20080512 historyalive

Unit 1-Europe During Medival Times Period 2 HsuA

  • 300

    Camels were first brought to the Sahara

  • 300

    Classic Mayan civilization began

  • 476

    The Fall of Rome

    Rome had several problems in its empire before it fell and all these problems had a hand in destroying Rome. Rome had never learned to transfer power peacefully from one ruler to the next and the emperors that were chosen weren't always the best prepared to become emperor. Citizens also had to pay heavy taxes, forcing many people into poverty. Finally, the borders of Rome were hard to defend because the empire was so large. These problems eventually led to the fall of Rome
  • 500

    The Ghana Empire Began

  • 500

    The Byzantine Empire Began

  • 552

    Buddhism was introduced to Japan

  • Jan 1, 604

    The Seventeen Article Constitution began

  • Jan 1, 610

    Muhammed became a prophet of Islam

  • Jan 1, 651

    The first official edition of the Qur'an was written

  • Jan 1, 700

    Traders bring Islam to West Africa

  • Jan 1, 710

    Nara became the capitol of Japan

  • Jan 1, 750

    Bookmaking began to spread the Qur'an

  • Jan 1, 1000

    Feudalism Begins

    Feudalism is established in Europe where all the land in a kingdom belonged to a king or queen, who gave grants of land to lords, who became the monarch's vessels. Then lords enlisted lesser lords and knights as his vassals, and these lords also rented land out to peasents who farmed that land and serfs, who weren't allowed to leave the lord's land.
  • Jan 1, 1000

    The Tale of Genji, the first novel, was written

  • Jan 1, 1050

    Moveable type was invented in China

  • Jan 1, 1054

    Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Churches Split

    Cerularius, the patriarch of Constantinople, wanted to reassert Byzantine control of the church so he closed all churches that worshipped with western rites. Pope Leo XI was so mad that he sent Cardinal Humbert to Constantinople, who marched up the altar of Hagia Sophia and laid down a proclamation by the pope excommunicating Cerularius, who responded by excommunicating the cardinal.
  • Jan 1, 1054

    Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches split

  • Jan 1, 1065

    Song Dynasty began civil service exams

  • Jan 1, 1085

    The Reconquista began with Toledo

  • Jan 1, 1096

    The First Crusade began

  • Jan 1, 1146

    The Second Crusade began

  • Jan 1, 1185

    The Heian period ended

  • Jan 1, 1189

    The Third Crusade began

  • Jan 1, 1192

    The first shogun came to power

  • Jan 1, 1192

    The era of the samurai began

  • Jan 1, 1200

    The Incas first settled in Cuzco

  • Jan 1, 1203

    The Ghana empire ended

  • Jun 1, 1215

    The Signing of the Magna Carta

    King John put his seal to the Magna Carta, an agreement between the barons and the king that King John agreed to observe common law, the traditional rights of barons, and the church. He also promised to consult the barons and church officials before imposing special taxes, as well as agreeing that "no free man" could be jailed except by the lawful judgement of his peers or by the law of the land.
  • Jan 1, 1240

    The Mali empire ended

  • Jan 1, 1250

    Aztecs arrived in the Valley of Mexico

  • Jan 1, 1258

    The Mongols destroyed Baghdad

  • Jan 1, 1279

    The Mongol Dynasty began

  • Jan 1, 1300

    The Mongol Empire was weakened

  • Jan 1, 1300

    Humanism began in Italy

  • Jan 1, 1300

    The Renaissance began in Italy

  • Jan 1, 1312

    Mansa Musa was the first Islamic leader

  • Jan 1, 1312

    Mansa Musa was the first Islamic leader

  • Jan 1, 1325

    Aztecs started building Tenochitlan

  • Jan 1, 1337

    The Hundred Years' War Begins

    The Hundred Years' War began when English kings claimed French lands as their own, but the French believed those lands to be theirs, so war broke out. The English had early successes because they used the longbow, a weapon that was long range and took less time to reload and fire, whereas the French used crossbows that were short range and took a long time to load and fire. This made the difference in the win at the Battle of Crecy.
  • Jan 1, 1347

