God created man in his image (according to Judaism)
Contruction of the Holy Sepulchre
Work began in 326
Time of Abraham
God chooses Abraham as his servant and gives him the Promised Land. Start the 12 tribes.
Period: 500 to Jan 1, 1200
Ghana's Trading Empire
Weakened under Muslim ontrol.
Muhammed is born in Makkah and is sent to live with a nomad family.
Period: Jan 1, 600 to
Spread of Islam in Africa- Muslims settle in Kumbi.
Jan 1, 622
Muhammed and his followers went on a pilgrimage called the "Hijrah." This became the first year in the Muslim Calendar.
Nov 1, 1095
1st Crusade Launched
Pope Urban II preached a sermon at Clermont-Ferrand in France to launch the First Crusade.
Mar 24, 1145
Started in response to the fall of the County of Edessa the previous year to the forces of Jengi.
Nov 2, 1187
Saladin Retakes Jerusalem
Saladin brings his army to Jerusalem and defeats the Christian army at the Battle of Hattin, allowing him to retake the holy land.
Mar 28, 1192
Also known as the Kings' Crusade, was an attempt by European leaders to reconquer the Holy Land from Saladin. Largely successful, but unable to retake Jerusalem.
Jan 2, 1291
Massacre of Acre
The Siege of Acre resulted in the loss of the Crusader-controlled city of Acre to the Muslims
Period: Jul 27, 1299 to
The Ottoman Empire
Collapsed in 1923 due to currupt rulers and failure of modernization and reforms.
May 29, 1453
Turks Capture Constantinople
Thus ending the Eastern Roman Empire
Treaty of Gulistan
Between Imperial Russia and Persia as a result of the First Russo-Persian War.
Jews want Homeland
The Jews want a homeland where they will not be prosecuted or can practice Judaism in peace.
Anglo-Russian Convention of 1907
This agreement seemingly ended a long-standing struggle for power between Russia and Britain in Central Asia
The era where Europe Colonized much of Africa and the Middle East.
Ottoman Empire decline
WWI destroyed the Ottoman empire in 1914
The sykes-Picot Accord secretly made by the British and French diplomats was to divide up the land of the Ottoman empire.
Issued by Britain, to help establish a "national home" for Jews Palestine.
Britain Oversees The Country
At the end of WWI, Britain was put in charge of the mandate to govern Palestine in 1922 by the League of Nations.
Encouraged by the British, many Jews moved to British contolled Palestine.
British Controlled Palestine
by 1933 238,000 Jews lived in the Country.
The Holocast was started by German Nazis and killed over 6 million Jews.
When Hitler rises to power 165,000 more Jews move to the area.
US oil production
The United states produces 63% of the world's oil in 1940.
After WWII, Jews moved to Palestine to start over from the Holocaust and gained sympathy from the West.
US relationship with Iran
President Franklin Roosevelt starts providing aid to the Saudi Monarchy.
Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry
President Truman expresses his opposition and says that he wants to await and consider the report of the Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry.
British Departure Announcement
British announce they would leave Palestine within a year, turning over responsibility to the United Nations
Britain Gives Up The Mandate
Palestine is put under UN control. The UN propose that the Arabs and Jews live in economic harmony.
Partition of Palestine
Gave independence to Arab and Jewish states.
Arab League Declares Jihad on Israel
After Israel declares statehood, the Arab League declares Jihad (Holy War) against Israel. Egypt, Iraq, Syria, Saudi Arabia, and Jordan declare war and invade Israel.
The Jews like the proposal but the Arabs disagree as it was their home. The british withdrew in 1948 and the state of Israel was declared. War broke out between Israel and other Arab countries.
The Birth of Israel
The United Nations created Israel after WWI to create a homeland for Jews. The British felt sympathy for Jews after the Holocaust and wanted to give them a place.
With the creation of Israel histilities erupted immediately, culminating the Arab-Israeli War.
The fighting ends
The arab-israeli war ends.
Battle of Algiers
The Algerian War was a conflict between France and Algerian Independence movements, which led to Algeria gaining its independence from France.
Suez Canal Incident
The Suez Crisis, also referred to as the Tripartite Aggression, was a war fought by Britain, France, and Israel against Egypt.
6 Day War
Israel and Arabia fight over eachother's land. Israel wins with help from the US.
Yom Kippur War
Egypt and Syria do a surprise attack on Israel.
Camp David Accords
Signed by Sadat the egyptian and 13 days of secret negotiations for a peace treaty between Israel and Eygypt.
Saddam Hussein comes to power
Saddam Hussein became president of Iraq in 1979 and ordered the execution of many of his rivals.
Iraq invades Iran
Iraq invaded Iran in 1980 after a territorial dispute intensified longstanding tensions. The 8 year war killed thousands and ended in a stalemate.
Killing of Shi'i Muslims
Saddam Hussein kills 148 Shi'i Muslims. This later gets him sentenced to death.
Israel launches a big attack to destroy all military bases of the Palestene Liberation Organization.
An individual was stabbed to death while shoppinh in Gaza and some more killing happened. Rmors said this was an Israeli act of revenge. This sparked a wave of threats between West Bank and Gaza, Jerusalem.
1st Gulf War
A U.N.-authorized coalition force from 34 nations led by the United States against Iraq, Also been referred to as the Mother of All Battles, and Operation Desert Storm.
Iraq invades Kuwait
Saddam Hussein ordered the invasion of Kuwait in 1990 even after the help from the United States druing the war with Iran. The Persian Gulf War followed, and a U.S.-led military coalition forced Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait in February 1991.
Agreements signed in Washington. Main idea was for Israel to withdraw from territories of Jedea, Samaria, and the Gaza Strip to create Palestinian Authority for self-government for a short amount of time until arrangements were made.
Invasion of Iraq
The British and United States invade Iraq after another weapons inspection in 2002 and 2003. Iraq had failed to get rid of all weapons of mass destruction.
Operation Iraqi Freedom
The Iraq War or War on Iraq, also referred to as the second Gulf War or Operation Iraqi Freedom, was a multinational invasion of Iraq.
Death of Saddam Hussein
Iraqi court sentances Saddam Hussein to death after finding him guilty of crimes against humanity in 1982.
Death of Saddam Hussein
an Iraqi court sentences Saddam Hussein to death after finding him guilty of crimes against humanity.
Withdrawl from Iraq
President Obama announces that U.S. troops would leave the country by the end of 2011.
The countries are still at war after ver 50 years.
The Ten Commandments
Using the 10 plagues- Moses goes to Sinai and recieves the 10 Commandments
The Hebrews are exiled
Muhammed went to a cave to pray and recieved a message from God. This started Islam.
Dome of the Rock
Built in Jerusalem on the remains of the Jewish temple
Slavery in Egypt
The descendants of Abraham put into slavery in Egypt for 430 years. Moses saves his people from Egypt. "Oh Lord let my people go"