Cold War By Sera ANN Mar 22, 1945 The Arab Leage A group of Arab member states formed in 1945 with British support. Sep 1, 1945 Dividing Korea North and South Korea divide. Sep 2, 1945 WWII Ends September 2, 1945 The Axis powers( Germany, Japan..) finally surrender. Nov 6, 1946 Creation of the Iron Curtain Winston Churchill made a speech about the Iron Curtain in America. Mar 12, 1947 Truman Doctrine President Harry S. Truman pledged to contain Soviet threat towards Greece and Turkey. Nov 29, 1947 Partition The UN approved a plan for partition of the British Mandate for Palistene. Apr 3, 1948 Marshall Plan This was a plan from america, to help and aid Western Europe(Non- communist) so that they could stop the spread of communism. May 14, 1948 Jews celebrate Jews from the city of Tel Aviv celebrate the proclamation of the new state, Israel. May 14, 1948 Britain ended it's Palestine Mandate Britain ended it's Palestine Mandate and left and Israel became an independent state. May 15, 1948 Arab Israeli Conflict Palestinian Arabs and Jews both call Israel the land of ancestral home. Arabs didn't like that they got larger when they migrated to Palestine so the conflict began. Jan 26, 1949 Israel won Israel won a decisive victory. Apr 4, 1949 Formation of NATO A formation of a full fledged military alliance that is against communism. Jun 25, 1950 Korean War Starts North Korea invaded South Korea with the soviets help. Jun 27, 1950 US helps Korea Truman sends air and naval support for South Korea. Nov 4, 1950 China and USSR join China and USSR join fight in the Korean war on the North Koreans side. Apr 21, 1951 Mohammed Mossadeq The outspoken nationalist leader Mohammed Mossadeq was appointed premier, taking power from the shah of Iran. Jul 23, 1952 Nasser helped lead Nasser helped to lead a military coup that toppled the government. Jul 27, 1953 Korean war Ends They signed a peace treaty and the war ended. Period: Nov 1, 1955 to Apr 30, 1975 Vietnam War North Vietnam( with USSR and China) and South Vietnam( with US and Philippines) are fighting. Jul 26, 1956 Suez Canal Nasser nationalized the Suez Canal. Oct 26, 1956 Suez Canal President Nasser seized the Suez Canal from Britain and France. This created tension in the regions. Oct 4, 1957 Space race ( Soviets win ) The Soviets and the U.S had a race of who could launch the first satellite and the soviets won. ( Sputnik 1) Feb 21, 1958 UAR Syria joined with Egypt to form a new state, the UAR( United Arab Republic). Sep 10, 1960 OPEC Major oil producers formed the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).And the first five members of OPEC were Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela. Jul 20, 1961 Space race ( U.S ) The U.S launched a rocket to the moon and landed the first man on the moon.( Neil Armstrong ) Sep 28, 1961 Syria pulled out of UAR Syria pulled out of UAR and the union collapsed. Jan 1, 1962 Egypt Nasser sends troops to Yemen to fight in the civil war. Period: Oct 16, 1962 to Oct 28, 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis USSR was bombing the US from Cuba and then US was bombing USSR From Cuba. Cuba didn't like it so the president and the Us president agreed to stop. Jun 5, 1967 Six Day War Israel defeated Arab forces and occupied territory, 1982 the Israelis return the SinaiPeninsula of Egypt. Sep 28, 1970 Nasser dies Nasser dies from a heart attack. Oct 6, 1973 Egypt and Syria Egypt and Syria launched the fourth Arab-Israeli war. Feb 26, 1977 Sadat stunned everyone Sadat stunned the world by visiting Jerusalem and speaking before the Israeli parliament. Jan 16, 1979 Celebration in Iran The shah left Iran to the US for medical treatments and never returned. Millions of Iranians flooded the streets in joyous celebration. Jul 16, 1979 Saddam Hussein Saddam Hussein became president of Iraq. Dec 7, 1980 Iraqi uprising Iraqi leaders, fearing that the Iranian Revolution might spark a Shi’a uprising in their own country. And it went on for eight more years. Oct 6, 1981 Sadat Gets Assinated In 1981, Anwar Sadat gets assassinated when he was watching a parade when a men jumped out of a truck and opened fire on him. Jun 6, 1982 Israel invades Leanon Israel invades Lebanon during the middle of a civil war to strike at PLO bases. Dec 9, 1987 Intifada Intifada, a Palestinian terrorist group known as Hamas was established. Aug 2, 1990 Iraq invaded Kuwait Iraq invaded the small Persian Gulf nation of Kuwait and quickly captured its capital, Kuwait City. Period: Aug 2, 1990 to Feb 28, 1991 Persian Gulf War It started from an attack in Iran and it's forces in Kuwait and then the ground war began. Jan 15, 1991 Iraq is out of Kuwait A coalition of forces led by the United States drove the Iraqi army out of Kuwait. Jan 15, 1991 Saddam Hussein Refuses Saddam Hussein was given a deadline to withdraw from Kuwait, but he refused. Sep 13, 1993 Oslo Accords Secret negotiations between Israel and the PLO in Oslo, Norway, produced the Oslo Accords. Nov 4, 1995 Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin Dies 1995, Yitzhak was attending a peace rally when a man pulled out a gun and shot him in the back. Sep 28, 2000 The second Intifada Violence increased in 2000, and was known as the second Intifada.