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Israel and Palestine: Paarangat

By pazzag
  • Period: 1516 to

    Palestine and the Ottoman Empire

    Palestine was under the control of the Ottoman Empire prior to WWI.
  • The McMahon‐Hussein Correspondence

    The McMahon‐Hussein Correspondence
    This was a series of letters by the British which promised that, in turn for fighting for them against the Ottoman empire, after WWI the Arabs (which included Palestinians) would be promised back their land from the Turks.
  • The Sykes‐Picot agreement

    The Sykes‐Picot agreement
    After WWI, the lands that had belonged to the Ottoman empire were now under the control of the British and the French. This agreement of them was called the Skyes-Picot agreement
  • Balfour Declaration of 1917

    Balfour Declaration of 1917
    The Mc-Mahon Hussein Agreement directly contradicted the Balfour Declaration of 1917, within which Britain committed to supporting the creation of Jewish state in Middle East.
  • Result of WW1 - Britian gets control of Palestine's area

    Result of WW1 - Britian gets control of Palestine's area
    As a result of WW-I, the Brits had gained control over the area of Palestine from the Ottoman Empire. This led to the birth of British-Mandated Palestine.
  • Period: to

    Britian governs over

    Britian governs over the Jews and Arabs living within the territory of British-Mandate Palestine
  • Britian gives control to Emir Abdullah

    Britian gives the area of the British-mandate Palestine that was east of the Jordan river to Emir Abdullah, which formed the Hashemite Kingdom of TransJordan. The area lead to the formation of Jordan
  • Jaffa riots

    Jaffa riots
    The Jaffa riots were a series of violent riots in British-Mandate Palestine within which Arabs and Jews attacked against each other, which lead to several civilian casualties.
  • Second major intercommunal violence

    Second major intercommunal violence
    The second major intercommunal violence erupted in Jerusalem, spreading throughout the British-mandate Palestine. Particularly in Hebron, where 67 Jews were killed.
  • Nazis come to power

    Nazis come to power
    The Nazis come to power in 1933 and they start to afflict the current state of Palestine, as more Jews arrive to Palestine.
  • Period: to

    Response of the Arabs

    In response of the killing of Sheikh Izz al-Qassam by the British, Arabs living in the British-Mandated territory began "rioting" against them causing intercommunal violence and shipments of illegal arms.
  • 1947 United Nations partition plan

    1947 United Nations partition plan
    In the aftermath of the Holocaust (the massacre and torturing of Jews by the Nazis) many throughout the world became sympathetic towards the Jews, which led to more love for the cause of Zionism, the Jews having their own independent state. Hence, they suggested the proposition of British-mandate Palestine having two separate areas for the Arabs and the Jews. Fighting soon breaks out thereafter, as all surrounding Arab states disagreed with the plan
  • The war with whom many Palestinians were left homeless

    The war with whom many Palestinians were left homeless
    The war known as the "Al-Nakbah" by the Palestinians was a defining moment as 700,000 Palestinians were forced to flee or are driven from their land. Israel usurps control over large tracts of land and destroys five hundred Palestinian villages.
  • Establishment of Israel

    Establishment of Israel
    The political ideology of Zionism emerged around the 19th Century, based around the belief that Jews should have their own Jewish State. The Zionist movement of the Jews was successfully given a purpose as it rose amongst European supporters in the early 20th century until it eventually gained their own state, Israel in 1948
  • Resolution 194 was passed.

    Resolution 194 was passed.
    The UN general assembly passes resolution 194, which states that Palestinians who wish to return to their homes should be permitted to do so, with those who do not wish that should be compensated by the Israeli governments.
  • Gaza came under Egyptian control

    Gaza came under Egyptian control
    The Gaza Strip came under Egyptian control and the West Bank state under the Jordan control, following the damages of the 1948 war.
  • The big meeting.

