Standard MWH-1.2: The Crusades

  • Nov 1, 1095

    Call for a Crusade

    Pope Urban II issues a call to arms for the Christians to re-take the Holy Land from Muslim control and aid the Byzantines.
  • Period: Aug 1, 1096 to Jul 15, 1099

    First Crusade

  • Sep 1, 1096

    Massacre of the Jews

    Crusaders were led by the infamous Count Emicho in a slaughter of Jews. This led to a major conflict between the Jews and the Christians.
  • May 20, 1097

    Attack on Nicea

    The capital of Anatolia was taken by the Christians and their Byzantine allies in a display of dominance.
  • Jun 1, 1098

    Victory at Antioch

    Even with deteriorating alliances between the Christians and Byzantines, their forces were able to achieve victory at the Syrian city of Antioch, a major victory for the Crusaders.
  • Jun 1, 1099

    Seige of Jerusalem begins

    Having arrived at their prize, the Crusaders begin to lay seige to the holy city. While there, the crusaders murdered Jew, Muslims, and even other Christians.
  • Period: Jun 1, 1099 to Jul 15, 1099

    Seige of Jerusalem

    The seige by the Crusaders of the holy city of Jerusalem was a success, leading to the final victory of the First Crusade.
  • Jul 15, 1099

    End of the First Crusade

    Crusaders force the governor of Jerusalem to surrender the city to Christian control.