The french revolution

The French Revolution

  • Period: to

    The french revolution

    The French Revolution was a period of violent political and social change, which saw the abolitions of the absolute monarchy and the end of the estates system of the Ancien Régime. The French Revolution began in 1789 and is considered to be the first European bourgeois revolution
  • National Assembly

    The Third Estate wanted a new voting system, consisted that each representative would vote individually. The king refused that system.
    The king locked the National Assembly, so they met at a tennis court nearby, the Third Estate said that they wouldn't leave the tennis court until France had a constitution. They also wrote the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen.
  • The Constituent assembly

    The king allowed what the Third Estate's demands. The Constituent Assembly formed a constitution. This was good for the bourgeoisie because the monarchy wasn't absolute.
  • Storming of the Bastille

    News that troops were being sent to Versailles led to a riot in Paris on 14 July 1789, in which people attack Bastille this was where political prisoners were kept. For this revolts, the Constituent Assembly abolished feudal privileges, the tithes paid by the peasantry to the clergy and they established the equality in the payment of taxes
  • Civil Constitution of the Clergy

    The clergy had to be paid by the state and would be elected by the people
  • Approved the constitution

    The constitution established
    · A constitutional monarchy
    · Limited male suffrage- only man with a certain amount of property could vote
    · Separation of the powers
    - Monarch - executive power
    - Assembly - legislative power
    - Courts - judicial power
  • Legislative Assembly

    · After the Constitution, there were elections of the new Legislative Assembly.
    · Two main political groups
    - Girondins - wealthy bourgeoisie
    - Jacobins - petite bourgeoisie
  • Tuileries Palace and the republic

    The people of Paris revolted and attacked the Tuileries Palace due to the France's defeats at the hands of the Luis XVI's reclutance and the European armies to accept the revolutionary changes.
    · Result of that attack:
    - Louis XVI was imprisoned
    - Monarchy was abolished
    - France became a republic
  • The Convention and the execution of Louis XVI

    · Most radical phase
    · New assembly called Convention was choose it with universal manhood suffrage.
    · The convention agreed to the execution of Louis XVI (for treason and he was beheaded by guillotine).
    · The Jacobins took the control and imposed a dictatorship (the Terror). This political group was led by Robespierre
  • French Revolution had ended

    In 1804 Napoleon had absolute power and the French Revolution had ended
  • The Directory and the Consulate

    In October 1975 there was a new constitution.
    - Re-established limited male suffrage
    - New form of government called the Directory (more conservative) In 1799 General Napoleon Bonaparte organised a military coup. He aimed to restore peace at home and abroad.
    Napoleon established a new form of government (Consulate) In 1802 Napoleon was named First Consul for live.