Protestant and Counter Reformations

  • Period: Jan 1, 1500 to

    Protestant and Counter Reformations

  • Oct 12, 1517

    Luther's Theses

    Martin Luther was outraged at the church, so he posted his arguments against indulgences on the door of a church and this action started protests across Rome.
  • Jan 12, 1521

    Martin Luther Outlawed

    Martin Luther was excommunicated (removed from the church) early 1521 and the new pope later that year declared Luther an outlaw.
  • Oct 12, 1524

    German Peasant Revolt

    Across Germany peasants revolted and wanted an end to serfdom. When their protests got too violent Luther denounced the protest and with his support the rebellion was quickly crushed.
  • Oct 13, 1527

    Henry VIII: Church Problems

    In 1527 Henry asked the Pope to annul his marriage with Catherine of Aragon. He wanted to mary Anne Boleyn because Catherine could only bear a girl and he needed a boy. This started a divide between him and the church.
  • Jan 12, 1530

    Creation of Protestant Church

    Luther's followers decided to make his ideas into its own religion and this was called the Protestant Church.
  • Oct 12, 1534

    Act of Supremacy

    King Henry VIII was angry at the church for not annuling his marriage and then passed this law which made him the sole ruler of the English church.
  • Oct 12, 1536

    John Calvin's The Institutes of the Christian Religion

    A book about his views on religion and how he believes a protestant church should be run. This book was widely read by protestants.
  • Oct 12, 1540

    Society of Jesus; Jesuits

    The Pope officially recognized this religous order which fought heresy against the christian faith.
  • Oct 12, 1541


    The city-state of Geneva asked Calvin to lead them and there he set up a Theocracy.
  • Dec 13, 1545

    Council of Trent

    The Pope created this council to go over and reaffirm christian ideas. They declared that the bible was not the only source of info. This council met on and off for about 20 years.
  • Jan 28, 1547

    Edward VI comes to power.

    When Henry dies his son, Edward, takes power. He was young at the time and since many of his advisers were Protestant he brought Protestant reforms to England.
  • Jul 6, 1553

    Edward's Death

    When Edward VI died his half-sister Mary came into power. She then started to attempt to turn England back to catholicism and away from protestant.
  • Oct 12, 1555

    The Peace of Augsburg

    This agreement allowed each prince to decide what religion would be followed in his lands. Most in northern germany chose lutheranism. The south mostly remained catholic.
  • Nov 17, 1558

    Mary's Death

    On this day Queen Mary died and Elizabeth came into power. She then had a compromise between catholic and protestant in the English church. Elizabeth ended the religous swings and finally unifyed England.
  • Rome in 1600

    By this time Rome was still very Christian and the Protestant church had not grown as much as expected