Population and Settlement

By Isaac13
  • Aug 28, 1500

    Algonquins and Iroquois

    Algonquins and Iroquois
    They exchanged between each other
    Algonquins lived in the Canadian Shield
    Algonquins lived in tipi's (nomad)
    Iroquois lived in the south
    Iroquois were fighters
    Iroquois are sedentary
    Iroquois homes were in groups (not tipis)
    Iroquois farmed
  • Aug 28, 1534

    Jacques Cartier First voyage

    Jacques Cartier First voyage
    • 1534: explored and mapped the Saint Lawrence gulf
  • Sep 28, 1535

    Jacque Cartier 2nd voyage

    Jacque Cartier 2nd voyage
    in 1535 Jacque Cartier Sailed up the St. Lawrence And discovered Quebec
  • Sep 28, 1541

    Jacque Cartier's third voyage

    Jacque Cartier's third voyage
    In 1541 he attempted to set up a colony but it ultimately was for missionaries to convert Amerindians
  • Port royal

    Port royal
    The first attempted at a colony called port royal
    Failed due to position (Nova Scotia) therefore the Indians didn't want to travel that far
  • French regime

    French regime
    Here arrives the French to New France which occurred 60 years after they discovered it.
    France decided to exploit the colony of its riches
  • Champlain back in Quebec

    Champlain back in Quebec
    On this trip he sets up a trading post in Quebec
    This post doesn't fail like Port Royal
    This point is called New France, located near the narrow standacona
  • Sieur de Laviolette

    Sieur de Laviolette
    in 1634, Champlain gave the task to Sieur de Laviolette to find a settlement that confluence the St. Maurice and the St. Lawrence rivers. This task ended up finding Three Rivers
  • Ville Marie

    Ville Marie
    Paul Chomedey and Sieur de Maisonneuve founded Ville Marie originally as an area for evangelism. They later realized that it's in a perfect location (heart of Amerindian territory) for a trading post
  • Population increase

    Population increase
    In 1663 the population was 3000 that by 1760 turned into 70000.
    This was considered the first wave of immigration (Europeans)
    Jean talon was the mind behind the immigration his tactics included: taxing non married men/women's fathers, giving money to people who have over 10 children and even 12
  • British Regime

    British Regime
    During the war the British beat the French and signed a treaty that gave the English New France. This event would commence the British Regime.
    The population would be 99% French and 1% English
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    1763 after the war between France and England France is forced to give them New France. The treaty is essentially the deed to New France.
  • Immigration policies

    Immigration policies
    • From 1763, British immigration begins, first to come will be the rich business men
    • From 1791, measures to encourage immigration like giving land to shipping and railroad companies, immigration agents coming to the aid of immigrants in 1828
    • 1812: laws discouraging American immigration in Canada.
    • 1840: Colonial Land and Emigration Commission and permanent immigration office in London.
  • Quebec Act

    Quebec Act
    to reinsure Quebec's loyalty England made a new constitution which gave Quebec an enormous amount of land. This irritated the 13 colonies which was a factor that led to the war on independence.
  • wave of English immigration

    wave of  English immigration
    After the 1763 initial wave of wealthy British to New France came the loyalists from the war on Independence. This occurred in 1783-1800 bringing in over 36,000 loyalists and 6000 to Quebec
  • Irish Wave

    Irish Wave
    Due to a potato famine (disease in crops) many Irish lost money and started to starve.
    Irish came to Quebec in search of a new life but consdering many of them were sick were sent right away to Ile-Grossse.
    Ile grosse is an island where all irish go and if they survive then they can come to Quebec and work.
    Although the Irish were catholic like the French, the French didnt like them because they worked the same jobs but cheaper (therefore french lost jobs)
  • Contemporary Period Immigration

    Contemporary Period Immigration
    • Sharing federal-provincial powers with regard to immigration matters under the BNA
    • National Policy = Immigrant recruitment to populate Canada with land grants and handing over of land to rail companies to settle the west.
    • Waves of immigration following Great Depression, wars, etc...
    • Discriminatory immigration policies end with the Second World War.
  • Urbanization

    From 1867 and up, a rural exodus occurred causing:
    • a development of working class neighbourhoods.
    • Reversal of urban and rural populations.
    • Urban sprawl.
  • Indian Act

    Indian Act
    the Indian Act is what gives Indians reserves and bands giving them essentially their own territory and country.
  • Brain Drain

    Brain Drain
    Brain Drain is when a first world country such as Canada gets a bright person from a third world country and offers them education and basically takes the talent away from the third world country. For example surgeons, scientists etc...
  • Oka crises

    Oka crises
    1990 Mohawk warriors put road blocks on the borders to their reserves in Oka when a golf course wanted to expand on native land. The natives militarily faced themselves against the Canadian Forces. The Oka crisis lasted 78 days, when the stand-off finally came to an end with out armed conflict, however the issues remained.