Important Events in the Foundation of Canada

  • Period: Oct 1, 1534 to

    Module 1

    This Module starts with the first voyage of Jack Cartier and ends with the foundation of Montreal.
  • Oct 7, 1534

    Population: Jacques Cartier First Voyage to North America

    Population: Jacques Cartier First Voyage to North America
    Jacques Cartier first voyage to North America is important for the foundation of Canada.
    While the voyage was to find another route to India, he reported that there was a lot of wood, fish and gold. This would be important for the economy later.
  • Population: Foundation of Quebec (City)

    Population: Foundation of Quebec (City)
    Champlain establishes Quebec in 1608
    Chaplain chooses the area because of its strategic location.
    It was the first permanent settlement.
    It was used as a tradepost but was later replaced by Montreal. Quebec is the word in Amerindian that signifies where the river narrows. This talks about the St. Lawrence River.
  • Economy: Company of the 100 Associates

    Economy: Company of the 100 Associates
    The king grants complete control over the fur trade to the Company of 100 Associates in return they would have to populate the land. In terms of population, it was a failure but this started the huge fur trade buisiness.
    Beaver was the main fur pelt being sold at this time.
  • Population: Foundation of Ville-Marie (Montreal)

    Population: Foundation of Ville-Marie (Montreal)
    Paul Chomedy, sieur de Maisonneuve establishes Montreal in 1642 as a place to convert the natives into Christianity.
    Because of its strategic location between the Amerindian general areas, it is later used as the main fur trade post.
    Its original names is Ville-Marie but the natives call it Hochelaga.
  • Period: to

    Culture: Converting the Amerindians

    In 1642 with the foundatin of Montreal, which was made to convert natives and then with the conquest of the French, the evangilism ended.
    During that time, they were trying to convert natives into Christianity.
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    Module 2

    This continues from the foundation of Montreal and ends before the war for the conquest of New France.
  • Economy: Destruction of Huronia

    Economy: Destruction of Huronia
    In 1649, the Hurons, which were the main trading partners of New France for furs, had all their villages destroyed. This forced fur traders to go deep into the territory and trade furs.
    This caused fur trading companies to commence and create new jobs in New France for people to go and get furs in the Huron territory.
  • Power: Royal Government

    Power: Royal Government
    In 1663, the king put a new governing system in New France. It was called the Royal Government. It is composed of many people.
    France: King
    Minister of Marine New France: Sovereign council, which is composed of:
    Bishop Captain of the militia The people
  • Population: Jean Talon's Immigration Policies

    Population: Jean Talon's Immigration Policies
    Jean Talon creates immigration policies in hope to raise the population of New France. 1) He had the king send over women from France to get married to men in the colony for a some of money.
    2) He asked for soldiers and offered them land if they stayed after their contract was over.
    3) He had people come to work with local jobs (i.e. blacksmith) for 3 years and in return they would receive master of that profession. He then encouraged them to stay in the colony.
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    Culture: Creating Parishes in Seigneuries.

    Because of religious needs, the French built churches where they lived. This started with Jean Talon's policies and the creation of Seigneuries and ended with the Royal Proclamation because of the fact that they can't have a new Bishop
  • Power: The Treaty of Utrecht

    Power: The Treaty of Utrecht
    The Treaty of Utrecht was a treaty that ended the second intercolonial war. There were intercolonial happened because the main lands were in war, then the colonies went to war. There was war because of religion and language.
  • Period: to

    Module 3

    This starts with the war for the conquest of New France and ends with the Treaty of Versailles.
  • Period: to

    Power: The Conquest of New France. (7 Year War)

    The seven year war was a war that was taking place in both France and New France.
    The major battle for the conquest of New France took place on the Plains of Abraham in 1759. After that the rest of the battle was finished in France.
  • Power: The Treaty of Paris

    Power: The Treaty of Paris
    In 1763, there is the Treaty of Paris. This treaty ended the 7 year war between France and England. France gave all of New France to England but 2 islands.
  • Power: Quebec Act

    Power: Quebec Act
    In 1774 the Quebec act is put into place. It consists of giving Quebec the Ohio valley and reinstating French civil laws.
    While they were denied an elected assembly, there was a council.
    This was to ensure the loyalty of the French to England.
  • Population: English Loyalists Arrive in Canada

    Population: English Loyalists Arrive in Canada
    Because of the Americans winning the war against England, the inhabitants of the United States who were still loyal to the king were forced out of their land after the Treaty of Versailles in 1783.
    They were forced by the Americans to leave the territory.