1613480 orig

The French Revolution

By clew3
  • A Marriage

    A Marriage
    Prince Dauphin, later to become King Louis XVI, marries Mary Antoinette of Austria.
  • Period: to

    The French Revolution timeline

  • Ascension to the Throne

    Ascension to the Throne
    King Louis XVI is crowned king at a young age of 19 a month after his father's death (King Louis XV).
  • Favorite Finance Minister Fired

    Favorite Finance Minister Fired
    Popular finance minister Jacques Necker is fired by the Queen (Marie Antoinette). The Queen was known for dismissing people that she disliked, for example, their appearances.
  • Finance Problems Arise

    Finance Problems Arise
    The Assembly of Notables is assembled to discuss France's financial situation. (France was deep in debt) Charles de Calonne (the new Finance Minister) meets and is opposed by the Assembly regarding tax reforms. Calonne believed it would help solve the debt problem. The Assembly believed it would take more money out of their pockets instead.
  • Charles de Calonne Dismissed

    Charles de Calonne Dismissed
    Calonne is dismissed by King Louis XVI, and he withdrew to England four months later.
  • Necker is back again

    Necker is back again
    Finance Minister Etienne Brienne (the successor of Calonne) is fired, and Necker is re-hired as Finance Minister once again.
  • The New Voting Order

    The New Voting Order
    The Estates General commences: voting will be done by authority, not by majority.
  • The National Assembly

    The National Assembly
    The Third Estate, made of the common people, declare themselves as the National Assembly.
  • Meeting at the Tennis Courts

    Meeting at the Tennis Courts
    When the National Assembly is locked out of their usual meeting place by the King, they instead meet at a tennis court, and there they take the Tennis Court Oath. The Oath was to "not separate, and to reassemble wherever circumstances require, until the constitution of the kingdom is established"
  • The Fall of Bastille

    The Fall of Bastille
    The mob attacked the royal prison and fortress, 'the Bastille'. The King's guards and troops that were guarding the fortress were sent to disperse the mod, but failed, and were brutally massacred. The important political prisoners that were held there were then set free. Later, citizens formed a new army, called 'the National Guard'.
  • The Beginning of the National Assembly's Rise

    The Beginning of the National Assembly's Rise
    The National Assembly abolishes all feudal rights, ending serf dom, and declares that all people are equal under law.
  • The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen

    The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen
    The National Assembly passes the Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen, meaning that people (including the commoners) now have rights that the law cannot overlook, and it limits the power of the government, as well.
  • Flight to Varennes

    Flight to Varennes
    The royal family attempts to escape and flee to Montmedy, a fortress near Austria. However, they were captured in Varennes, and sent back to Paris.
  • The Legislative Assembly

    The Legislative Assembly
    The National Guard dissolves, and their power is tranferred over to the newly formed Legislative Assembly, and they meet the next day.
  • Food Shortages

    Food Shortages
    People riot due to food shortages throughout France. (Exact date is not given, due to it being a short time-span)
  • War on Austria

    War on Austria
    The Legislative Assembly declares war on Austria.
  • Storming of the Palace

    Storming of the Palace
    The Tuileries Palace is stormed by Parisians (Jacobins); King Louis XVI is imprisoned by the Legislative Assembly.
  • Massacre of the Royalists

    Massacre of the Royalists
    In the first week of September 2, the royalists (people who were still loyal to the king) were massacred.
  • The National Convention

    The National Convention
    The Legislative Assembly dissolves, and transfers their power over to the newly created National Convention.
  • The Voting

    The Voting
    The National Convention votes to abolish monarchy once and for all in France. They also choose a new calendar system, relying on a 10 month years.
  • Louis Capet on Trial

    Louis Capet on Trial
    King Louis XVI is put on trial, and instead of being called Louis XVI, he is instead referred as Louis Capet, symbolizing the end of monarchy.
  • The End of Louis XVI

    The End of Louis XVI
    King Louis XVI (Louis Capet) is executed by guillotine.
  • John-Paul Marat Assassinated

    John-Paul Marat Assassinated
    John-Paul Marat is assassinated by commoner Charlotte Corday, with a knife wound to his torso.
  • The Start of the Reign of Terror

    The Start of the Reign of Terror
    The Reign of Terror is commenced by Robespierre during this time.
  • The Death of the Last Queen of France

    The Death of the Last Queen of France
    Mary Antoinette of Austria is executed by decapitation on the guillotine.
  • The Flag of France

    The Flag of France
    The modern flag of France is introduced. The colors of the flag were blue, red, and white placed side to side in that order. The red, white and blue represents liberty, equality and fraternity, which were the ideals of the French Revolution.
  • Georges Danton Executed

    Georges Danton Executed
    Georges Danton and his followers were exectued.
  • The End of the Reign of Terror and Robespierre

    The End of the Reign of Terror and Robespierre
    Maximillian Robespierre and others were executed without trial, thus ending the Reign of Terror. Aproximately 37,000 people were excuted on the "national razor". For the remainder of the year, things begin to quell and there are less deaths.
  • A New Government System

    A New Government System
    The French Constitution of 1795 was created, establishing a Directory government.
  • Coup D'etat

    Coup D'etat
    The remaining royalists attempt a coup d'etat, with Napoleon preventing it, making his name known. A coup d'etat is an attempt to take over the government by a small group of people, usually with violence.
  • The National Convention Dissolves

    The National Convention Dissolves
    The National Convention dissolves in favor of a dictatorship within the Directory.
  • A New Ruler

    A New Ruler
    Napoleon Bonaparte is consecrated and deemed Emperor over France. Note that he is not king, but rather emperor, or ruler.