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Module 3 Assignement

  • Feb 9, 1541

    1st Attempt to Set Up a Colony

    1st Attempt to Set Up a Colony
    Population & Settlement - On his 3rd voyage, Jacques Cartier attempted to set up a colony but he was not successful. This was also his last voyage to North American before the King lost interest in the colony for 60 years. His other two voyages were for different reasons, such as making contact with the Natives and searching for gold.
  • Land claimed for the King of France

    Land claimed for the King of France
    Official Power & Counter Power - In 1605, the King first sent a voyage in Nova Scotia to claim his land. At the time, it was called Port Royal and it was Samuel to Champlain who took part in it. However, it failed in terms of settlement because of it's position.
  • Establishment of 1st Trading Post

    Establishment of 1st Trading Post
    Economy & Development - Samuel de Champlain established a trading post near Quebec to trade fur with the natives. At the time, it was called Stadacona, a point where the river narrows. He was ordered to do so by the King of France.
  • Monopoly granted to 100 Associates Company

    Monopoly granted to 100 Associates Company
    Economy & Development - In 1609, the King of France granted the monopoly of the fur trade to the 100 Associates Company. It would be done with the natives because they were already very experienced in doing so. It was founded by Cardinal de Richelieu and it was fincanced by French shareholders.
  • Foundation of Trois-Rivieres

    Foundation of Trois-Rivieres
    Population & Settlement - In 1634, Monsieur de Laviolette founded a second settlement at the confluence of St. Maurice and St. Lawrence rivers. This site also allowed furriers to communicate with each other and to prevent the Iroquois from intercepting their trades.
  • Converting Natives to Catholicism

    Converting Natives to Catholicism
    Culture & Currents of Thought - Paul Chomedy de Maissoneuve established Montreal to try and convert natives into becoming Catholic. At the time, it was called Ville-Marie which is an Indian name for Hochelaga. It's purpose was served because it was located deep inside the Indian territory.
  • Implementation of the Royal Governement

    Implementation of the Royal Governement
    Official Power & Counter Power - In 1663, King Louis the 14th with the help of the Minister of Marine, Jean-Baptiste Colbert, implemented the Royal Governement. This was done because the old system of companies were almost destroying New France so he decided to end the monopoly and alter the situation.
  • Population Policies of Jean Talon

    Population Policies of Jean Talon
    Population & Settlement - Starting in 1663, Jean Talon offered multiple immigration policies that favored big families and settlement to increase the population. Luckily, these immigration policies attracted thousands of people to New France. These people originated from different regions of France.
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    Increase of Population

    Population & Settlement - In 100 years, the population has gone from 3,000 people to 70,000 people. At this time, the King wanted to encourage settlement to create a diverse economy like the 13 Colonies. He realized that relying on one dangerous incase all of a sudden it runs out.
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    Religion Everywhere

    Culture & Currents of Thought - From 1663 to 1763, the Catholic religion was present everywhere. Priests were in charge of parishes and working as missionaires while nurses worked in hospitals and in schools. Potential priests were trained in a seminary where only the brighest boys were sent.
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    Seven Year War

    Official Power & Counter Power - This war, known as the fourth intercolonial war between the French and the English, resulted in the Conquest of New France by the English. At this time, there was fighting going on in both North America and Europe. Unfortunately, the French put more effort into the one in Europe, which lead to their defeat.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    Official Power & Counter Power - In 1763, the Seven Year War ended with the Treaty of Paris inwhich all terrritory of New France was given to the King of England except for two small islands. However, no mass deportation occured at this point. Now, the King of Britain was sure that the colony was under his full control.
  • Instauration of Royal Proclamation

    Instauration of Royal Proclamation
    Official Power & Counter Power - In 1763, the King of England instaured a new constituion, the Royal Proclamation, inwhich the goal was to assimilate his British subjects. The colony was given a new name, the borders around the St. Lawrence River were decreased, a civilian Governement was put into place, English criminal and civil laws were applied, no new Bishop would be allowed and no Roman Catholics could hold office.
  • Arrival of the Loyalists

    Arrival of the Loyalists
    Population & Settlement - In 1783, tens of thousands of Loyalists left the United States to settle in a British territory. Some were administrators or merchants who worked in the fur buisness while most of them were famers.. They settled in Gaspesie and Sorel and many of them cleared lands south of the St. Lawrence River.