Population

  • 1400

    First Occupants

    First Occupants
    In the first occupants arrived in North America from Siberia by Bering Strait land Bridge.
  • 1500

    Aboriginal population around 1500

    Aboriginal population around 1500
    Around 1500 the Iroquoian population had around 5300-10000 people and the Algonquian population consisted of around 12000-20000 people
  • 1500

    Bering Strait Land Bridge

    Bering Strait Land Bridge
    In 1500, there was a piece of land which connected North America and Asia. The first people to come to North America were from Asia over 30 000 years ago.
  • 1500

    Relationship with the natives

    Relationship with the natives
    In 1500 the French were allied with the Algonquiens and the English with the Iroquois. Unfortunately the native population decreased because of the many diseases that the Europeans brought with them to N.A. and unfortunately the aboriginals immune systems weren't able to fight off the illnesses.
  • 1534

    Jacques Cartier's voyages

    Jacques Cartier's voyages
    On Jacques Cartier voyages in 1534 and 1535, he came to North America to try and claim new lands for the king of France, find precious resources, tried to evangelize the aboriginals and to find new fish stock.
    (Couldn't put two dates)
  • Samuel de Champlain founded Quebec

    Samuel de Champlain founded Quebec
    In 1608, Samuel de Champlain founded Quebec. He made Quebec in that specific area because they would be able to see enemies coming, there were fertile lands, easy to find because it was at the narrowing of the river, easy access to the Saint Lawrence and it was a good trading point.
  • Demographics of Quebec from 1608- 1760

    Demographics of Quebec from 1608- 1760
    The main people who took up the majority of the population were soldiers, unwanted people, nobles and engages
  • Seigneurial system

    Seigneurial system
    In 1610, the king of France granted pieces of land to rich french men who would eventually sell the land to peasants who would pay rent. In return for the land, the peasants would have to cultivate the land for the seigneurs.
  • Company of 100 Associates

    Company of 100 Associates
    In 1627, the company of 100 associates was granted a trade monopoly in New France but as a trade off, they were expected to bring over settlers and protect them but minimal expansion of population was made due to the threat of attacks from the British at sea. Since there was minimal expansion, the trade monopoly lasts until 1663
  • Samuel de Champlain founded Trois Rivieres

    Samuel de Champlain founded Trois Rivieres
    In 1634, Samuel de Champlain officially founded Trois Rivieres.
  • Samuel de Champlain founded Ville-Marie

    Samuel de Champlain founded Ville-Marie
    In 1642, Samuel de Champlain officially founded Ville-Marie, now known as Montreal.
  • Filles Du Roi

    Filles Du Roi
    In 1642, since the men took up most of the population, Jean Talon was hired to bring women (orphan girls) to New France. When the women got to New France, each man got to choose a wife then got married and started a family quickly so they could populate N. F.
  • Demand by Intendant Jean Talon

    Demand by Intendant Jean Talon
    In 1663, Jean Talon mandated to increase the population so they brought the engages, soldiers (they had a three year work contract) and the filles du Roi who were payed to go to New France, get married and start a family.
  • Soldiers Immigrations

    Soldiers Immigrations
    In 1665, The king of France sent 1200 soldiers to make sure that the french were safe and to contain the Iroquois.
  • Social Hierarchy

    Social Hierarchy
    In 1750, there was a social hierarchy. It went nobles, clergy and the common (highest rank to lowest).
  • Royal Proclamation

    Royal Proclamation
    In 1763, the Royal Proclamation was signed which meant New France now belonged to the British. French immigration stopped and english immigration started but 99% of the population was french and catholic which made it hard for British to use British laws.
  • Act of Quebec

    Act of Quebec
    In 1774, the British made the Act of Quebec which allowed them to practice the Catholic faith, enlarged their province into the fertile lands below the Great Lakes, etc.
  • Constitutional Act

    Constitutional Act
    In 1791, lands were opened up and given to loyalists and the divided Canada into two territories, Upper Canada (for the British) and Lower Canada (for the French)
  • Urbanization

    Urbanization
    In 1830, people working on the farms were having their jobs replaced by the low costing machines and for that reason, they were forced to find jobs in the city.
  • Potato famine

    Potato famine
    In 1845, there was the famous potato famine. When the Irish came to N.A. they were tested for diseases and if they passed they mostly went to St.Lawrence Valley and Upper Canada.
  • British North American Act

    British North American Act
    In 1867, Canada was established as it's own partly independent nation because it was only in control of internal things. This event began the contemporary period in Canada
  • Baby Boom

    Baby Boom
    In 1946, right after WWII, the return of all the soldiers that survived and a good situation with economy, resulted in everyone being happy so there was a growth of the population as marriages and births increased.
  • Immigration Act (1952)

    Immigration Act (1952)
    In 1952, the government put in place an immigration act to prevent such massive populations from coming.
  • Immigration Act (1976)

    Immigration Act (1976)
    In 1976, the second immigration act encourages population growth, facilitate family reunions and to facilitate the adaptation of new residents into society.
  • Aging population

    Aging population
    Because of the baby boom children aging, this has resulted in healthcare costs rising, there is no longer a mandatory age of retirement, etc. All of this increased taxes which makes more young, educated, and skilled workers to leave Canada during the 2000s. This is called the Brain Drain.