Fall of the Roman EmpireLife in Rome started to fall apart. They suffered many attacks and troubles that led to even worse things. In the end, the Roman Empire had fallen.
Gregorian ChantOfficial music of Roman Catholic Church
Melodies set to sacred latin texts
Narrow Range of Pitches
Pitches Predominately move by step
Irish monks establish early-medieval art.The greatest surviving product of these monks is the Book of Kells, a Gospel book of decorative art.
Charlemagne crowned first Holy Roman EmperorThe King of the Franks, Charlemagne is crowned Holy Roman Emperor. He united much of Western Europe.
Hildegard of Bingen composed O SuccessoresSung by nuns in Hildegard's Convent In Praise of the holy confessors (successors of Christ). Single melodic line with drone accompaniment. Drone-One or more sustained tones accompanying a melody. Interval of a fifth played on a fiddle
Notre Name schoolthe history of music because it produced the earliest repertory of polyphonic (multipart) music to gain international prestige and circulation.
Anonymous (Sumer canon)It is the oldest piece of six-part polyphonic music
Last Crusade to the Holy Land (non-musical event in book)The crusaders of the First Crusade captured Jerusalem, killing its Muslim inhabitants. The Crusaders divide their new territories into four principalities.
Guillaume de Machaut- Puis qu'en oubli sui de vousA love poem to lover Perrone, a beautiful young noblewoman
Organum: Gregorian Chant with one or more lines
Vocal Melody with two accompanying parts
Black Death beginsThe black death was a horrible plague that swiped across the European region. The plague caused over half of the population to die.
Joan of Arc is captured and taken to England.The English accuses her of being a witch and condemn her for heresy. Joan is publicly burned in the city of Rouen.
Josquin des Prez (Ave Maria . . . virgo serena)It is regarded as Josquin's most famous motet and one of the most famous pieces of the 15th century.
Columbus discovers the New WorldChristopher Columbus was an explorer. He tried to find a new passage to India, and he also believed he found this passage. But the truth was, he discovered a New World.
Henry VIII succeeds his father, Henry VII, for the English.Henry is most remembered: his six marriages and his break with Rome (which would not allow divorce), leading to the English Reformation.