Istock 000010991632xsmall

Population and Settlement

By Riley S
  • 30,000 BCE

    Migrations from Asia by the Beringia land bridge

    Migrations from Asia by the Beringia land bridge
    The land bridge was a route of human migration to the Americas from Asia.
  • Period: 1534 to 1541

    Jacques Cartier explored the St. Lawrence River

    In 1534, Cartier was searching for a passageway to Asia but found Canada instead. He encountered the Natives and began trading objects for fur.
  • The foundation of Quebec

    The foundation of Quebec
    Samuel de Champlain founded Quebec as a fur trading settlement.
  • Period: to

    French Regime

    New France is a colony of France.
  • The Company of One Hundred Associates

    The Company of One Hundred Associates
    The Company of One Hundred Associates is mandated by the King of France to populate the colony of New France.
  • The Foundation of Trois-Rivières

    The Foundation of Trois-Rivières
    Sieur de Laviolette was ordered by Samuel de Champlain to found a second settlement.
  • The foundation of Ville-Marie (Montréal)

    The foundation of Ville-Marie (Montréal)
    Paul Chomedey, Sieur de Maisonneuve founded Ville-Marie, now Montreal.
  • The development of New France is fostered by the King of France

    The development of New France is fostered by the King of France
    The Finance Minister of the King of France, Jean-Baptiste Colbert suggested creating the position of intendant to be in charge of the planning of the territory and the settlement.
  • First Intendant - Jean Talon

    First Intendant - Jean Talon
    He implemented different measures which increased the population. His goals were to attract more woman, craftsmen, merchants, and farmers to immigrate to New France. The three groups that they belong to are the engagés, soldiers and the Filles du Roy.
  • 1200 soldiers of the Carignan-Sallières regiment are immigrated to New France

    1200 soldiers of the Carignan-Sallières regiment are immigrated to New France
    The King sent the soldiers to protect the colony and maintain peace with the Iroquois. 600 soldiers remained in New France, which was encouraged by Jean Talon.
  • The Conquest of New France

    The Conquest of New France
    In 1760 few British and many Scottish took over New France. They settled in the Province of Quebec and were administrators and merchants who worked in the fur business.
  • Period: to

    British Rule

    New France - renamed to Québec, is controlled by Britain.
  • Treaty of Versailles

    Treaty of Versailles
    The size of Quebec was reduced and any territory south of the Great Lakes was the United States.
  • Period: to

    Loyalist immigration

    One-third of colonists were loyal to the king and migrated to Quebec. Most of them were farmers and subdivided there lands into Townships, thus establishing the Eastern Townships.
  • Period: to

    Emigration to the United States

    200 000 to 350 000 Quebecers left due to overpopulation. They went to the United States to find jobs and homes.
  • Great Famine (Ireland)

    Great Famine (Ireland)
    The famine caused more than a million Irishmen to immigrate to Canada, although they were all quarantined on the Grosse Ile due to epidemics.
  • Seigneurial system is abolished

    Seigneurial system is abolished
    The system was an institutional form of land distribution and occupation established in 1627. A large amount of the population lived in rural areas governed by the system.
  • British Noth America Act

    British Noth America Act
    The Act created the Canadian federation.
  • Indian Act

    Indian Act
    The Act is adopted by the federal government which indicates that the Aboriginal reserves are government property, but authorize exclusive use by the Natives/Aboriginals.
  • Vaccination is madatory in Montréal

    Vaccination is madatory in Montréal
    City council made the decision of making vaccination mandatory until the smallpox epidemic was over.
  • Period: to

    World War I

    A global war originating in Europe.
  • Period: to

    The Great Depression

    There were widespread drops in commodity prices and caused sudden declines in economic demand and credit, global trade rapidly declined and the number of unemployed people rose.
  • Period: to

    World War II

    A widespread war that involved more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, erasing the distinction between civilian and military resources.
  • Period: to

    Baby Boom

    After the Second World War, soldiers returned home. Thus the birth rate increased dramatically.
  • Canada - Québec Agreement on Immigration

    Canada - Québec Agreement on Immigration
    In order to keep the Québec culture alive, immigrants must meet the criteria and be able to adapt to the francophone society.