    The Bubonic Plague Begins in Europe

    The Bubonic Plague, or Black Death, struck Europe in the year 1347 and continued to spread and kill people until 1351. Symptons include fever, vomitting, coughing and sneezing fits, egg sized swellings or bumps, and blue or black blotches that appeared on the skin of many victims. People blamed everything, from foul air to the position of the stars to even Jews. One third of the population of Europe was killed so the rest demanded higher pay and serfs left for better job opportunities.
  • Jan 1, 1350

    Timbuktu became a center of Arabic learning

  • Jan 1, 1350

    Timbuktu became a center of Arabic learning

  • Jan 1, 1368

    The Mongol Dynasty ended

  • Jan 1, 1368

    The MIng Dynasty began

  • Jan 1, 1400

    The Inquisition took place

  • Jan 1, 1405

    Zheng He made his first voyage

  • Jan 1, 1438

    The Incas begin to create roads

  • Jan 1, 1450

    Johannes Gutenberg invented the printing press

  • Jan 1, 1453

    The Hundred Years' War Ends

    The Hundred Years' War ended, but not before a 17 year old peasant girl named Joan led the French to victory at the Battle of Orleans, earning her the nickname of the "Maid of Orleans", and she inspired a new feeling of nationalism in France. However, she was burned at the stake by the English in 1430, but 22 years after her death, the French drove the English out of France for good. 500 years later the church made her a saint.
  • Jan 1, 1453

    The Byzantine Empire ended

  • Jan 1, 1460

    The Songhai empier began

  • May 1, 1469

    The Medici family began to rule Florence

  • Jan 1, 1488

    Bartolomeu Dias began to sail around the tip of Africa

  • Jan 1, 1492

    The Spanish conquered Granada

  • Jan 1, 1492

    Isabella sent Christopher Columbus to find a sea route to Asia

  • Jan 1, 1497

    Vasco da Gama began to sail to India

  • Jan 1, 1497

    John Cabot landed in Canada

  • Jan 1, 1500

    Post-Classic Mayan civilization ended

  • Jan 1, 1500

    Pedro Cabral began to sail to Brazil

  • Jan 1, 1500

    The microscope was invented

  • Jan 1, 1504

    Michelangelo completed his statue of David

  • Jan 1, 1514

    Copernicus stated that the earth revolves around the sun

  • Jan 1, 1517

    Martin Luther posted his Ninety-Five Theses

  • Jan 1, 1519

    The Aztec empire ended

  • Jan 1, 1519

    Ferdinand Magellan began to sail around the world

  • Jan 1, 1521

    Hernando Cortes destroyed the Aztecs

  • Jan 1, 1524

    Giovanni da Verrazano landed in North America

  • Jan 1, 1525

    William Tyndale translated the Bible into English

  • Jan 1, 1532

    The Inca empire ended

  • Jan 1, 1532

    Francisco Pizarro destroyed the Incas

  • Jan 1, 1534

    King Henry VIII created Anglicanism

  • Jan 1, 1541

    John Calvin created Calvinism

  • Jan 1, 1543

    Copernicus stated his theory of the heliocentric universe

  • Jan 1, 1545

    The Council of Trent was formed

  • The Songhai empire ended

  • Henry Hudson began to try to find the Northwest Passage

  • Galileo decided to build a telescope

  • The Mali empire ended

  • The Ming Dynasty ended

  • The Thirty Year's War ended

  • Peace of Westphalia was signed

  • Newton published a book about gravity

  • The era of the samurai ended

  • Charlemagne's Christian Empire

    Charlemagne united nearly all the Christian lands of Europe into one unified empire. Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne Holy Roman emperor in 800 C.E., and in return Charlemagne would support Leo III with his army.
  • Heian-kyo became the capitol of Japan

  • Buddhism expands in the Tang Dynasty

  • Prince Shotoku came into power

  • The Tang recorded a formula for gunpowder

  • The Tang Dynasty Began

  • The Heian period began