The Medieval World and Beyond Period 6 BowmanE

  • 300

    Classic Mayan Civilization began

  • 300

    Camels were first brought to the Sahara

  • 476

    The Fall of Rome

    The fall of Rome began in about 410 when one of the Germanic tribes attacked and looted Rome itself. In 476 the last emperor in the west was driven from his throne.
  • 500

    The Byzantine Empire Begins

    The Byzantine Empire started as a continuation of the Roman Empire. When Rome fell the Byzantine Empire began.
  • 500

    The Ghana empire began

  • 552

    Buddhism was introduced to Japan

  • Jan 1, 610

    Muhammad became a prophet of Islam

    Muhammad was living in Makkah when he experienced his own call to prophethood. Like Abraham, he proclaimed belief in a single God. At first the faith he taught, Islam, met with resistance in Makkah. But Muhammad and his followers, called Muslims, eventually triumphed.
  • Jan 1, 651

    The first official edition of the Qur’an was written

    In about 651c.e.,Caliph Uthman established an official edition of the Qur' an. He destroyed other versions. The Qur'an used today has not changed since then.
  • Jan 1, 700

    Traders brought Islam to West Africa

  • Jan 1, 710

    Nara became the capital of Japan

  • Jan 1, 720

    The Seventeen Article Constitution began

  • Jan 1, 750

    Bookmaking began to spread the Qur’an

    Books become a big buisiness in the Muslim world. In Banghdad, more than 100 bookshops lined Papersellers' street. In those bookstores there were copies of the Qur'an.
  • Jan 1, 1000

    Feudalism Begins

    By the high middle ages, Europeans had developed a system of feudalism. A feudal system provided people with protection and safety, by establishing a stable social order.
  • Jan 1, 1000

    The Tale of Genji, the first novel, was written

  • Jan 1, 1050

    Moveable type was invented in China

  • Jan 1, 1054

    Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Churches split.

    The Matters between the east and west came to a head in 1054. The patriarch of Constantinople wanted to reassert Byzantine control of the church. He close all churches that worshiped with western rites. Pope Leo was Furious. Despite future attempts to heal the division, the Eastern Orthodox church and the Roman Ctholic church were now split.
  • Jan 1, 1065

    Song Dynasty began civil service exams

  • Jan 1, 1085

    The Reconquista began with Toledo

    The Umayyads established a Muslim Dynasty in Spain in the eighth century. A unique culture flourished in cities like Cordoba and Toledo, where Muslims, Jews and Christians lived together in Peace.
  • Jan 1, 1096

    The first Crusade began

    Four nobles led the First Crusade. Close to 30,000 crusaders faught their way through Anatolia and headed south toward Palestine.
  • Jan 1, 1146

    The second Crusade begins

    The Second Crusade (1145–1149) was the second major crusade launched from Europe. The Second Crusade was started in response to the fall of the County of Edessa.
  • Jan 1, 1185

    The Heian period ended

  • Jan 1, 1189

    The Third Crusade began

    Over the next few decades, Muslims in the Middle east increasingly cam came under common leadership. By the 1180s, the great sultan Salah al-Din united Egypt, Syria, and lands to the east. He led a renewed fight against the crusaders in the Holy Land.
  • Jan 1, 1192

    The era of the samurai began

  • Jan 1, 1192

    The first shogun came to power

  • Jan 1, 1200

    The Incas first settled in Cuzco

  • Jan 1, 1203

    The Ghana empire ended

  • Jun 1, 1215

    Signing of the Magna Carta

    Angry Barons forced a meeting with King John in a meadow called Runny Mede beside the river Thames. There they insisted that John put a seal to the Magna Carta, or "Great Charter". The charter was an agreement between the Barons and the King. The Barons agreed that the king could continue to rule. For his part King John agreed to observe the common law and the traditional rights of Barons and the church.
  • Jan 1, 1240

    The Mali empire began

  • Jan 1, 1250

    Aztecs arrived in the Valley of Mexico

  • Jan 1, 1258

    The Mongols destroyed Baghdad

    By the mid 1200s, Muslims faced a greater threat than European crusaders-the Mongols. The Mongols were a nomadic people whose homeland was to the north of China. The Mongols swept across central Asia, destroying cities and farmland. Hundreds of thousands of Muslims were slaughtered. Many were carried off to Mongolia as slaves.
  • Jan 1, 1279

    The Mongols Dynasty began

  • Jan 1, 1300

    The Mongol empire was weakened

    The mongol Empire was one of the largest the world had ever seen. It suffered, however, from fighting among rivals. By the mid 1300s, the empire was badly weakened.
  • Jan 1, 1300

