Main historical facts

  • 476

    The begin of the middle ages

    The begin of the middle ages
    Odoacer's deposition of Romulus Augustus, occurring in 476 AD, was a coup that marked the end of the reign of the Western Roman Emperor last approved by the Western Roman Senate and the creation of the Kingdom of Italy, although Julius Nepos exercised control over Dalmatia until 480.
  • Period: 500 to 1400

    The musical periods

    It is the first and longest major era of Western classical music and followed by the Renaissance music; the two eras comprise what musicologists generally term as early music, preceding the common practice period. Following the traditional division of the Middle Ages, medieval music can be divided into Early (500–1150), High (1000–1300), and Late (1300–1400) medieval music.
  • Period: 500 to 1400

    The culture periods

    In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages or medieval period lasted approximately from the 5th to the late 15th centuries, similar to the post-classical period of global history. It began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire and transitioned into the Renaissance and the Age of Discovery.
  • Period: 500 to 1400

    Political timespawn of the middle ages

    The period of European history extending from about 500 to 1400–1500 ce is traditionally known as the Middle Ages. The term was first used by 15th-century scholars to designate the period between their own time and the fall of the Western Roman Empire.
  • 525

    Anno Domini calendar invented

    Anno Domini calendar invented
    The Anno Domini dating system was devised in 525 by Dionysius Exiguus to enumerate the years in his Easter table. His system was to replace the Diocletian era that had been used in an old Easter table, as he did not wish to continue the memory of a tyrant who persecuted Christians.
  • 578

    The instruments of the middle ages

    The instruments of the middle ages
    Instruments, such as the vielle, harp, psaltery, flute, shawm, bagpipe, and drums were all used during the Middle Ages to accompany dances and singing. Trumpets and horns were used by nobility, and organs, both portative (movable) and positive (stationary), appeared in the larger churches.
  • 1066

    Battle of Hastings

    Battle of Hastings
    Duke William of Normandy defeated Harold Godwinson and establishes his rule over England. A meeting between Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV and Pope Gregory VII, considered one of the most dramatic moments in the Middle Ages and in relations between church and state.
  • 1345

    Petrarch's rediscovery in the 14th century of Cicero's letters

    In 1345 Italian scholar, poet and humanist Francesco PetrarcaOffsite Link (Petrarch) discovered Cicero's LettersOffsite Link to Titus Pomponius AtticusOffsite Link in the Biblioteca Capitolare della Cattedrale di Verona.Offsite Link These letters, which Cicero wrote to his friend Atticus, brought to light elements of Cicero's private or "human" character as compared to his public persona that had been lost in the Middle Ages since the 12th century.
  • May 29, 1453

    The end of the middle ages

    The end of the middle ages
    Constantinople, the capital of the Byzantine Empire, fell to the hands of the invading Ottoman Empire on May 29, 1453. This day, many believe, marks the end of the Middle Ages and the beginning of the 15th-century Renaissance.
  • 1527

    the fall of rome

    Rome ruled a vast empire for over 1,000 years. They controlled much of Europe located around the Mediterranean including Spain, Italy, as well as Turkey, Egypt and other North African territories. However, their large empire would eventually be their downfall. Like many empires, the decline happened gradually due to many economic, social, and political problems.