Population and Settlement

  • Period: Aug 29, 1500 to

    Population and Settlement

  • Sep 16, 1500

    Settlement of the Iroquois

    Settlement of the Iroquois
    -Live in the south
    -Semi farmers (stay for 10 years then leave when the soil isn't good anymore)
    -Good fighters because they knew where everybody was
    -Live in long houses
    - Matriarch
  • Sep 29, 1500

    Settlement of the Algonquins

    Settlement of the Algonquins
    -Live in the north
    -They follow the animals
    -Live in tipis
    - Patriarch
  • Aug 29, 1534

    Cartier's first voyage

    Cartier's first voyage
    Cartier explored and mapped the Gurlf of St-Lawrence and reported gold but was actually lots of fish, timber and furs.
  • Aug 29, 1535

    Cartier's second voyage

    Cartier's second voyage
    Cartier sailed up the St-Lawrence and reached Stadacona (Quebec).
  • Aug 29, 1541

    Cartier's third voyage

    Cartier's third voyage
    Cartier attempted to set up a colony so the missionnaries could convert the natives, but this plan failed.
  • King's frst attempt to establish a settlement

    King's frst attempt to establish a settlement
    Samuel de Champlain was a part of the first settlement in Nova Scotia, called Port Royal. It failed because of its position.
  • King's second attempt to establish a trading post

    King's second attempt to establish a trading post
    Champlain established this trading post near Stadacona (Quebec), a point where the river narrows. It would be called New France (Quebec City). This trading post was a success.
  • Seigneurial Regime

    Seigneurial Regime
    To entice new settlers to come to New France and keep them organised.
  • 3rd permanent settlement

    3rd permanent settlement
    In 1642, a third settlement was founded named Ville-Marie. The purpose of this settlement was to evangelize the Amerindians but it still becane a major trading post because it was located in the heart of the Amerindian territory. In the 18th century, it was renamed Montreal.
  • First wave of immigration

    First wave of immigration
    The French came to New France after Jean Talon became in charge of populating New France therefore giving advantages of coming. Some policies to help populate the colony were: bringing in the Filles du Roy to get married, soldiers who stayed after their duties got free land and minor criminals could come and live in New France. Fathers of unmarried girls paid fines as well as bachelors over 21. Payments were also given to couples who married young.
  • First Intendant (Jean Talon)

    First Intendant (Jean Talon)
    In 1666, the king of France mandated Jean Talon to become the first intendant of New France. His main priority was to populate the colony.
  • The Great Peace of Montreal

    The Great Peace of Montreal
    The Great Peace of Montreal was a peace treaty between New France and 40 First Nations of North America.
  • Second wave of immigration

    Second wave of immigration
    The British come to New France. First the wealthy business men come looking to take over making the population 99% French and 1% English.
  • Immigration of Loyalists and Americans

    Immigration of Loyalists and Americans
    After the war of independance, 36 000 loyalists left the United States to move to Canada. 6000 moved to Quebec and many of those settled in the eastern townships. The English population of Quebec had a sudden increase from 1% to 10%.
  • Third wave of immigration

    Third wave of immigration
    The Irish came to New France due to the Irish Potato Famine and the cholera epidemic.
  • Abolishment of slavery

    Abolishment of slavery
    Black slaves lived in the British regions of Canada in the 17th and 18th centuries. Slavery was abolished on August 1, 1834.
  • British North American Act

    British North American Act
    -There were 2 conferences: 1. Charlotetown and 2. Quebec
    -4 provinces part of this: Quebec, Ontario, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia
    -Canada became a federation with a strong federal government and a provincial governement
  • Emigration to United States and the west

    Emigration to United States and the west
    Overpopulation in the country lead people on the farm to move to the city. When the city got too gross, they moved to Vermont, New Hampshire or out west.
  • Indian Act

    Indian Act
    The Indiant Act is laws that control every aspect of Indian life. It provides ways of understanding Native identity.
  • First phase of the Industrial Revolution

    First phase of the Industrial Revolution
    -The creation of the first trans Canada railroad.
    - Factory workers
    - Finished products
  • The second phase of the Industrial Revolution

    The second phase of the Industrial Revolution
    -Brain drain (when your most educated and skilled workers leave tp seek better opportunities)
    -Natural Resources
  • Diversification of the population

    Diversification of the population
    Descriminatory immigration policies until the end of the Second World War. Since 1945, there has been diversification of immigration.
  • Oka Crisis

    Oka Crisis
    The Mohawk warriors established road blocks on the borders to their reserves in Oka just outside Montreal, when a golf course wanted to expand its 9 holes onto native land. The Canadian Forces were called in to handle the situation against the native military.