When French and the British representatives, secretly divided up Arab lands under the rule of the Ottoman Empire, in order to create a Jewish homeland. Known as the Sykes-Picot agreement.
The Balfour Declarations
The British Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour writes a letter to Britain’s most illustrious Jewish citizen, Baron Lionel Walter Rothschild, expressing the British government’s support for a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
The British Mandate
During this time, the idea of British rule, the organization and creation of a plan for British rule, and the eventual approval by the League of Nations, for British rule was established. This all backed the Zionist idea, of a Jewish state.
Protest, against the jewish immigration to palestine
After the death of Sheikh Izz ad-Din al-Qassam in 1935, Hajj Mohammad Amin al-Husayni declares the day 'Palestine Day' and calls for a General Strike.
The first of many mass immigration of Jews to Palestine, the homeland
In part this immigration came from the growing Nazi movement.
The death of Sheikh Izz ad-Din al-Qassam
He was a prominent leader in the muslim community. His death, at the hands of the British, sparked more revolt and even a strike. He became a martyr, and given the so flammable environment at the time a spark was all that was needed.
Arab Strike, part I
Arab Revolt in Palestine against British Mandate, was another in a long line of protests. More violent representations of the strike became in the form of terrorist attacks
Irgun, the start of a Zionists terrorist organization
Many attacks of Jews or Zionists minded people, began to carry out attacks. Their death toll is high and they choice important targets, usually in the community.
Arab Revolt, part II
In this second phase, clashes with the British forces became much more severe, as did the attacks on Jewish settlement. These clashes came more from the discontented Arab people. But no sooner had this revolt died down that another outrage sprang up again.
British hands over the Jew vs Arab debate to the UN
Britain having conflicting obligations to both Jews and Arabs, gave the matter of Palestine over to be decided by the UN. Palestine by then remained the only one of the formerly Mandated Territories not to become an independent state.
UN Resolution 181, refused by Palestine
The resolution proposed by the United Nations General Assembly, called for the partition of Palestine into Arab and Jewish states, with the city of Jerusalem as a corpus separatum, to be governed by a special international regime. Palestine seeing the plan as more western control refused the agreement.
UN reaches Palestine decision
In a 33 to 13 vote, passed the partition, to create western Palestine into two states. The west for the Jews and eastern parts, near Jerusalem, would be an Arab state.
The Palestinian Village of Deir Yassin is attacked by Jewish forces
That offensive was important, since it marked the first time Jewish forces fought with the goal of permanently ridding an area of Arab villages. A purge, so to say.
Israel Declares Its Independence, despite Palestine objecting
After the plan was laid out by the UN, Israel accepts. Palestine and many of its Arab residents see the decision as more western forced agenda and does not accept.
First Arab-Israeli War
This first war would act as the start of a snowball effect.
UN established Resolution 194
This speaks to the Palestine refugees, of a religions that were displaced after the war
The Armistice Agreements
The agreement was a postwar understanding between Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan, Syria and of course Israel and Palestine, of the territorial status quo, signed by all. This is also where the Green Line, became a boarder rather than a ceasefire line.
The 6 Day War
A short lived battle, with a very obvious winner in Israel. The UN talked through a ceasefire. During this invasion Israel took large portions of land.
UN Resolution 242
The United Nation spoke to Israel to say it, must relinquish the territory it had gained during the 6 Day war.
The of Attrition with Egypt
Small battles as an aftermath of the 6 day war. Who would keep what? However the fight fueled the other social discontentments.
More hostility with the Black September
The kidnapping and assassination of the members of the Israeli Olympic team, by a Palestinian terrorist organization. Of course retaliation from Israel, came in small attacks.
War of 1973 or "Yom Kippur War"
This war was in many ways, the continuation of War of Attrition. And like a the current hostilities, fueled by the last violent act, only to fuel the next.
UN Passes Resolution Calling Zionism a Form of Racism
Israel and Egypt reach peace agreement
The Camp David Accords, signed by Egyptian President Anwar El Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem, followed twelve days of secret negotiations at Camp David. The two framework agreements were signed at the White House, and were witnessed by United States President Jimmy Carter.