Beginning of the middle agesThe Western Roman Empire fell in the year 476, beginning the Middle Ages.
Period: 476 to 507
Kingdom of TolosaThere was a lot of insecurity in the Iberian Peninsula
Creation of the universityIn the 6th century, universities started to appear: associations of teachers and students who dedicated themselves to the study of the liberal arts.
Battle of GuadaleteThe defeat was so complete that it marked the end of the Visigoth state in the Iberian Peninsula. One of the causes of the Muslim invasion in the peninsula was the instability of the Visigoth monarchy.
TrobadoursWere educated artists, poets or musicians, in some cases, from the noble families.
Eastern SchismIt was the event that, breaking the unity of what was the State Church of the Roman Empire.
Period: 1170 to 1310
Ars antiqua and Ars NovaArs Antiqua the first form of polyphony was developed: the organum.
Ars Nova,in this period, polyphonic music was perfected and became more complex in its rhythm and melodies.
FeudalismSystem of government and economic, social and political organization typical of the Middle Ages.
GiottoWas a Florentine painter, muralist, sculptor and architect of the late Middle Ages.
Lamentation over the dead Christ is a scene by the Italian painter Giotto. It was painted between 1305 and 1306.
End of the Middle AgesThe end of this period will be the fall of the Byzantine Empire and the discovery of America soon after in 1492.