    Humanism began in Italy

  • Jan 1, 1300

    The renaisance began in Italy

  • Jan 1, 1312

    Mansa Musa was the first Islamic leader

  • Jan 1, 1325

    Aztecs started building Tenochtitlan

  • Jan 1, 1337

    The Hundred Years’ War begins

    England and France fought a series of wars over the control of land in France. This was known as the Hundred Year's War. This long conflict helped to weaken feudalism in England and France. English kings had long claimed lands in France as their own fief. When Philip VI of France declared that the French fiefs of English King Edward III were part of his own realm, war broke out in France.
  • Jan 1, 1347

    The Bubonic Plague begins in Europe

    The Bubonic Plague lasted for a very large amount of time and killed off an estamate of 24 million Europeans at the time. The large amount of deaths changed the economic and social structure of Europe.
  • Jan 1, 1350

    Timbuktu became a center of Arabic learning

  • Jan 1, 1368

    The Ming Dynasty began

  • Jan 1, 1368

    The Mongols Dynasty ended

  • Jan 1, 1400

    The Inquisition took place

    Many Jews and Muslims remained in areas ruled by Christians. In the late 1400s, Queen Isabella and King Feerdinand wated to unite Spain as a Catholic country. The used the Inquisition, a church court, against Muslims and Jews who had converted to Christianity.
  • Jan 1, 1400

    The Incas first settled in Cuzco

  • Jan 1, 1400

    Aztecs arrived in the Valley of Mexico

  • Jan 1, 1405

    Zheng He made his first voyage

  • Jan 1, 1438

    The Incas began to create roads

  • Jan 1, 1450

    Johannes Gutenberg invented the printing press

  • Jan 1, 1453

    The end of the Byzantine Empire

    Over time Byzantine Emperors and church officials came into conflict with the pope in Rome. Eventually the conflict got out of hand and the empire fell.
  • Jan 1, 1453

    The Hundred Years’ War ends

    The French slowly chipped away at the territory England had won in the early years of the war. In 1415, after a long truce, King Henry V invaded France. This time the English met with stronger resistance. This time the French were using more modern tactics. In 1429, Joan lead a French army to victory in the battle of Orleans. The Hundred Years War contributed to the decline of feudalism by helping to shift power from feudal lords to monarchs.
  • Jan 1, 1460

    The Songhai empire began

  • Jan 1, 1469

    The Medici family began to rule Florence

  • Jan 1, 1488

    Bartolomeu Dias began to sail around the tip of Aftica

  • Jan 1, 1492

    The spanish conquered Granada

    Isabella and Ferdinand also sent armies against Granada. In 1492 the city fell, and Muslims lost their last stronghold in Spain.
  • Jan 1, 1492

    Isabella sent Christopher Columbus to find a sea route to Asia

  • Jan 1, 1497

    John Cabot landed in Canada

  • Jan 1, 1497

    Vasco da Gama began to sail to India

  • Jan 1, 1500

    Post-Classic Mayan Civilization ended

  • Jan 1, 1500

    Pedro Cabral began to sail to Brazil

  • Jan 1, 1504

    Michelangelo completed his statue of David

  • Jan 1, 1514

    Copernicus stated that the earth revolves around the sun

  • Jan 1, 1517

    Martin Luther posted his Ninety-five Theses

  • Jan 1, 1519

    Ferdinand Magellan began to sail around the World

  • Jan 1, 1519

    Hernan Cortes destroyed the Aztecs

  • Jan 1, 1521

    The Aztec Empire ended

  • Jan 1, 1524

    Giovanni da Verrazano landed in North America

  • Jan 1, 1525

    William Tyndale translated the Bible into English

  • Jan 1, 1532

    Francisco Pizarro destroyed the Incas

  • Jan 1, 1534

    King Henry VIII created Anglicanism

  • Jan 1, 1535

    The Inca Empire ended

  • Jan 1, 1541

    John Calvin created Calvinism

  • Jan 1, 1543

    Copernicus stated his theory of the heliocentric universe

  • Jan 1, 1545

    The Council of Trent was formed

  • The microscope was invented

  • The Songhai empire ended

  • Henry Hudson began to try to find the Northwest Passage

  • Galileo decided to build a telescope

  • The Mali empire ended

  • The Thirty Years' War began

  • The Ming Dynasty ended

  • The Thirty Years' war ended

  • Peace of Westphalia was signed

  • Newton published a book about gravity

  • The era of the samurai ended

  • Charlemagne’s Christian Empire begins

    One powerful group during this time was the Franks. The most important leader of the Franks was Charlemagne. He ruled for over 40 years. He was always stately and dignified. He encouraged education and scholarship making his court a center of culture. Most importantly he unified nearly all the Christian lands of Europe into a single empire. He built his empire with the help of a Pope, Leo III.
  • The Tang Dynasty Began

  • The Tang Dynasty ended

  • Buddhism religion expanded in the Tang Dynasty

  • Heian-kyo became the capital of Japan

  • The japanese invented Kana

  • Prince Shotoku came to power

  • Tang Dynasty recorded a formula for gunpowder

  • The Heian period began