Rise of Christianity in the Roman Empire

Timeline created by 67294
In History
  • -64 BCE

    Roman Rule of Israel (begins)

    Roman Rule of Israel (begins)
    Rome took control of Israel from Syria in 64 BC.
    - Rome ruled Israel during the book of Acts.
    - Ruling Israel gave Rome more opportunities to move between different locations.
    - As long as Israel obeyed the Romans they were free to practice their own religion.
    - People in Israel thought their right to worship their god was only a privilege that would be taken away if they disobeyed Romans.
    - The Roman law gave people certain rights like release from military and court.
  • -4 BCE

    Jesus of Nazareth

    Jesus of Nazareth
    Jesus of Nazareth is the God Christians worship.
    - He's also known as Jesus Christ.
    - He was a Jewish preacher and a religious leader.
    - He was born December 25 (Christmas) 4 BC and died in 30 AD when he was crucified.
    - The story of Jesus is that Mary had him as baby in Bethlehem, he was a savior for the people in places like Bethlehem, Jerusalem, Israel, and more. He died on the cross for his people and rose after 3 days.
    - Christians considered him the incarnation of God.
  • 10

    Paul of Tarsus

    Paul of Tarsus
    Paul of Tarsus spread the word of Jesus and helped it expand.
    - He was also known as Paul the Apostle, and Saint Paul.
    - He was born in 10 AD and died in 64 or 67 AD.
    - After Jesus, St. Paul is considered the second most important person to Christianity.
    - He was very effective in spreading Christianity and building up the community.
    - His original name was Saul, but he changed it to Paul when he became Christian, because it means "small".
  • 64

    Great Fire of Rome

    Great Fire of Rome
    The Great Fire of Rome took place July 19, 64 AD, and lasted 6 days in the Circus Maximus.
    - It's said that Nero started the fire so he could rebuild Rome his way.
    - Nero supposedly "fiddled" while the fire burned. (played music while his people were in danger)
    - It's also possible that a fire in one of the poorly constructed buildings got out of hand.
    - About 60,000 buildings were destroyed in the fire, and 10 out of 14 Roman districts were completely burned.
    - There were only known deaths.
  • 181


    Perpetua was a martyr who died for her belief in Christianity.
    - Perpetua was born 181 AD, and died in March 7, 203 AD.
    - Christians held her in high esteem.
    - Martyrs like her helped expand the number of Christians and allowed them to gain more members in church.
    - She was arrested first and when she refused to go against Christ she was killed.
    - It was very common for Christians to die when they didn't abandon their beliefs because they were seen as a threat.
  • 272

    Constantine the Great

    Constantine the Great
    Constantine was a Roman emperor who made Christianity legal when he came into power.
    - Constantine was born February 27, 272 AD, he ruled from 306-337 CE, and died May 22, 337 CE.
    - He envisioned a cross in the sky and also had a dream about Christianity, causing him to make it legal.
    - He issued the Edict of Milan, which allowed Christians the right to worship.
    - He converted to Christianity before dying.
    - Constantine was the first Roman emperor to be Christian.
  • 303

    Great Persecution of 303 CE

    Great Persecution of 303 CE
    The Great Persecution was the final and most severe persecution held for Christians.
    - Many churches were destroyed.
    - Roughly 3,000 to 3,500 Christians died after being tortured and executed.
    - This persecution lasted for 8 years.
    - Diocletian was responsible for the persecution, and his goal was to erase Christianity, and get them to worship Roman gods instead.
    - He especially enjoyed getting hold of church leaders for his persecution.
  • 312

    Battle of Milvian Bridge

    Battle of Milvian Bridge
    The Battle of Milvian Bridge was between Constantine and Maxentius and took place at Milvian Bridge.
    - It happened October 28, 312 CE.
    - It gets it's name from the Milvian Bridge.
    - The battle helped lead Constantine to become Rome's only ruler.
    - Constantine defeated Maxentius.
    - Constantine had his dream about the cross the night before, and had his soldiers paint crosses on their shields, he wanted them to be "Christian soldiers".
  • 313

    Edict of Milan

    Edict of Milan
    The Edict of Milan was a letter that released restrictions on Christian's rights to worship, and made Christianity legal in Rome.
    - It was issued by Constantine in February 313 AD.
    - It completely stopped all persecutions of Christians.
    - This was the start of Christianity spreading through Rome.
    - Constantine had been in Milan which is why it is called the Edict of Milan.
    - All meeting places of Christians were restored with the Edict of Milan.
  • 347

    Emperor Theodosius

    Emperor Theodosius
    Theodosius was a Roman emperor who helped solve problems dealing with goths and barbarians.
    - He was occasionally called "the Great"
    - He was born January 11, 347 AD, ruled from 379-395, and died January 17, 395 AD.
    - He issued the Edict of Thessalonica, which made Rome's official religion Christianity.
    - He was the last emperor to rule before Rome split into East and West.
    - He converted to Christianity and helped stop persecutions.