Major Events of the Catholic Church

By karin11
  • 301

    Adoption of Christianity in Armenia

    Armenia was the first country to ever adopt Christianity as its religion.
  • 313

    Edict of Milam

    A proclamation that permanently established religious toleration for Christianity within the Roman Emire. Political agreement concluded in Milan between the Roman emperors Constantine.
  • 313

    Establishment of Christianity

    The establishment of Christianity is discussed as the state religion by Emperor Constantine. The church began to make headway among the aristocracy.
  • Sep 14, 800

    Pope Crowning Charlemagne

    The pope crowned Charlemagne as emperor in order to resurrect the ancient Western Roman Empire. This caused Christianity to move from the Mediterranean area to the kingdom of the Franks to Rome.
  • Sep 14, 1054

    Great Schism

    A split within the Roman Catholic Church between the Eastern Church and the Western Church.
  • Sep 14, 1095

    First Crusade

    The first of many crusades, sent by Pop Urban II, that attempted to capture the Holy Lands. It started off as a widespread pilgrimage, but ended up as a military expedition by Roman Catholic Europe to regain the Holy Lands taken by the Muslim conquests.
  • Sep 14, 1145

    Second Crusade

    Announced by Pope Eugene III. It was the first crusade to be led by European kings: Louis VII (France) and Conrad III (Germany).
  • Sep 14, 1182

    Massacre of Latin Inhabitants

    A large-scale massacre of the Roman Catholic inhabitants of Constantinople (capital of the Byzantine Empire), by the Eastern Orthodox population of the city.
  • Sep 14, 1189

    Third Crusade

    Also known as The Kings' Crusade. It was an attempt by European leaders to reconquer the Holy Land from Saladin. The crusade was overall successful - they captured important cities. Though they failed to capture Jerusalem.
  • Sep 14, 1204

    Fourth Crusade: Sack of Constantinople

    The orginal plan was to conquer Muslim-controlled Jerusalem. However, the majority of the leaders enter into an agreement with Byzantine to divert to Constantinople.
  • Sep 14, 1309

    Papacy Moves to Avignon

    A period of time (1309-1378) when the Pope moved from Rome to Avignon (France), primarily because of the current political conditions.
  • Sep 14, 1341

    Rise of Hesychasm

  • Sep 14, 1377

    Return of the Papacy

    The papacy returns from Avigon to Rome. This lead to the Great Schism.
  • Sep 14, 1453

    Constantinople Falls to Ottoman Turks

    As the Ottoman power and territory grew, the Venetians had important trading relationships with them. Nonetheless, the Ottomon siege on Constantinople tightened and only the Venetians attempted to provide any subtantial military assistance to the Byzantines.
  • Sep 14, 1517

    Protestant Reformation

    Religious, political, intellectual and cultural upheaval that splintered Catholic Europe. It set places in structures and beliefs that would define the continent in the modern era.