History 110

  • Period: 10,000 BCE to 3500 BCE

    Neolithic Revolution

    The Neolithic Revolution, also called the Agricultural Revolution marked the transition in human history from small, nomadic bands of hunter gatherers to larger, agricultural settlements and early civilization.
  • Period: 2000 BCE to 1500 BCE

    Aryan Ivasion of India

    Particularly the Vedic religion
  • 1900 BCE

    Sumerian Civilization

    What is Sumerian civilization known for?
  • 701 BCE

    The Assyrian siege of Jerusalem

    In 701 BC, the Assyrian emperor Sennacherib besieged the city of Jerusalem.
  • Period: 599 BCE to 100 BCE

    Spartan Oligarchy

    Oligarchy is a form of power structure in which power rests with a small number of people. Sparta was an oligarchy. The state was ruled by two hereditary kings of the Agiad and Eurypontid families,
  • Period: 563 BCE to 483 BCE

    Siddhartha Gautama (the Buddha)

    Buddhism is most predominant in Asia
  • Period: 550 BCE to 330 BCE

    The Persian (Achaemenid) Empire

    The Persians were the first people to establish regular routes of communication between three continents—Africa, Asia and Europe. They built many new roads and developed the world's first postal service
  • Period: 498 BCE to 448

    The Greco-Persian

    Greco-Persian Wars, also called Persian Wars, (492–449 bce), series of wars fought by Greek states and Persia over a period of almost half a century. The fighting was most intense during two invasions that Persia launched against mainland Greece between 490 and 479.
  • Period: 480 BCE to 480 BCE

    The Battle of Thermopylae

    The Persian victory at Thermopylae allowed for Xerxes' passage into southern Greece, which expanded the Persian empire even further.
  • Period: 400 BCE to 461 BCE

    The Celts

    The Celts were a collection of tribes with origins in central Europe that shared a similar language, religious beliefs, traditions and culture. ... Their legacy remains most prominent in Ireland and Great Britain, where traces of their language and culture are still prominent today.
  • Period: 336 BCE to 323 BCE

    Conquests of Alexander the Great

  • Period: 305 BCE to 30 BCE

    Ptolemaic Empire

    It was founded in 305 BC by Ptolemy I Soter, a companion of Alexander the Great, and lasted until the death of Cleopatra VII in 30 BC. ... Ptolemy, a Macedonian who was one of Alexander's most trusted generals and confidants, won control of Egypt from his rivals and declared himself pharaoh.
  • Period: 300 BCE to 900

    Mayan Civilization

    The Mayan civilization was known for their large and unique temples and structures.
  • Period: 221 BCE to 206 BCE

    Qin Dynasty

    The Qin empire is known for its engineering marvels, including a complex system of over 4,000 miles of road and one superhighway, the Straight Road.
  • Period: 202 BCE to 220

    Han Dynasty

    The Han dynasty (206 BCE–220 CE) is known its long reign and its achievements, which included the development of the civil service and government structure.
  • Period: 134 BCE to 44 BCE

    The Crisis of the Roman Republic

    The crisis of the Roman Republic refers to an extended period of political instability and social unrest from about 134 BC to 44 BC that culminated in the demise of the Roman Republic and the advent of the Roman Empire.
  • Period: 130 BCE to 1453

    The Silk Road

    The Silk Road was and is a network of trade routes connecting the East and West; from the 2nd century BCE to the 18th century CE. It was central to the economic, cultural, political, and religious interactions between these regions.
  • Period: 69 BCE to 30 BCE


    Why is Cleopatra famous? While queen of Egypt (51–30 BCE), Cleopatra actively influenced Roman politics at a crucial period and was especially known for her relationships with Julius Caesar and Mark Antony. She came to represent, as did no other woman of antiquity, the prototype of the romantic femme fatale.
  • Period: 63 BCE to 14

