Jacques Cartier's Voyages (and basic life)

  • Dec 31, 1491

    Birth of an Explorer

    Jacques is born in Saint-Malo, France.
  • Jan 1, 1520

    Marriage

    Jacques married Mary Catherine des Granches when he was 25 years old.
  • Mar 10, 1534

    The Mission

    Jacques receives an order from King Francis, who tells him to go and search for certain lands which there are said to be big quantities of gold and diamonds. He then sets off the following April 20th with courage, hope, and determination.
  • Apr 20, 1534

    Jacques Cartier Sets Off

    Cartier sets off from St. Malo with his 2 ships and 61 crew members, and embarks on a safe journey to the "New World".
  • Period: Apr 20, 1534 to Sep 5, 1534

    FIRST VOYAGE

    This timespan is about Jacques Cartier's first voyage to the "New World". This is when he first meets the people of this new land, and gets to know them better.
  • Jul 7, 1534

    Jacques Cartier Meets the Natives

    When he arrives at Baie de Chaleur, he meets a friendly group of Huron-Iroquoians, who then take him to their leader, Chief Donnacona. Cartier and the chief trade items, this beingthe first recorded trade action between the Europeans and the Natives of this new world he was in.
  • Jul 24, 1534

    Land Ownership

    In the Gaspe Peninsula, Jacques Cartier had broken many ties with the natives when he put up a cross in the name of France, claiming possession of the land. The chief found this improper, and not wanting to face the consequences of the discontent, Jacques lied and said it was just a landmark.
  • Aug 15, 1534

    The Cheif's Sons

    Jacques decides to take Chief Donnacona’s 2 sons, Dom Agaya and Taignoagny for proof of this new world. He takes them back to King Francis -who is all the way in France- and promises to return them safely to their original home. The chief did not want to part with his sons, but as he had little choice, he had to give his sons away wondering if he would ever see them again.
  • Aug 25, 1534

    "Kanata" Was Born

    On his way back to France, Jacques learned from the 2 young boys that the chief, their father, had named their land “Kanata”, and he wrote it down on his maps and charts to mark the land.
  • Sep 5, 1534

    The Second Commission

    Jacques then presented the 2 boys to the king of France, who was pleased and gave him a new commission to return again to the new world.
  • Period: May 1, 1535 to Jan 1, 1541

    SECOND VOYAGE

    This timespan is about Jacques Cartier's second voyage to the "New World". Here, he encounters most of his challenges, as this is not the intro, nor the end.
  • May 19, 1535

    The Second Voyage

    Jacques Cartier set off for his second voyage- back to the “new world” to explore islands and to look for riches and a route to Asia.
  • Oct 2, 1535

    To Montreal

    Cartier went up by the Cap Rouge River to Montreal and stopped on this date because of the rapids. 1000 natives came to greet him.
  • Apr 18, 1536

    Montreal

    Cartier stayed in Montreal from 1535 to mid April 1536 for the winter because of the icy rivers and harsh weather.
  • May 1, 1536

    Back to France

    Cartier and his crew set off to France once again, along with the St. Lawrence Iroquoians chief, his two sons, 3 other natives as well as 5 children who were to be “gifted” to the king of France.
  • Jun 15, 1536

    Arrived at France

    Cartier and his group arrived back to France on June 15 1536.
  • Period: May 1, 1541 to May 1, 1542

    THIRD AND LAST VOYAGE

    This timespan is about Jacques Cartier's third and last voyage to the "New World". There are no more voyages after this, as he gains no more commisions.
  • May 23, 1541

    The Third Voyage

    To set a colonization in Canada which later becomes the reason of Quebec and French speaking Canadians. They also started collecting what they believed was gold and diamonds.
  • Jun 19, 1543

    Failure

    Cartier arrives back in France, thinking that he has succeeded. He finds out that the diamonds were quartz, and the gold was iron pyrite. His reputation is fatally ruined.
  • Sep 1, 1557

    Death

    Cartier dies from an epidemic.