Ancient and Modern Holy Land

  • 100

    Judaism Created

    Judaism Created
    Judaism was the first monotheistic religion created and it was created in 1500 B.C. sacred text is Torah, name of clergy is Rabbi, day of worship is Saturday, place it was founded is Palestine, Their founder is Moses and their original langueage is Hebrew.
  • 100

    Persian Empire

    Persian Empire
    Was a polyteistic empire that lasted from 550-330 B.C. and then the Zoroastrianism (the new religion) greatly affected by this because it brought about the strugle between good annd evil.
  • 100

    Hellenistic Period

    Hellenistic Period
    Changed the way Jews looked at the afterlife.Prior they thought they died along with thier resembelance to god but after they believed immortality of their soula and would either go to Heaven or hell( lasted from 323-31 B.C.)
  • 100

    Hasmonean Period

    Hasmonean Period
    Lasted from 142-63 B.C. the Maccabee family ruled during this period, and during this time a branch from judaism broke of and believed their was no punishment or reward in the afterlife.
  • 100

    Christianity created

    Christianity created
    Christianity was created in 33 A.D. Thier sacred text is Bible, name of clergy is Priest, day of worship is Sunday, place it was founded is Jerlusalum, Their founder is Jesus and their original langueage is Greek.
  • 100

    Roman Empire

    Roman Empire
    Started in 27 Bc and went to 467 AD. Jews tried to rebell against the Romans and as a result the Romans destroied a jewish temple in Jerusalem
  • 330

    Byzantine empire

    Byzantine empire
    A roman Emperor declared Byzantine as the offical capitl and later Christianity was named the official religion. This had a huge affact on Orthodox Church
  • Jan 1, 622

    Islam created

    Islam created
    Islam was created in 622 A.D. Thier sacred text is Quran, name of clergy is Imams, day of worship is Friday, place it was founded is Mecca, Their founder is Muhammad and their original langueage is Arabic.
  • Jan 1, 638

    Muslim Period

    Muslim Period
    Palistine became part of the Muslim Empire in 638 and they were happy to gain Jerusalem back because it contained the the Temple of mount Maria. this was just after the Muslim religion existed.
  • Jul 1, 1099

    Crusaders

    Crusaders
    The Crusades were series of military "explorations" but were used to see the advancements of muslims and were brouhgt about by the Roman Cathlic Church. Some see this as a pure defenseive move to stop the Muslim expansion.
  • Sep 1, 1255

    Mamluk period

    Mamluk period
    Took place mainly in Egypt and were Muslim rulers. Mamluk traslate into "property or owned slave"
  • Nov 2, 1299

    Ottoman Empire

    Ottoman Empire
    The government allowed relative freedom as long as you payed taxes to Constantinople which included religion. Jews lived peacefully with thier Muslim Arab nieghboors.
  • Brittish Rule

    Brittish Rule
    The British rule was more relaxed with religion like in India they weren't froced to be a certqain religion although most people in Britain were Christians many places they ruled were not.
  • Balfour Declaration

    Balfour Declaration
    The Balfour Declaration was stated that if British won WWi they will give Jews Palenstine. Zionist approved of this and wanted Palenstine to be the home of the Jews while The Arabs in the Middle East greatly disaproved and rejected the idea of it.
  • Palestine Becomes British Mandate

    Palestine Becomes British Mandate
    After WWi Britain was given Mandate of Palestine and divided it into seperate parts; one for the Jews and on for the Muslim Arabs.During WWii they were scared because the persecution of the Jews and withdrew fro Palestine. The U.N. later made Palestine into Israel.
  • Holocaust

    Holocaust
    The Holocaust was led my a man named Hitler and it was a mass murder/persecution of Jews. The group that help lead this was called the Nazis. And because of this genocide many jews fled to palenstine which led to the creation of Israel and the many problems in the Middle East.
  • Six Day War

    Six Day War
    The Six Day War is when Israel Seized the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt, Golan Heights from Syria, and the West Bank and Eastern Jerusalem from Jordan. with the help of the U.S.
  • Arab Oil Embargo

    Arab Oil Embargo
    The Arab Oil Embargo was a direct result of the U.S. aiding Israel in the past four wars between Israels and the Arabs. They did this because they knew most of the Oil the U.S. got was obtained in the Middle East. So the U.S. either had to change their lifestyle or find alternative sourses.
  • Yom Kippur War