    The big meeting.
    Following the decision of the Arab League, 422 Palestinian national figures meet up in Jerusalem under the chairmanship of Ahmad Shuqeiri, who founded the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and laid down the structure of the Palestine National Council (PNC), along with the PLO Executive Committee, the Palestine Liberation Army (PLA), and the National Fund. The meeting had also approved a Palestinian national covenant and basic law.
  • 1967 Six‐Day War

    1967 Six‐Day War
    On the June of 1967, Israel fought a war with Egypt, Jordan and Syria for 6 days. In this war, Israel captured the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula (returned in 1979) from Egypt, East Jerusalem, the West Bank from Jordan, and Golan Heights from Syria. Through this war more than 500,000 Palestinians were displaced.
  • Aftermaths of the war

    Aftermaths of the war
    This led to the calling out of the international who said that Israel has international law as they begun establishing civilian communities built on lands occupied by Israel during this war. The settlements in West Bank were believed to be in violation of international law.
  • October War

    October War
    The October War was a surprise attack by Egypt and Syria on Israeli forces within the Sinai Peninsula and the Godan Heights. This war lasted until
  • Period: to

    First Intifada

    The Palestinian mass uprising also known as the intifada began in 1987 in protest the Israeli detentions, extrajudicial killings, and home demolitions of innocent civilians. In the first 13 months of the Intifada, 332 Palestinians (53 under the age of 17) along with 12 Israelis were killed.
  • Water issues become the saviour

    Water issues became a negotiation factor between the Palestinians and Israelis.
  • Oslo accord of 1993

    Oslo accord of 1993
    The Oslo accord of 1993 was a turning point in the relations of the Israelis and Arabs as the Palestine Liberation organization recognised the state of Israel and renounced terrorism and Israel recognised the PLO as the representative of the Palestinian people.
  • Second Peace Agreement

    Second Peace Agreement
    A second significant agreement regarding this scenario also known as the Oslo II accord was signed in Washington DC.
  • Israeli gunman was assasinated

    Israeli gunman was assasinated
    In 1995 a right-wing Israeli gunman assassinated the prime minister of Israel Yithak Rabin.
  • Hamas suicide bombing

    Hamas suicide bombing
    A series of Hamas suicide bomb attacks kill 57 Israelis, which resulted in the suspension of negotiations in Syria.
  • Start of second intifada

    Start of second intifada
    The second intifada stared in September 2000 when the Israeli opposition leader, Ariel Sharon, made a visit to the temple Mount, which was seen as a highly provocative move by the Palsetinians.
  • Failure is reached

    Failure is reached
    President Bill Clinton's efforts of achieving a final status agreement with the Israelis and the Palestinians end up in failure at Camp David, with both sides blaming each other for intransigence.
  • Israel starts building second barrier

    Israel starts building second barrier
    Since 2002, Israel begun to develop a 700km separation wall around West Bank, under the claim that they built it for security purposes
  • Arafat dies in Paris

    The Palestinian prime minister Arafat died in Paris owing to illness
  • Ending of the second intifada

    Ending of the second intifada
    The second intifada ended on the February of 2005, with both the military and civilian toll being estimated to about 3,000 Palestinians and 1,000 Israelis.
  • Israel withdraws settlements from Gaza

    Israel withdraws settlements from Gaza
    Israel withdraws settlements from Gaza in 2005, however it continued to exist under Israeli occupation as Israel still maintained: control on entering and exiting Gaza, total control of Gaza's airspace, control of supply of essential products/services such as water along with food, collecting taxes which are given to Gaza's authorities, and controlling the population registry of the Gaza Strip.
  • Blockade of Gaza

    Blockade of Gaza
    Israel maintained full control of the Gaza Strip's military blockade since 2007, after Hamas took power within Gaza in 2006.
  • Gaza War ends

    Gaza War ends
    The Gaza War was a three-week armed conflict between the Palestinians in the Gaza Strip and Israel from the 27th of December 2008 till the 18th of January 2009. This involved air strikes and ground invasions by Israeli troops. This led to the death of 1,400 Palestinians and 13 Israelis.
  • UNSC declares Palestinians to be a non-member state

    UNSC declares Palestinians to be a non-member state
    UNSC declares Palestinians to be a non-member observing state, further making all Israeli settlements illegal.
  • Israel-Gaza conflict

    Israel-Gaza conflict
    A seven-week Israeli military operation from July 2014 to August 2014 within the Strip of Gaza, led to the deaths of 2,200 Palestine civilians, in which 65 percent were civillians.
  • 2018 Gaza Border Protests

    2018 Gaza Border Protests
    Since March 2018 Palestinians from Gaza have protested along the fence with Israelis demanding their rights to return to the very homes and land their families were expelled from 70 years ago.