The Fall of the Roman EmpireThe Roman Empire started in 27 BC and ended 476 AD. There were many reasons for the fall of the Roman Empire. One reason was that most of the money in Rome was used to build churches when the money should have been used to maintain the empire. Another reason the Roman Empire failed was that the ecomony was very weak. The government had to constantly worry about going bankrupt, which made the government have high the citizens pay high taxes.
Jan 1, 700
The ReconquistaThe Reconquista was a war fought by the Christians to drive the Moors out of Spain and Portugual. The Christains wanted to convert the Moors to Christianity, which took about 771 years for it to finally happen. King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella played major roles in the Christians conquering the Moors. In 1479, Queen Isabella became queen of Castila and Kind Ferdinand took over when his father died. The couple reunited Spain, where they acheived peace, along with an absolute monarchy.
Jan 1, 1096
The CrusadesThe Crusades are known as the religilous wars because it is where Christians went to the Holy Land and tried to take it over from the Saracens. The Crusades era started 1095 and 1292, and during that time, there were 7 major Crusades. The cause of the Crusades is that the City of Jerusalem was taken by the Turks in 1065 and 3,000 Christians were killed.
Jan 1, 1300
The RenaissancePeople began making their own discoveries in the late 1300's, where they produced new books on art, medicine, and chemistry. This was called the Renaissance, which is a French word for rebirth. During the renassiance, trade began to thrive greatly. Europe countries such as France, England, Spain, and Portugal, had monarchars that gained more power and leadership.
Jan 1, 1330
Black PlagueThe Black Plague started in the early 1330's in Europe. It was spread mostly by rats and fleas which is a problem because they are all over Europe. The first 5 years of the Black Plague was the worst, but there were small outbreaks of it until the early 1600's. The Black Plague killed 25 million people.
Apr 6, 1453
The Fall of ConstantinopleThe Fall of Constintanople took place in 1453. The Fall of Constintanople was basically the capure of the capital of the Byzantine Empire, which occurred mainly because of a siege by the Ottoman Empire. Constintanople was defending itself with about 100,000 men, but the Turks had 100,000 to 200,000 men. While battles were being held on land, the turks took over ports also. The seige lasted for 50 days, finally ending on May 29th when the people in Constantinople surrendered.