    Augustus Caesar

    As Rome's first emperor, Octavian (Augustus Caesar) (63 B.C.–A.D. 14) is best known for initiating the Pax Romana, a largely peaceful period of two centuries in which Rome imposed order on a world long convulsed by conflict.
  • Period: 26 BCE to 476

    The Roman Empire

  • 4 BCE

    Birth of Jesus Christ

  • AD 1

    Traditional Date for the birth of Christ

    BC stands for before christ, and AD stands for Anno Domini
  • 30

    Crucifixion of Jesus

  • Period: 149 to 146 BCE

    The Third Punic War

    Rome and Carthage- Rome won
  • Period: 218 to 202 BCE

    The second punic war

    Carthage and Rome. Rome won
  • Period: 264 to 241 BCE

    The First Punic War

    The war was between Rome and Carthage. Rome stood out.
  • Period: 284 to 305

    The Tetrachy

    Diocletian formed the Tetrarchy as a solution to the unstable succession of Roman emperors in the third century. Originally from Dalmatia (modern Croatia), Diocletian came into full power in 285 CE and ruled the eastern half of the Empire. He established his comrade Maximian as responsible for Italy and the West.
  • 312

    Battle of the Milvian Bridge

    Some scholars allege that his main objective was to gain unanimous approval and submission to his authority from all classes, and therefore chose Christianity to conduct his political propaganda, believing that it was the most appropriate religion that could fit with the Imperial cult (see also Sol Invictus).
  • Period: 320 to 543

    The Gupta Empire

    Gupta had developed advancements in Science, Engineering, art, dialectics, laterature, logic, mathematics, astronomy, religion, and philosophy. The golden age brought more knowledge including architects making amazing temples and structures.
  • Period: 330 to 1453

    The Byzantine Empire

    The Byzantine Empire was the longest-lasting medieval power, and its influence continues today, especially in the religion, art, architecture, and law of many Western states, Eastern and Central Europe, and Russia.
  • Period: 431 to 405

    The Peloponnesian war

    The war was between Athens and Sparta. Sparta won.
  • 476

    The Fall of Rome

    For the fall of Rome, it was the Huns invading from the east that caused the domino effect, they invaded (pushed into) the Goths, who then invaded (pushed into) the Roman Empire. The fall of the Western Roman Empire is a great lesson in cause and effect.
  • Period: 502 to 322 BCE

    Athenian Democracy

    Republic: "A state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives..." Democracy: "A system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives." Male citizens in Athens could vote on all the decisions that affected the city and serve on juries.
  • Period: 510 to 27 BCE

    The roman republic

    Roman law. As well as the constant rivalry between patricians and plebeians, the Republic is also known as a period in which the power of Rome reached the whole peninsula of Italy and Roman law was founded with the Law of the Twelve Tables in 450 BC.
  • Period: 618 to 907

    Tang Dynasty

    The Tang Dynasty is considered a golden age of Chinese arts and culture. In power from 618 to 906 A.D., Tang China attracted an international reputation that spilled out of its cities and, through the practice of Buddhism, spread its culture across much of Asia.
  • Period: 622 to 750

    The Spread of Islam

    Islam spread through military conquest, trade, pilgrimage, and missionaries. Arab Muslim forces conquered vast territories and built imperial structures over time. ... The caliphate—a new Islamic political structure—evolved and became more sophisticated during the Umayyad and Abbasid caliphates.
  • Period: 622 to 1258

    The Islamic Golden Age

    Scientists advanced the fields of algebra, calculus, geometry, chemistry, biology, medicine, and astronomy. Many forms of art flourished during the Islamic Golden Age, including ceramics, metalwork, textiles, illuminated manuscripts, woodwork, and calligraphy.
  • Period: 768 to 899

    The Carolingian Renaissance

    Known as the Carolingian Renaissance, it ended the cultural stagnation of the Dark Age which had marred Europe for centuries and laid the foundation for the rise of the Western civilization.
  • Period: 793 to 1066

