Christopher colombus set sail for spain as he crossed the Atlantic ocean. He ended up in the Caribbean thinking that he have reached india. Colombus "discovered" the americas, yet it was already inhabited with first nations. Colombus's maps and experience have led many other sailers and discoverys.
Jun 12, 1497
Cabot sets sail in 1497 with a msall ship, the matthew, and 18 other crew members. Following his planned route, he sails past greenland and ends up on the shore of a new island. Cabot claimes the "New Found Land" for England.
Period: Jun 10, 1500 to
social studies 9
Jun 12, 1541
Jacques Cartier final voyage
Cartier was sent back to Canda in 1541. With his ship full of "diamonds and gold" he met Roberval ( a nobelman ) on the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Catier left Roberval and returned to france leaving Roberval in the winter and having 50 of his men die adn abandoned the attempt at colonization.
PIerre Du Gua de Monts was appointed to set up a trading post in North America by King Henry IV. In return for establishing a colony, the king gave him a monopoly in the fur trade. He decided that no other french buisnesses were allowed to trade with the First Nations.
Over 60 colonist travelled to the coast of Nova scotia to build a small post. At the post, it was champlains job to search for a larger place for a settlement, adn map everything he saw. Over th enext few years the expanded the post by adding buildings and planting crops. The post was discontinued in 1613 due to poor weather no supply of fur. This was the starting point for fur trades.
Samuel de Champlain Quebec City
Champlain began his voyage in 1603 to North america under the guidance of François Gravé Du Pont. Champlain contributed to the exploration of Flordia and port royal in 1605. Then in 1608, he established quebec city. Champlain was the first european to experience the Great lakes. He mapped his journey and made connections with the natives.
Charles against parliment
The english parliment put a limit on charles's power adn to raise taxes. Doing o puts charles against the english parliament.
Battle of Naseby
Charle's army goes against Oliver Cromwell in teh Battle of naseby. It ends in Olivers victory therefor Charles is forced to flee.
King charles execution
KIng charles I, the monarch of three kingdoms, was executed in 1649.He was also charged with high treason.
Hudsons bay company
The Hudsons Bay Company, created by King Charles II, became a large competition with the fur trade in New France. This company had a major impact of the fur trading industry. The hudsons bay company established six posts between 1668 and 1717.
New king and queen
After james the second was removed from the thrown, Mary and william are the new king and queen due to the bill of rights. This date marks the start of the glorious revolution.
Bill of Rights
( definition : the first ten amendments to the US Constitution, ratified in 1791 and guaranteeing such rights as the freedoms of speech, assembly, and worship. ) KIng William and Queen Mary sign the bill of rights.
Boston Tea party
116 people dressed as mohawks borded the British ships adn destryed a large amount of tea by throwing it into the harbour. They did this to show the british they were against them.
Battle of lexington green
On lexington green the british and american forces were lined up facing one another. An american fired first which was known as the "shot heard aroung the world." This battle was the spark of the american revolution.
Decloration of independance
The decoration of indeopendance gave the thirteen colonies their independance as they were no longer party of the british empire. E ventually they formed a new antion known as the United States.
War of saratoga
This war was fought between the american forces and the british. It ended with the american forces victory due to the British surrender.
Signing of the treaty of paris
This treaty was signed in paris, formally ending the american revolution.
Storming of bastille
In 1789 an angry crowd attacked the bastille prision because it was a symbol of the King's absolut power. Thsi event sparked the French revolution and promoted the National Assembly to gain power.
Mrch on Versallies
Th weak and unemployed people marched to the palace of versallies to make the royal nobility aware of their situaton. They demanded them for bread and fro teh royal familys to 'live amoung the people."
War (france and austrailia)
The french wanted war with their neighbouring country austraiia because they thought australians would overthrow the government. The revolutionairys wanted the war because they thought it would unify the nations. France declared war upon australia.
Reign of terror
(unil 1794) The National Convention excicuted people that were against the revolution to protect the virtue. This led to about 16,000 people being executed.
Rise of Napoleon
After the National Convention was involved in corruption adn financial problems, napoleon establishes himself as the First Consul.