Secondary 4 History Timeline

  • Jan 1, 1500

    Amerindians (First Nations)

    The first inhabitants in North America were the Amerindians.
  • Jan 1, 1523

    Magellan Tours Earth

    Magellan is the first explorer to go around the world, proving that it is round
  • Jan 1, 1534

    Jacques Cartier Voyage #1

    Cartier explored and mapped the Gulf of Saint-Lawrence. Claimed that there was a lot of gold, but it was fish, timber and furs.
  • Jan 1, 1535

    Jacques Cartier Voyage #2

    Sailed up the Saint-Lawrence, reached Stadacona which was Quebec at the time. Natives taught the french how to survive the winter and cure scurvy, They return to France with native captives
  • Jan 1, 1541

    Jacques Cartier Voyage #3

    First attempt at colonisation, it was a failure.
  • Establishment of Port Royal

    The king of France sends Samuel de Champlain to the colony in goals to establish Port Royal. It fails due to its location
  • The Return of Samuel de Champlain

    Samuel de Champlain makes a fur trading post in Quebec City (Stadacona).
  • Laviollete founds Trois-Riviere

    In 1634, Laviollete creates the city of Trois-Rivieres.
  • Maisonneuve Becomes Montreal's First Governor

    In 1642, Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve becomes the first Governor or Montreal (Ville Marie).
  • Louis XIV Takes Over France

    In 1661, Louis XIV takes power in France as king in goals of ceasing wars in Europe and expanding the colony.
  • Implementation of the Royal Government

    The companies, who were previously incharge of the Colony were destroying France. The king Louis abolished the monopoly system and placed New France under the Minister of Marine (Jean-Basptiste Colbert)
  • First Intercolonial War (Treaty of Ryswick)

    In 1697, the first intercolonial war is ended in the signing of the Treaty of Ryswick
  • Second Intercolonial War (Treaty of Utrecht)

    In 1713, the second intercolonial war is ended in the signing of the Treaty of Utrecht
  • Third Intercolonial War (Treaty of Aix-De-La-Chapelle)

    In 1748, the third intercolonial war is ended in the singing of the Treaty of Aix-La-Chapelle
  • Period: to

    Seven Year War

    From 1756 to 1763, the fourth colonial war (a.k.a the Seven Year War) takes place. It is ended with the signing of the articles of capitulation.
  • Articles Of Capitulation

    In 1760, the French had lost the war in New France, they soon after signed the Articles of Capitulation which gave the terms under which the french could surrender.
  • Royal Proclamation

    In 1763, a consitution was signed in goals to assimilate the French in the British colony, it was the Royal Proclamation put in place by the king.
  • Quebec Act

    In 1774, in order to keep the French loyal, an act restoring french civil laws was signed, this was called the Quebec Act
  • American Revolution

    In 1776, the 13 colonies revolt against the mother country in goals of becoming independent.
  • Treaty of Versailles

    In 1783, the Treaty of Versailles was signed, declaring the independence of the United States of America (previously the 13 colonies).
  • Constitutional Act

    In 1791, the colony was divided into two parts, Upper Canada (English) and Lower Canada (French).
  • Steam Power is Invented by James Watt

    In 1802, steam powered engines are invented by James Watt.
  • Timber Trade Replaces Fur Trade

    In 1807, timber replaces fur as the most dominant product in the economy.
  • War of 1812

    In 1812, the war of 1812 sparked between the British and the French in which the Americans took advantage of to attack the colony.
  • Trains are Invented in London

    In 1814, trains were made in London, and brought to North America in 1819, revolutionizing transportation for the generations to come.
  • Railway Opens in Canada

    In 1836, the first railways are made in the colony.
  • Act of Union

    In 1840, the union of Canada east and west unite making the Province of Canada.
  • Canada Creates it's Own Currency

    In 1853, Canada creates it's own currency.