Modern Holy Timeline

  • Balfour Declaration

    Balfour Declaration
    Declaration from the British foreign secretary that recognized the establishment of a Jewish state in the Middle East. It said that Great Britain would support the emigration of the Jewish community to Palestine. It also said they would have their own area of land.
  • Palastine becomes British Mandate

    Palastine becomes British Mandate
    The mandate recognized the historical connection of the Jewish people to Palestine. Palestine was split into an area for a Jewish national home , one part Arab and the the other half was to be Transjordan which was governed by Britain. During the 1930's, more european Jews immagrated to Palestine because of Nazi persecution. In 1945 British were ready to withdrawl from Palastine and they turned control over to the U.N.
  • Holocaust

    The Holocaust was the result of harsh anti-semitism in European countries. Anti-semitism also caused the Zionist movement which was the movement of Jewish people back to Palestine. In this way the Holocaust and World War II actually caused the Jewish people to move back to the holy land.
  • 6 Day War

    6 Day War
    The Six-Day War was fought between June 5th and June 10th. The Israelis defended the war as a military effort to counter what the Israelis saw as an impending attack by Arab nations that surrounded Israel. The war was against Syria, Jordan and Egypt. Israel believed that it was only a matter of time before the three Arab states co-ordinated a massive attack on Israel.
  • Yom Kippur War

    Yom Kippur War
    Yom Kippur was fought between october 6-25 1973, during the month of Ramadan. Egypt and Syria attacked isreal to regain land lost in the 6 day war. The U.S. aids/ aided isreal and isreal won.
  • Arab Oil Embargo

    Arab Oil Embargo
    The arab oil embargo was a straight result of the U.S. being involved in/and supporting Isreal. Us, the U.S. had 2 options... 1) change lifestyle. 2) find alternative sources, which led to the Alaska Pipeline.
  • Jimmy Carter becomes president

    Jimmy Carter becomes president
    Jimmy Carter was president during the invasion of Afghanistan by the Soviet Union. He also was president during the Iran Hostage Crisis and made sveral attempts at peace with the Middle East. President Carter was the one who met with Israel and Egypt at Camp David to make peaceful ammends between the two.
  • Camp David Accords

    Camp David Accords
    was the result of 14 months of diplomatic efforts by Egypt, Isreal, an the United States. The efforts initially focoused on a comprehensive resolution of disputes between Isreal and the Arabian countries, eventually led into a search for a bilateral agreement bewteen Isreal and Egypt. Egypt recognized Israel's right to exist independently and Israel agreed to return Sindi Penninsula to Egypt. The both promised to have peaceful relations after this meeting.
  • Iran Hostage Crisis

    Iran Hostage Crisis
    Diplomatic crisis between Iran and the U.S. 52 American diplomates and citizens were held hostage for 444 days, after a group of Iranian students took over the U.S embassy in Tehran. Hostages were only suppose to be held for a short period, but after gaining support from the people and government they kept them for over a year. President Carter offered economic sanction and sent out Operation Eagle Claw which failed. When Carter's term ended the people of Iran agreed to give back the hostages.
  • Soviets Invade Afghanistan

    Soviets Invade Afghanistan
    Soviets invade Afghanistan to ensure that there would not be a revolution. However, Reagan began training the Afghans to defend themselves. Soviets lose and US send troops into Afghanistan to help recreate their government system.
  • Ronald Reagan

    Ronald Reagan
    Ronald Reagan was president when the Iran hostages were brought back to America. He made many attempts at peace with the Middle East while in office and came up with the Reagan Doctrine as an anti-communist resistance.
  • George H. W. Bush Becomes president

    George H. W. Bush Becomes president
    The George H W Bush administeation's poilcy was shaped largely by three things... 1) Kuwait... The U.S. strategic priority after Iraq’s invasion was liberating Kuwait and making sure that Saddam Hussein could not dominate the oil-rich region. 2)Madrid Peace Conference... the first face-to-face meeting between Israeli and Arab authorities,was an accomplishment for U.S. foreign policy.
    3)Irans failure to bring about the release of american hostages held in Lebbanon until mid 1991.
  • Desert Storm