    Yom Kippur War
    The Yom Kippur War was fought on the holy day for Jews and was during the holy month for Muslims. This is when Egypt and Syria attacked Israel to regain land lost in the Six Day War, but the U.S. aided Israel and thats why Israel won.
  • Alaskan Pipeline

    Alaskan Pipeline
    The alaskan pipeline was built because of the oil crisis during the Arab oil embargo. So an alterative sourse was needed and the Alaskan Pipeline is now one of the largest in the world
  • Jimmy Carter Becomes President

    Jimmy Carter Becomes President
    Jimmy Carter was President for only one term but was apart of Salt 2 and the Camp David Accords dealing with Israel and Egypt.
  • Camp David Accords

    Camp David Accords
    This event was between the U.S., Egypt, and Israel and it was a peace agreement and egypt obtained some land that they lost during previos wars.
  • Iran Hostage Crisis

    Iran Hostage Crisis
    A group of Iranian students who supported the Iranian revolution over ran the U.S. Embassy in Tehran. And the hostages were held there for 444 days and a few wars happened because of this like the Iran Iraq war in which the U.S. aided Iraq.
  • Soviets Invade Afghanistan

    Soviets Invade Afghanistan
    This was a war that was part of the Cold War and when Soviets led Afghan troops into battle against the Mujahideen which mostly middle Eastern Muslims that were backed by many Nations and in which the U.S. backed them up to try and fix our relationship with them.
  • Ronald Reagen Becomes President

    Ronald Reagen Becomes President
    Ronald Reagen served 2 terms as President and his main contributions to the middle east were when Soviets invaded Afghanistan, Iran-Iraq War, and the Iran Contra Affair.
  • George H.W. Bush Becomes President

    George H.W. Bush Becomes President
    George H.W. Bush served 1 term and in which he delt with Iraq invading Kuwait in 1990, the 1991 Madrid Peace Conferance, the hostage crisis and the Gulf war.
  • Desert Storm

    Desert Storm
    Was an operation held by the U.S. against Iraq during the Persian Gulf War. Which was started when Kuwait was invaded by Iraq and Kuwait is a major oil contributor to the U.S.
  • Bill Clinton Becomes President

    Bill Clinton Becomes President
    Bill Clinton served 2 terms as president. He had to deal with the WTC bombings in 1993 and the Embassy bombings in 1998, and even helped with the Israeli–Palestinian Peace in the Middle East.
  • World Trade Center 1993

    World Trade Center 1993
    There was a bombing in the World Trade Center in 1993 when a truck bomb was intended to blow out the supports in the north tower and to fall onto the second tower. This failed to happen but 6 people died and more than 1000 people were also injured. This was carried out to be Al-Qaeda frokm the middle east.
  • Centrazbat

    Centrazbat
    This is an exerice done by many paratroopers in 1997 and by many countries. It was to help them learn about other countries tactics and these were preformed in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan.
  • Embassy Bombing in Kenya

    Embassy Bombing in Kenya
    This was multiple truck bombings at U.S. embassys and this marked the 8th aniversery of when U.S. troops invaded Saudia Arabia. This is also the First time Al-Queda was brought to American attention. This was just one of many cities that were bombed.
  • Embassy Bombing in Tanzania

    Embassy Bombing in Tanzania
    This was multiple truck bombings at U.S. embassys and this marked the 8th aniversery of when U.S. troops invaded Saudia Arabia. This is also the First time Al-Queda was brought to American attention. This was just one of many cities that were bombed. This was part of that bombing that was also in Kenya.
  • U.S.S.Cole

    U.S.S.Cole
    Was bombed in a suicide attack by Al-Qaeda and this was a U.S. Navy guided-missile Destroyer. this happened while it was docked in Yemen for a refueling. 17 men were killed and another 39 were injured
  • Iraq 2001-Present

    Iraq 2001-Present
    Ever since 9-11 Iraq has been a major spot for the Al-Qaeda along with the rest of the middle east and our views on Iraq has never been the same. Including the War in 2003 and the civil war later on a lot has gone on in Iraq
  • George W. Bush Becomes President

    George W. Bush Becomes President
    George W. Bush was President for 2 terms and the major crisis during his terms was 9-11 when 4 planes were hijacked and flown into buildings and also the war on Iraq.
  • World Trade Center

    World Trade Center
    The World Trade Center was attacked along with the Pentagon when 4 planes were hijacked by Al-Queda members who were on a suicide mission and 3/4 of the planes hijacks worked but on the 4th the passengers overtook the plane back and crashed into a field. Osama bin Laden is the leader of the Islamic group Al-Queda in the middle East.