Jesus was born circa 6CE in Bethlehem, a small town in Judea. Biblical references: Matt 1:18-25, Luke 2:5-21
Jesus' crucifiction and resurrection
Jesus was crucified on Calvory c 30AD. He rose again 3 days later. Today his crucifiction is celebrated annually and called Good Friday. The resurrection is celebrated on Easter Sunday.
Paul was converted on the raod to Damascus circa 36CE
Paul's Missionary Journies
Paul's mission is depicted here he travelled from circa 45 - circa 58.
100-165CE Justine Martyr was an apologist - onw who wrote in defence of Christianity, He was beheaded after great persecution.
69-155CE Polycarp was one of many early Christian Martyrs. He was thrown to the lions but the lions didn't eat him and the crowd demanded that he be burned.
Period: 100 to
First canon of Christian scripture.
First set of books put together to make the Hebrew bible.
Monasticism was started c250 - c350 CE. Early Monastics were perhaps Ascetics who seperated themseves from society. This led to many oher form of manasticism which stretch to the present day including The Benedictines sndThe Fransiscans.
Constantine was the Roman Emperor from 272 - 337.
circa 300CE Christians start to celebrate Christmas (a marking of the birth of Jesus Christ) although there was no Santa, roast turkey or Christmas cards which all would need a few more centuries to come into being!!!
Battle at Milvian Bridge
Constantine had a dream before this battle telling him to put the Chi Rho on the shields of his soldiers in order to win the battle. He did and he won causing a conversion to Christianity believing that God sent him this sign.
Edict of Milan
A declaration by Constantine declairing that Christianity and all other religions are tollerated. CHristianity become the state religion of the Roman Empire. The picture here is the Chi Rho, the symbol that Constantine put on this soldiers shields during the battle of Milvian Bridge.
Council of Nicea
Where the Nicean Creed was written although the modern day version is somewhat expanded.
Augustine of Hippo
Augustine of Hippos wrote his confessions. He spoke of the excommunicated and unbaptised going to hell and that there was no salvation outside the church,
Pelagius was a contemporary of Augustine. He asserted the doctrine fo free will and denied original sin and predestination. He argued that if God was loving and just then "whosoever will may be saved". His death details are unknown but likely between 420CE and 440CE.
Council of Ephasus
A council that proclaimed Mary 'The Mother of God'
St Patrick returned to Ireland having been in Roman Britatin and being sold as a slave at age 16. 389CE - 461CE
Council of Chalcedon
a meeting in which the person of Christ is defined.
End of the Western Roman Empire
Western Roman Empire disolves. The Roman Empire is here shown in red.
Columba crosses the Irish sea to Scotland (563CE) where he set up monestries on Iona and the surrounding islands. This becomes the focus for missionary work in Scotland. (521CE - 597CE)
Muhammad and the start of Islam
570CE - 632CE
Muhammad was going to become CHristian but was put off by their practices. The God of Islam was the same God that the Jews worshipped and the Christians worshipped although they do not believe in the triune nature of God as Christians do and they refer to God as Allah. Mohammad was the first of the Islamic prophets.
Jan 1, 664
Synod of Whitby
Celtic church and Roman church was discussed and the synod found in favour of Rome. Celtic church begins to dwindle in power.
Jan 1, 1096
1096CE - 1270CE
Three main crusaders to stop Islamic growth and restore the church.
To allow access for pilgrims to the Holy land
Commercial opportunities also opened up.
However it damanged the relationship between CHristianity and Iaslam which still reverberates to this day.
Oct 29, 1270
End of the Crusades
The Crusades end.
Jan 1, 1483
1483CE - 1546CE
Martin Luther studied Law became a monk. He saw corruption in Rome.
In 1515 he was converted and had a new understanding of grace and justification by faith.
Jan 1, 1484
1484CE - 1531CE
Ulrich Zwingli did in Switzerland what Luther did in Germany. He was killed at just 47 years old. He believed in transubstantiation where Luther believed in consubstantiation.
Jun 28, 1491
28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547
Henry was called Defender of the Faith as he oppsed the reformation in Britain. He wanted a Catholic church in England rather than a protestant one.
Jan 1, 1509
John Calvin was highly educated. He taught on what God did. In 1536 he wrote 'Institutes of CHristian Religion'.
He emphasised the church and individual discipline.
Jan 1, 1517
In this year Martin Luther wrote his theses inclduing writting agains Indulengies and curruption in the Roman church. He nailed them to the door of the cathedral in Wittenberg. He was sure that the pope would agree with him but he didn't.
Apr 19, 1529
Diet of Speyers
THe protestant states were to choose their own church.
Oct 29, 1549
Reformation in England
The book of common prayer was developed by Thomas Cranmer in 1549CE. Clergy were now allowed to marry. Papist bishops were arrested.
At this time Britain was a 'Green and Pleasant Land' but it was a hard life.
The church and manor were the focal points of power and everyone went to church.
1703CE - 1791CE
Developed a methocial approach to Christianity.
Brought hymns into the church.
Converted in 1738CE when his heart was 'strangely warmed'.
The founder of the Methodist church.
1714 - 1770CE
George Whitefield worked with Wesley but was a firm Calvinist - later splkit with Wesley.
He re-intrducted the doctrine of Hell.
Attendance at non-conformist churches increases.
He emphasised personal salvation and holiness.
The invention of the spinning jenny and in 1785 the introduction of steam power began the tide of the industrial revolution. This led to high unemployment, low wages and child labor increasing.
By this time there was no strip farming any more. Farming was being done on large scale. Farmers no longer worked just for their own use as in the cottage industries but worked for profit.
Political Reform Act
Parlimentary seats were redistributed.
The vote was given to men who owned or rented property with a yearly rental value of £10 or more, as well as Lords,
The poor law amendement act tried to aleviate poverty by introducing deterrants. Relief was given in the form of workhouses but they were harsh and people only went there is totally desperate. Therefore social surveys done at the time showed fewer people taking aid but these figures didn't address the thousands living in poverty who were too 'scared' to go into the workhouses.
The potato blight in Ireland brought about the Irish Famine. MIllions die and mass emigration from Ireland increasing the Roman Catholic population of Britain.
Beginning in the USA and crossing the Atlantic in 1858. Revival was witnessed in many parts of the country. The holiness movement was fundimental in this.
The Christian Mission
William Booth founds The Christian Mission in the East Eng of London
The Salvation Army
The Christian Mission after a few intervening name changes becomes The Salvation Army. This church wa set to become an international church with "Heart to God and Hand to Man". Holiness and social justice are still intrinsic to this movement.
Council of Constantinople
called for by Theodosius to adress the Arian controversy (Arius argued that Jesus had not exsisted for all time) and agree on a global Christology.
In 285CE The Roman Empire splits in two creating a western and eastern Roman Empire.
Romans into Britain
Pope Gregory sends mission to Britatin. Gregory buys Anglo-Saxon slaves to be trained as clerics. Augustine of Canterbury and 40 other monks sent to Britain in 596CE
Charlemagne crowned emperor of the Holy Roman Empire by Pope Leo. An enlightened ruler but very cruel.
Book of Kells
c 800CE The book of Kells is a highly decorative book containing the four gospels and othe supplimentary information. It is in Latin and was written in Ireland by Celtic monks.