    Desert Storm
    The United States participated in the defense of Saudi Arabia known as Operation Desert Shield. Over 500,000 American troops were placed in Saudi Arabia in case of an Iraqi attack on the Saudis. . Iraq was an ally of the Soviet Union.
  • Bill Clinton Becomes President

    Bill Clinton Becomes President
    President Clinton was deeply involved in the Middle East peace process to negotiate peace agreements between Israel and the Palestinians, as well as with the governments of Egypt, Jordan, Syria and Lebanon. President Clinton arranged for the peace accord to be signed at the White House on September 13, 1993. The agreement allowed a limited Palestinian self-rule in the Israeli-occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip.
  • World trade center 1993

    World trade center 1993
    On February 26, 1993 a truck bomb detonated below the North Tower of the World Trade Center in NYC. The bomb was intended to kill thousands, and bring down both towers. Only 6 people died, by a little over a thousand were injured.
    Ramzi Yousef directed the organization and execution of the bombing. He said he did it to avenge the sufferings Palestinian people had endured at the hands of U.S.-aided Israel.
  • Centrazbet

    Military exercise including Turkey, US and Russia. The purpose was to strenghten the ties with the central asian states for military purposes. NATO helped create and fund Centrazbat so when NATO stopped funding the program it ceased to exist. However, the countries involved continued peacekeeping forces also known aas CSTO.
  • Embassy bombing in Kenya

    Embassy bombing in Kenya
    A mass killing planned by Al Qaeda where a truck bomb bombed the US Embassies and killed hundreds. Osama Bin Laden led Al Qaeda and this put him in the Top Ten Most Wanted with the FBI. This was the first time Al Qaeda was brought to America's attention as a large threat. The date of the bombing marked the eigth anniversary of the arrival of American forces in Saudi arabia. The bombings were believed to have been revenge.
  • Embassy Bombing in Tanzania

    Embassy Bombing in Tanzania
    The U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania were bombed by terrorists, truck bombings, leaving 258 people dead and more than 5,000 injured. The date of the injuries, August 8th was marked the 8th anniversary of the arrival of american forces in Saudi Arabia. The attacks were linked to Osama Bin Laden and Ayman al-Zawahiri and their terrorist group al-Qaeda to the attention of the american public for the first timeand the FBI placing bin laden on its top 10 most wanted fugitives.
  • U.S.S. Cole

    U.S.S. Cole
    The USS Cole bombing was a suicide attack against the USS Cole on October 12, 2000, while it was harbored and being refueled in the Yemeni port of Aden. 17 American sailors were killed, and 39 were injured. This was the deadliest attack against a US Naval vessel since 1987. The terrorist organization al-Qaeda claimed responsibility for the attack.
  • George W. Bush becomes president

    George W. Bush becomes president
    George W. Bush was president during important events in US history. He was president when the World Trade Center was bombed for the second time and destoyed. He had to make decisons as to how to deal with the new issues of terrorism and how to solve issues with the Middle East over all.
  • World trade Center 2001

    World trade Center 2001
    Two airplanes crashed into the World Trade Center that were later discovered to be part of Al Qeada. Al Queda was lead by Osama Bin Laden and was a group of Mujihadeen that wanted to get rid of all non-muslim people after the Soviets were removed from Afghanistan. They crashed the planes into the World Trade Center killing nearly 3,000 people and wounding around 10,000.
  • Iraq 2001-Present

    Iraq 2001-Present
    The war in afghanistan refers to the intervention by NATO and allied forces in the ongoing Afghan civil war. The war followed the September 11 attacks, and it aims were to take down al-Qaeda and denying it a safe basis of operation in Afghanistan by removing the Taliban from power. The Taliban is, an Islamic fundamentalist political movement in Afghanistan. It spread throughout Afghan and formed a government.
  • Alaskan Pipeline

    Alaskan Pipeline
    On April 29, 1974, construction begins for the Trans-Alaska Pipeline, which will transport oil from the North Slope of Alaska 800 miles to the tanker terminal at Valdez.. More than 70,000 construction workers will pass through Seattle enroute to and returning from Alaska. The Alaska pipeline was a result of change in lifestyle and alternative from the Arab oil embargo.