Religion Final Timeline

  • Jesus

  • Paul

    Christian missionary to the Gentiles. Apostle
  • Acts

    New Testament book describing the development of the early Church from Christ's ascension to Paul's journey at Rome
  • Nero

    first Roman emperor to begin persecuting Christians.
  • Marcionites

    heretics who followed Marcion, a scholar who tried to convince the Church to exclude the Old Testament from the Bible
  • Ignatius

    founded the Society of Jesus (the Jesuits), was martyred. (Docetism)
  • Perpetua

    Female Christian martyr who kept a diary while in prison.
  • Justin

    Logos, devine mind/reason, martyr, apologist. "word"
  • Iraneous

    wrote against gnostics
  • Gnosticism

    a heresy from the first Christian centuries that taught that Jesus shared secret information or knowledge with only a few people who were guaranteed Salvation. Gnosticism comes from gnosis, the Greek word for "knowledge." Gnosticism also distrusted material creation, teaching that the human body was evil.
  • Tertulian

    Latin for trinity. He was an apologist, spoke for the Church
  • Origen

    Greek philosopher and theologian who reinterpreted Christian doctrine through the philosophy of Neoplatonism
  • Council of Nicea

    Athenasious, Arius, defenders.
    1 substance.
    This was a council of Christian bishops; the first effort to have a council assembling the Christian faith.
  • Athenasious

    "father of orthodoxy". opposed Arius's teachings. Defended council of Nicea (325)
  • Arius

    preached that Jesus was human but not divine.
    Nicea defender.
  • Constantine

    Roman Emperor (4th century A.D.) who promoted tolerance to all religions in the Roman Empire and legalized Christianity. He was the first Christian emperor. Wrote Edict of Mulan.
  • Edict of Mulan

    it granted religious tolerance throughout the Roman Empire and gave Christians the freedom to worship openly. Written by Constantine
  • Augustine

    Defender of Nicea. Argued against Donatists(believers that the validity of the sacraments depended on the holiness of the priest).
    Wrote "Confessions" and "City of God"
    Bishop of Hippo
    Great Father of Chirstianity
  • Cappadocian Fathers

    The three men (Basil the Great, Gregory of Nyssa, and Gregory of Nazianzus) who made major contributions to the definition of the Trinity. One essence, three persons.
  • Theodocious

    He divides the Roman Empire into two different empires (Roman & Byzantine). He also makes Christianity the only religion you could be
  • Council of Chalcedon

    (451) Reaffirms the Christological definitions of Nicaea and Constantinople, declares Christ to be one Person in two natures, Divine and human
  • Middle Ages

    Early, high, late.
    The historical period from around 500 A.D. up to around 1450 A.D. between the fall of Rome and the birth of the Renaissance
  • Renaissance

    the period of European history at the close of the Middle Ages and the rise of the modern world. 14-16th century.
  • Humanism

    An intellectual movement that focused on human potential and achievements. Rejects religion and supernatural.
  • Reformation

    A 16th century movement for religious reform, leading to the founding of Christian churches that rejected the pope's authority.
    Martin Luther&95 thesis.
    John Calvin
  • Martin Luther

    95 Thesis, posted in 1517(16th century), led to religious reform in Germany, denied papal power and absolutist rule. Claimed there were only 2 sacraments: baptism and communion.
  • John Calvin

    Responsible for founding Calvinism, which was reformed Catholicism. "Institutes of a Christian Religion" He believed God was all knowing and everyone was predestined for heaven or hell.(16th Century)
  • Radical Reformers

    opposed to infant baptism; idea of separation of church and state; first to advocate freedom of religion; believe baptism should be when someone is and adult.
  • Catholic Reformation

    a 16th century movement in which the Roman Catholic Church sought to make changes in response to the Protestant Reformation. (Fix church)
  • Council of Trent

    a meeting of Roman Catholic leaders, called by Pope Paul III to rule on doctrines criticized by the Protestant reformers. 19 years 1545-1563 (16th century)
    7 sacraments.
    Scripture was changed (Vulgate- latin translation of the bible)
  • Modernism

    A cultural movement embracing human empowerment and rejecting traditionalism as outdated. Rationality, industry, and technology were cornerstones of progress and human achievement.
  • Baptists

    A major denomination during the Second Great Awakening, resembles John Calvin's religious ideas.
  • Methodists

    a Protestant denomination founded on the principles of John Wesley and Charles Wesley.
  • Pentecostal

    refers to churches that emphasize possession by the Holy Spirit and speaking in tongues. Fastest growing denomonation.
  • Fundamentalists

    a Protestant religious movement grounded in the belief that all the stories and details in the Bible are literally true.
  • Evangelical

    Members of any Protestant denomination distinguished by four traits: the Bible is without error, salvation comes through belief in Jesus Christ, personal conversion is the only path to salvation, and others must also be converted. They proselytize by engaging with wider society. "Born again" belief.
  • Dispensationalists

    -Premillennialist idea. John Nelson Darby (1830s) -claimed he decoded the bible with the book of Revelation -we live in the 6th dispensation (era of the church) -dispensational premillennialists: believed the world is getting worse, Jesus will return (7th dispensation), there will be a rapture, Christ will reign in 7th dispensation
  • Today