Early ChurchDeath of Jesus 30
Christian Tradition Begins 30 - 313
New Testament writings
Imperial Church 313 - 410Triumph of Constantine
State sanction and promotion of Christianity
Theological debate over heresies regarding Trinity
Council of Nicaea - 325 - Nicene Creed
Jan 1, 1054
Early Middle Ages 410 - 1054Fall of Rome
800 Holy Roman Emperor by Leo III
Theology of suffering, sin, repentance and penance become common
Islam emerges, expands-presents challenges
Schism 1054 - Split between Rome and Constantinople
Jan 1, 1307
High Middle Ages 1054 - 1307Papal power at high point with Innocent III
Crusades - 1095-1291
Economic, Theological, Educational advancements
Jan 1, 1483
Martin LutherBorn 11/10/1483 in the town of Eisleben, Germany
Married to Katharina von Bora 1525
Established what came to eventually become the Protestant Tradition Protestant meaning to protest something.
Jan 1, 1500
Decline & Renewal of Church - 1307-1500Growing Nationalism fractures Christendom
Hundred Years' War
Peasant Revolts against abuses
Fall of Constantinople to Turks 1453
Development of the Indulgence System - very harmful to the peasantry population.
Corruption and abuses setting the stage for Reformation
Jan 1, 1509
John CalvinBorn 1509
TULIP Total Depravity, unconditional election, limited atonement, and irresistible grace
Oct 31, 1517
95 ThesisMartin Luther in response to the selling of indulgences - abuse of church. Seeks moral reform in the Roman Church
Jan 1, 1521
Luther ExcommunicatedHoly Roman Emperor, Charles V, issues the Edict of Worms, declaring Luther an outlaw. Luther is formally excommunicated by the pope
Jan 1, 1529
Diet of SpeyerThe term Protestantism is first used
Means to Protest
Jan 1, 1533
AnabaptistsDutch Priest Menno Simons led movement -- became Mennonites
George Blaurock was baptized by Conrad Grebel, thus the movement became called anabaptists, which means rebaptizers--but in theory Anabaptists didnot believe in rebaptism -- believed in adult baptism.
Jacob ArminiusArminianism opposite of Calvinism
Theological concept became important to Wesley
PuritansPuritans, including both Presbyterian and Congregationalists, arrive on Mayflower and establish a colony at Plymouth in Massachusetts.
QuakersFounder - George Fox (1624-1691)
Inner Light - Spiritualist
William Penn founded 'Religious Society of Friends" in Pennsylvania in 1682 - Quakers
English ReformationHenry VIII became head of church
Edward VI son of Henry and Jane Seymour - reign short but made great advances for the cause of the reformers.
Mary Tudor - daugher of Henry and Catherine of Aragon - known as bloody Mary - Mass killing of Protestants
Elizabeth - Daughter of Henry and Anne Boleyn - Moderate form of Protestantism restored. New Edition of the Book of Common Prayer
John WesleyJohn Wesley - 1703-1791
1737 Wesley brought Methodism to America
Great AwakeningSpreads thoughout New England and the Bristish Colonies
The beginning of the rise of denominationalism in USA
Began as Intellectual Movement, but became emotional
Rise of Baptists and Methodists
UnitarianismFirst American Unitarian congregation is established at King's Chapel Boston
Second Great AwakeningBegan as intellectual movement
Becomes less intellectual
Becomes more emotional and
Gives rise to Fundamentalistic thought
MormonsJoseph Smith establishes the "Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints," - Mormons
Seventh-Day Adventist Church in AmericaWilliam Miller (1782-1849) establishes the church in the USA
Based on prophecies concerned with the end of the world based on books of Daniel and Revelation.
Predicted end of the world for 1843
Jehovah's WitnessesCharles Taze Russell (1852-1916)
Established the International Bible Students Association, later known as the Jehovah's Witnesses.
Church of Christ, ScientistMary Baker Eddy
Believed that people had within them the power of the mind to eliminate sickness and death. She, herself, was healed without medicine.
God is spirit and all good, and humans are reflection of God, and are also spiritual and good.
Pentecostal ChurchesBegin to emerge out of a variety of interdenominational revivalist churches in America
Assemblies of GodThe Assemblies of God Church is established leading way for many more nondenomination churches
A militant reaction to liberal Protestantism and to developments in modern science.
5 Principles of Fundamentalism
inerracy of Bible
Virgin Birth of Jesus
Divinity of Jesus
Atoning death of Jesus
Parousia - Physical Resurrection and second coming of Jesus
Executed for plot to kill Hitler
Mega ChurchGrowth of Mega Churches
Global ReligionThe vitality of Christian in third world countries is vast, but its parallel crisis in the North Atlantic appears event.
A secularism appears to be encroaching.
We have reached an age that is "beyond Christendom," when Christianity no longer has clear centers.
What will Christianity resemble by the end of the 21st century?