Church History By JordanCarter77 Period: 100 to 313 The Persecuted Church From the Death of St, John to the Edict of Constantine 107 Simeon Martyred The first major church figure martyred during this era. He was the head bishop in Jerusalem. He was crucified. 110 Ignatius Martyred Ignatius was thrown to the wild beasts and worte letter to the church about suffering through persecution 155 Polycarp Martyred Polycarp was burned to death and was the Bishop of Asia minor 166 Justin Martyred He was crucifed and was a philosopher and teacher 202 Leonidas Martyred He was beheaded and was a great theologian 305 Diocletian Abidcates Diocletian abdicates the throne to Constantine 312 Constantine Becomes Emperor He is the first Chritian emperor 313 Edict of Toleration This edict put an end to the persecution of the church and caused the popularization of Christianity Period: 313 to 476 The Imperial Church From th Edict of Constantine to the Fall of Rome 330 Founding of Constantinople Chritianity was recognized as the reliogion of the Christian empire and the capital moved from Rome to the new city Constantinople 337 Barriers of the Western Empire Broken Barbarians from the west began to invade the Roman Empire because the capital was far away 450 Attila the Hun Invades Italy 451 The Huns Defeated at the Battle of Chalons Battle won in Northern France 476 The Fall of Rome The territory had been reduced down to the city of Rome Period: 476 to Jan 1, 1453 The Medieval Church From the Fall of Rome to the Fall of Constantinople Oct 4, 632 Mohammed Dies When Mohammed died Islam was born Oct 4, 732 Battle of Tours The spread of Islam in Western Europe ends when Charles Martel defeated the muslim advance Oct 4, 1054 The Great Schism The Western Latin church and Eastern Greek church split Oct 4, 1095 First Crusade Godfrey of Bouillon took Jerusalem from the Muslims Period: Oct 4, 1095 to Oct 4, 1291 The Crusades The church attempts to deafeat the Muslim advance and take back Jerusalem Oct 4, 1098 Cisterians (Monastic Order) Gave great attention to architecture, art, and writing Oct 4, 1147 Second Crusade They fought off invading muslims and retained Jerusalem Oct 4, 1187 Saladin Takes Jerusalem Oct 4, 1188 Third Crusade The Chirsitans fought Saladin for Jerusalem and lost. However they made a treart allowing safe passge for pilgrims. Oct 4, 1198 Pope Innocent III Takes Papalcy Abuses his power to force states to do the bidding of the church Oct 4, 1201 Fourth Crusade They took Constantinople from the Greeks Oct 4, 1209 Franciscan (Monastic Order) Ministered to those who had the black plague. They were knwon for their love for others, Oct 4, 1215 Dominicans (Monastic Order) Spread faith through preaching and lived off the donation of people Oct 4, 1228 The Sixth Crusade St. Louis attemoted to fight the muslims by way of Egypt Oct 4, 1270 Seventh Crusade St. Louis tried to do it again but died before he began and the Crusade ended. Oct 4, 1377 Popes Power Returns to Rome Whereas before the Pope had power all over Europe, at this point in history the power was reduced to mainly Rome and her followers. Oct 4, 1414 Council of Constance Held to decide the claims between four popes for power. One was chosen to rule Oct 5, 1453 The Fall of Constantinople The city fell to the Ottoman Turks which signaled the end of the Medieval Church period Period: Oct 5, 1453 to Oct 5, 1648 The Reformed Church From the fall of Constantinople to the end of the Thirty Year War Oct 5, 1517 Luther's 95 Theses Luther posted 95 statements against the Catholic church to the door of the cathedral in Wittenburg. This is what jumpstarted the Reformation Oct 5, 1520 Burning of the Papal Bull Luther burned the Papal decree of excommunication from the pope. Oct 5, 1521 The Diet of Worms The Catholic church tried Luther for heresy but ended up letting him go. He did not recant his position. Oct 5, 1522 Translation of NT into German Luther translated the NT into German Oct 5, 1529 Diet of Spires Attempt by the catholic church to reconcile the division. The protestants would not budge and after that time Luthers movement was reffered to as the Protestants Oct 5, 1534 Order of the Jesuits Catholic missionaries aimed to fight against protestantism Oct 5, 1536 Institutes of the Christian Religion Published John Calvin wrote a masterful theological work call the Institutes of the Christian Religion. Oct 5, 1545 Council of Trent A council was formed in another attempt to reconcile the division in the church. They met from 1545-1563. It resulted in conservative reforms for the Catholic church. Period: Oct 5, 1618 to Oct 5, 1648 Thiry Year War Protestants and Catholics went to war and ended with fixed boundaries between them. Period: Jan 1, 1648 to Jan 1, 1980 The Modern Church From the end of the Thirty Year War to the 80's Oct 5, 1654 Puritan Movement The branches of Protestantism came from this. 1. Prebyrterians 2. Congregationalists 3. Baptists Oct 5, 1727 The Great Awakening Jonathan Edwards began to preach against churches being luke-warm in faith Oct 5, 1732 Moravian Missions Initiative Moravian church began the modern missions movement. Oct 5, 1739 Weslyan Movement Jon Wesley gathered precher to spread his doctrine all over England and the American Colonies. Oct 5, 1791 Rationalistic Movement People began to demand a rational and natural interpretation of scripture Oct 5, 1811 American Missions Movement Missionaries were sent out from America to the world. Came out of the Haystack prayer meeting. Oct 5, 1827 Anglo-Saxon Movement Was aimed to restore some of the catholic tradition to the Protestant church. Mar 2, 2022 Hildebrand the Pope in Papalcy Also known as Gregory the Great he used his aithority to influence both religious and state affairs Mar 2, 2022 Charlemagne Crowned as Emperor He was reguarded as the successor of Augustus and Constantine Mar 2, 2022 Benedictines (Monastic Order) Required its monks to be poor and own no posessions. They made great strides in the area of agricultural.