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Religious Diversity

  • 313

    Early Church

    Early Church
    Death of Jesus 30
    Christian Tradition Begins 30 - 313
    Apostolic Age
    Oral Tradition
    New Testament writings
  • 410

    Imperial Church 313 - 410

    Imperial Church 313 - 410
    Triumph of Constantine
    State sanction and promotion of Christianity
    Theological debate over heresies regarding Trinity
    Council of Nicaea - 325 - Nicene Creed
  • Jan 1, 1054

    Early Middle Ages 410 - 1054

    Early Middle Ages 410 - 1054
    Fall of Rome
    800 Holy Roman Emperor by Leo III
    Theology of suffering, sin, repentance and penance become common
    Islam emerges, expands-presents challenges
    Schism 1054 - Split between Rome and Constantinople
  • Jan 1, 1307

    High Middle Ages 1054 - 1307

    High Middle Ages 1054 - 1307
    Papal power at high point with Innocent III
    Islamic expansion
    Crusades - 1095-1291
    Economic, Theological, Educational advancements
  • Jan 1, 1483

    Martin Luther

    Martin Luther
    Born 11/10/1483 in the town of Eisleben, Germany
    Died 1546
    Married to Katharina von Bora 1525
    Established what came to eventually become the Protestant Tradition Protestant meaning to protest something.
  • Jan 1, 1500

    Decline & Renewal of Church - 1307-1500

    Decline & Renewal of Church - 1307-1500
    Growing Nationalism fractures Christendom
    Hundred Years' War
    Black Plague
    Peasant Revolts against abuses
    Fall of Constantinople to Turks 1453
    Development of the Indulgence System - very harmful to the peasantry population.
    Corruption and abuses setting the stage for Reformation
  • Jan 1, 1509

    John Calvin

    John Calvin
    Born 1509
    TULIP Total Depravity, unconditional election, limited atonement, and irresistible grace
    Presbyterian Church
  • Oct 31, 1517

    95 Thesis

    95 Thesis
    Martin Luther in response to the selling of indulgences - abuse of church. Seeks moral reform in the Roman Church
  • Jan 1, 1521

    Luther Excommunicated

    Luther Excommunicated
    Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V, issues the Edict of Worms, declaring Luther an outlaw. Luther is formally excommunicated by the pope
  • Jan 1, 1529

    Diet of Speyer

    Diet of Speyer
    The term Protestantism is first used
    Means to Protest
  • Jan 1, 1533


    Dutch Priest Menno Simons led movement -- became Mennonites
    George Blaurock was baptized by Conrad Grebel, thus the movement became called anabaptists, which means rebaptizers--but in theory Anabaptists didnot believe in rebaptism -- believed in adult baptism.
  • Jacob Arminius

    Jacob Arminius
    Arminianism opposite of Calvinism
    Theological concept became important to Wesley
  • Puritans

    Puritans, including both Presbyterian and Congregationalists, arrive on Mayflower and establish a colony at Plymouth in Massachusetts.
  • Quakers

    Founder - George Fox (1624-1691)
    Inner Light - Spiritualist
    Called Friends
    William Penn founded 'Religious Society of Friends" in Pennsylvania in 1682 - Quakers
  • English Reformation

    English Reformation
    Henry VIII became head of church
    Edward VI son of Henry and Jane Seymour - reign short but made great advances for the cause of the reformers.
    Mary Tudor - daugher of Henry and Catherine of Aragon - known as bloody Mary - Mass killing of Protestants
    Elizabeth - Daughter of Henry and Anne Boleyn - Moderate form of Protestantism restored. New Edition of the Book of Common Prayer
  • John Wesley

    John Wesley
    John Wesley - 1703-1791
    1737 Wesley brought Methodism to America
  • Great Awakening

    Great Awakening
    Spreads thoughout New England and the Bristish Colonies
    The beginning of the rise of denominationalism in USA
    Began as Intellectual Movement, but became emotional
    Rise of Baptists and Methodists
  • Unitarianism

    First American Unitarian congregation is established at King's Chapel Boston
  • Second Great Awakening

    Second Great Awakening
    Began as intellectual movement
    Becomes less intellectual
    Becomes more emotional and
    Ends Anti-intellectual
    Gives rise to Fundamentalistic thought
  • Mormons

    Joseph Smith establishes the "Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints," - Mormons
  • Seventh-Day Adventist Church in America

    Seventh-Day Adventist Church in America
    William Miller (1782-1849) establishes the church in the USA
    Based on prophecies concerned with the end of the world based on books of Daniel and Revelation.
    Predicted end of the world for 1843
  • Jehovah's Witnesses

    Jehovah's Witnesses
    Charles Taze Russell (1852-1916)
    Established the International Bible Students Association, later known as the Jehovah's Witnesses.
  • Church of Christ, Scientist

    Church of Christ, Scientist
    Mary Baker Eddy
    Believed that people had within them the power of the mind to eliminate sickness and death. She, herself, was healed without medicine.

    God is spirit and all good, and humans are reflection of God, and are also spiritual and good.
  • Pentecostal Churches

    Pentecostal Churches
    Begin to emerge out of a variety of interdenominational revivalist churches in America
  • Assemblies of God

    Assemblies of God
    The Assemblies of God Church is established leading way for many more nondenomination churches
  • Fundamentalism

    Early 1900's
    A militant reaction to liberal Protestantism and to developments in modern science.
    5 Principles of Fundamentalism
    inerracy of Bible
    Virgin Birth of Jesus
    Divinity of Jesus
    Atoning death of Jesus
    Parousia - Physical Resurrection and second coming of Jesus
  • Dietrich Bonhoeffer

    Dietrich Bonhoeffer
    Executed for plot to kill Hitler
    Lutheran Pastor
  • Mega Church

    Mega Church
    Growth of Mega Churches
  • Global Religion

    Global Religion
    The vitality of Christian in third world countries is vast, but its parallel crisis in the North Atlantic appears event.
    A secularism appears to be encroaching.
    We have reached an age that is "beyond Christendom," when Christianity no longer has clear centers.
    What will Christianity resemble by the end of the 21st century?