    The Viking Age

    The economic model states that the Viking Age was the result of growing urbanism and trade throughout mainland Europe. As the Islamic world grew, so did its trade routes, and the wealth which moved along them was pushed further and further north.
  • Period: 800 to 146 BCE

    Ancient Greece

    The Greeks were known for their sophisticated sculpture and architecture.
  • Period: 801 to 1492

    The Reconquista

    The Reconquista was a period in the history of the Iberian Peninsula of about 781 years between the Umayyad conquest of Hispania in 711, the expansion of the Christian kingdoms throughout Hispania, and the fall of the Nasrid kingdom of Granada in 1492.
  • Period: 814 to 146 BCE

    Ancient Carthage

    They founded settlements throughout the Mediterranean during the first millennium B.C. Carthage, whose Phoenician name was Qart Hadasht (new city), was one of those new settlements.
  • Period: 911 to 609 BCE

    The Neo-Asyrian Empire

  • Period: 960 to 1279

    Song Dynasty

    The Song dynasty is particularly noted for the great artistic achievements that it encouraged and, in part, subsidized. The Bei Song dynasty at Bianjing had begun a renewal of Buddhism and of literature and the arts. The greatest poets and painters in the empire were in attendance at court
  • Period: 1066 to 1066

    The Norman Conquest

    The Norman elite replace that of the Anglo-Saxons and take over the country's lands, the Church was restructured, a new architecture was introduced in the form of motte and bailey castles and Romanesque cathedrals, feudalism became much more widespread.
  • Period: 1100 to 200 BCE

    The Phoenician Golden Age

    They are famed for their commercial and maritime prowess and are recognised as having established harbours, trading posts and settlements throughout the Mediterranean basin.
  • Period: 1200 to 1150 BCE

    Bronze-age collapse

    Is the fall of a complex society to the hands of nature, opposing civilizations or too large of an expansion.
  • Period: 1235 to

    The Mali Empire

    The religion of Islam was an important part of the Mali Empire. However, even though the kings, or Mansas, had converted to Islam, they did not force their subjects to convert. Many people practiced a version of Islam that combined Islamic beliefs with the local traditions.
  • Period: 1325 to 1521

    Aztec Empire

    The Aztecs were famous for their agriculture, cultivating and available land, introducing irrigation, draining swamps and creating artificial islands in the lakes
  • Period: 1346 to 1353

    The Black Death

    It is the most fatal pandemic recorded in human history, causing the death of 75–200 million people in Eurasia and North Africa, peaking in Europe from 1347 to 1351. Bubonic plague is caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis, but it may also cause septicaemic or pneumonic plagues.
  • Period: 1368 to

    Ming Dynasty

    The Ming Dynasty ruled China from 1368 to 1644 A.D., during which China's population would double. Known for its trade expansion to the outside world that established cultural ties with the West, the Ming Dynasty is also remembered for its drama, literature and world-renowned porcelain.
  • Period: 1438 to 1533

    The Inca Empire

    Famed for their unique art and architecture, they constructed finely-built and imposing buildings wherever they conquered, and their spectacular adaptation of natural landscapes with terracing, highways, and mountaintop settlements continues to impress modern visitors at such world famous sites as Machu Picchu.
  • Period: to 1600 BCE

    Old Babylonian Period

    Nebuchadnezzar II is known as the greatest king of the Chaldean dynasty of Babylonia. He conquered Syria and Palestine and made Babylon a splendid city.
  • Period: to 323 BCE

    Ancient Egypt

    The many achievements of the ancient Egyptians include the quarrying, surveying and construction techniques that supported the building of monumental pyramids, temples, and obelisks; a system of mathematics.
  • Period: to 1300 BCE

    Harappan Civilization

    The Indus River Valley Civilization, also known as Harappan civilization, developed the first accurate system of standardized weights and measures