In 1608, the king of France gave the job of populating New France to the charter companies. They did not succeed because they only cared about their profits. Starting in 1663, the job was given to the intendant, Jean Talon. He enforced several policies that helped increase the population very rapidly. Some of those policies were Filles du Roy, soldiers who stayed after their duty ended got free land, and minor criminals could come live in NF. Also, there were fines for those who weren't married.