Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire

Timeline created by yowhatsup555
In History
  • -753 BCE

    Rome is Founded

    Rome is Founded
    A Latin tribe built a village that eventually became Rome. Their village was built on a hill in central Italy, named Palatine. In time, the village grew larger into a mighty city that spread over seven hills.
  • -509 BCE

    Rome Becomes a Republic

    Rome Becomes a Republic
    The Romans overthrew the last Etruscan king and Rome is now a republic. In a republic, elected officials work for the interests of the people. To the patricians, "the people" meant the patricians themselves, not the plebeians. So the patricians had all the power to themselves.
  • -509 BCE

    The First Period of Expansion Begins

    The First Period of Expansion Begins
    The first period began when the Romans drove the last Etruscan king out of power. The Romans wanted to protect their borders and to gain more land. This led to a series of wars. They conquered their Latin neighbors in central Italy. They also defeated their old masters, the Etruscans. The Romans also made allies, or friends, of their former enemies. In the end, Rome and its allies controlled all of Italy.
  • -494 BCE

    The Plebeians Protest

    The Plebeians Protest
    The plebeians struggled to gain a share of the political power enjoyed by patricians. Since most of the people were plebeians, they decided to march out of the city and camped on a nearby hill. They refused to come back until the patricians met their demands. Rome was in crisis, work in the city and on the farms came to a halt. Without the plebeians, patricians feared that the army would be helpless if an enemy struck at Rome.
  • -451 BCE

    The Twelve Tables

    The Twelve Tables
    The plebeians demanded that the laws need to be written down so the patricians couldn't change them whenever they want to. So the laws were written down on tablets called the Twelve Tables.
  • -264 BCE

    The Second Period of Expansion Begins

    The Second Period of Expansion Begins
    Rome's growth threatened another great power, the city of Carthage in North Africa. During the second period of expansion, Rome and Carthage fought three major wars. Through these wars,
    Rome gained control of North Africa, much of Spain, and the island
    of Sicily. Roman armies also conquered Macedonia and Greece.
  • -145 BCE

    The Third Period of Expansion Begins

    The Third Period of Expansion Begins
    During the third period of expansion, Rome came to rule the entire
    Mediterranean world. In the east, Rome took control of Asia Minor, Syria, and Egypt. In the west, a general named Julius Caesar conquered much of Gaul. A civil war also occurred in the the Third Period of Expansion. Roman generals were becoming dictators, trying to become the leader of Rome. Caesar himself ruled as a dictator before he was murdered. Then Caesar's grandnephew, Octavian, seized power. Rome is now an empire.
  • -49 BCE

    Great Roman Civil War

    Great Roman Civil War
    Many Roman generals were becoming greedy. They used their army to fight against the Senate for power in Rome. Julius Caesar became a dictator after he defeated Pompey. The frightened Senate named Caesar dictator for life. With Caesar in control, the republican form of government was at an end.
  • -44 BCE

    The Fourth Period of Expansion Begins

    The Fourth Period of Expansion Begins
    The fourth period of expansion began with the start of the empire. The first emperor, Augustus, added a great deal of new territory by pushing the borders of the empire all the way to natural boundaries, like rivers, to make it easier to defend. Later emperors added more territory.
  • 117

    Rome Reaches its Peak

    Rome Reaches its Peak
    At its height, the Roman Empire stretched from the island of Britain in the west to the Black Sea in the east.
  • 285

    Rome Separates into Two

    Rome Separates into Two
    In 285, Emperor Diocletian decided that the Roman Empire was too big to manage for on emperor. So his solution was to divide the Roman Empire into two parts, the east and the west. The west was ruled by Rome, while the east was ruled by Constantinople.
  • 410

    The City of Rome is Conquered

    The City of Rome is Conquered
    A Germanic tribe called the Visigoths invaded Rome. They looted the treasures, killed and enslaved many Romans, and destroyed many buildings.
  • 476

    The Western Empire Falls

    The Western Empire Falls
    Odoacer took control of Rome. He became king of Italy and forced the last emperor of Rome, Romulus Augustulus, to give up his crown. Many historians consider this to be the end of the Roman Empire.
  • 1453

    The Fall of the Eastern Roman Empire

    The Fall of the Eastern Roman Empire
    The Byzantine Empire comes to an end as it falls to the Ottoman Empire.