arian controversy (Arius argued that Jesus had not exsisted for all time) and agree on a global Christology.
  • 431

    Council of Ephasus

    Council of Ephasus
    A council that proclaimed Mary 'The Mother of God'
  • 432

    St Patrick

    St Patrick
    St Patrick returned to Ireland having been in Roman Britatin and being sold as a slave at age 16. 389CE - 461CE
  • 451

    Council of Chalcedon

    Council of Chalcedon
    a meeting in which the person of Christ is defined.
  • 476

    End of the Western Roman Empire

    End of the Western Roman Empire
    Western Roman Empire disolves. The Roman Empire is here shown in red.
  • 563

    Colomba

    Colomba
    Columba crosses the Irish sea to Scotland (563CE) where he set up monestries on Iona and the surrounding islands. This becomes the focus for missionary work in Scotland. (521CE - 597CE)
  • 570

    Muhammad and the start of Islam

    Muhammad and the start of Islam
    570CE - 632CE
    Muhammad was going to become CHristian but was put off by their practices. The God of Islam was the same God that the Jews worshipped and the Christians worshipped although they do not believe in the triune nature of God as Christians do and they refer to God as Allah. Mohammad was the first of the Islamic prophets.
  • 595

    Romans into Britain

    Romans into Britain
    Pope Gregory sends mission to Britatin. Gregory buys Anglo-Saxon slaves to be trained as clerics. Augustine of Canterbury and 40 other monks sent to Britain in 596CE
  • Jan 1, 664

    Synod of Whitby

    Synod of Whitby
    Celtic church and Roman church was discussed and the synod found in favour of Rome. Celtic church begins to dwindle in power.
  • Jan 1, 800

    Book of Kells

    Book of Kells
    c 800CE The book of Kells is a highly decorative book containing the four gospels and othe supplimentary information. It is in Latin and was written in Ireland by Celtic monks.
  • Dec 25, 800

    Charlemagne

    Charlemagne
    Charlemagne crowned emperor of the Holy Roman Empire by Pope Leo. An enlightened ruler but very cruel.
  • Jan 1, 1096

    The Crusades

    The Crusades
    1096CE - 1270CE
    Three main crusaders to stop Islamic growth and restore the church.
    To allow access for pilgrims to the Holy land
    Commercial opportunities also opened up.
    However it damanged the relationship between CHristianity and Iaslam which still reverberates to this day.
  • Oct 29, 1270

    End of the Crusades

    End of the Crusades
    The Crusades end.
  • Jan 1, 1483

    Martin Luther

    Martin Luther
    1483CE - 1546CE
    Martin Luther studied Law became a monk. He saw corruption in Rome.
    In 1515 he was converted and had a new understanding of grace and justification by faith.
  • Jan 1, 1484

    Zwingli

    Zwingli
    1484CE - 1531CE
    Ulrich Zwingli did in Switzerland what Luther did in Germany. He was killed at just 47 years old. He believed in transubstantiation where Luther believed in consubstantiation.
  • Jun 28, 1491

    Henry viii

    Henry viii
    28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547
    Henry was called Defender of the Faith as he oppsed the reformation in Britain. He wanted a Catholic church in England rather than a protestant one.
  • Jan 1, 1509

    John Calvin

    John Calvin
    John Calvin was highly educated. He taught on what God did. In 1536 he wrote 'Institutes of CHristian Religion'.
    He emphasised the church and individual discipline.
    Taught predestination.
  • Jan 1, 1517

    Wittenberg theses

    Wittenberg theses
    In this year Martin Luther wrote his theses inclduing writting agains Indulengies and curruption in the Roman church. He nailed them to the door of the cathedral in Wittenberg. He was sure that the pope would agree with him but he didn't.
  • Apr 19, 1529

    Diet of Speyers

    Diet of Speyers
    THe protestant states were to choose their own church.
  • Oct 29, 1549

    Reformation in England

    Reformation in England
    The book of common prayer was developed by Thomas Cranmer in 1549CE. Clergy were now allowed to marry. Papist bishops were arrested.
  • Pre-Industrial Britain

    Pre-Industrial Britain
    At this time Britain was a 'Green and Pleasant Land' but it was a hard life. The church and manor were the focal points of power and everyone went to church.
  • John Wesley

    John Wesley
    1703CE - 1791CE
    Developed a methocial approach to Christianity.
    Brought hymns into the church.
    Converted in 1738CE when his heart was 'strangely warmed'.
    The founder of the Methodist church.
  • George Whitefield

    George Whitefield
    1714 - 1770CE
    George Whitefield worked with Wesley but was a firm Calvinist - later splkit with Wesley.
    He re-intrducted the doctrine of Hell.
    Attendance at non-conformist churches increases.
    He emphasised personal salvation and holiness.
  • Industrial Revolution

    Industrial Revolution
    The invention of the spinning jenny and in 1785 the introduction of steam power began the tide of the industrial revolution. This led to high unemployment, low wages and child labor increasing.
  • Agricultural Revolution

    Agricultural Revolution
    By this time there was no strip farming any more. Farming was being done on large scale. Farmers no longer worked just for their own use as in the cottage industries but worked for profit.
  • Political Reform Act

    Political Reform Act
    Parlimentary seats were redistributed.
    The vote was given to men who owned or rented property with a yearly rental value of £10 or more, as well as Lords,
  • Poor Law

    Poor Law
    The poor law amendement act tried to aleviate poverty by introducing deterrants. Relief was given in the form of workhouses but they were harsh and people only went there is totally desperate. Therefore social surveys done at the time showed fewer people taking aid but these figures didn't address the thousands living in poverty who were too 'scared' to go into the workhouses.
  • Potato Famine

    Potato Famine
    The potato blight in Ireland brought about the Irish Famine. MIllions die and mass emigration from Ireland increasing the Roman Catholic population of Britain.
  • Evangelical Awakening

    Evangelical Awakening
    Beginning in the USA and crossing the Atlantic in 1858. Revival was witnessed in many parts of the country. The holiness movement was fundimental in this.
  • The Christian Mission

    The Christian Mission
    William Booth founds The Christian Mission in the East Eng of London
  • The Salvation Army

    The Salvation Army
    The Christian Mission after a few intervening name changes becomes The Salvation Army. This church wa set to become an international church with "Heart to God and Hand to Man". Holiness and social justice are still intrinsic to this movement.