1972 Munich Massacre

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In History
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    British Mandate of Palestine

    Mandatory Palestine, was a geopolitics entity under British administration, carved out of Ottoman Southern Syria after World War I. British civil administration in Palestine operated from 1920 until 1948. This administration was formalised with the League of Nations' consent in 1923 under the British Mandate for Palestine which covered two administrative areas.
  • United Nations Vote to Partition Palestine

    The British Government who controlled Palestine withdrew from the country, turning the argument between the Zionists and the Palestinians over to the United Nation (UN). The UN proposed splitting the land into different Jewish and Palestinian states. The Jewish representatives on the committee were in favor of the idea, while the Palestinian representatives were opposed. On November 29th, 1947, 33 countries in the UN voted, and it was concluded that Palestine would be partitioned.
  • Origins of Conflict

    The conflict begins in 1947, when Great Britain decides to abandon Palestina, where there were already conflicts between local residents and those Jews who had been settling there in the hope of creating a "national home". Britain leaves the problem in the hands of the ONU, who aproved a plan where the territory would be divided in two zones: one Israeli and one Palestinian.
  • Independence of Israel (Continued)

    people of Palestine. A war for the land once known as Palestine continued for most of the 1984. When the tensions died down at the end of the year, Israel occupied three quarters of Palestine. The remainder of Palestine, the West Bank, on the western edge of the country was given to Jordan, and the Gaza strip in the south eastern part of the country was occupied by Egypt. Thousands of Palestinians became refugees in their own country and were forced to move into camps in Lebanon and Egypt.
  • The Independence of Israel

    The UN divided Palestine to make an independent state of Israel in addition to the state of Palestine. The new state of Israel was the first Jewish state in two thousand years. Within hours of the declaration of the new state, Arabs from Palestine invaded the new state of Israel. A war broke out in which Palestine was supported by five countries in the Arab League; Jordan, Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, and Iraq. All of these countries believed that the partition of Palestine was unfair - Continued
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    1948 Arab–Israeli War

    The 1948 Arab–Israeli War, was fought between the State of Israel and a military coalition of Arab states and Palestinian Arab forces. It was the first in a series of wars in the continuing Arab–Israeli conflict.
  • The 1948 Palestinian exodus

    The 1948 Palestinian exodus, occurred when approximately 711,000 to 725,000 Palestinian Arabs left, fled or were expelled from their homes, during the 1947–1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine and the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.
  • Establishment of the PLO

    The Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) was established to give more freedom and rights to Palestinians living in refugee camps in Jordan and Lebanon. Many Israelites were against this establishment because it was believe by many that the PLO was a terrorist organization designed to destroy the state of Israel and the Israeli Jews. The leader of the PLO at this time was Yasser Arafat.
  • Six Day War

    After a period of high tension between Israel and its neighbors, the war began on June 5 with Israel launching surprise bombing raids against Egyptian air-fields. Within six days, Israel had won a decisive land war. Israeli forces had taken control of the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt, the West Bank and East Jerusalem from Jordan, and the Golan Heights from Syria.
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    Extermination of the PLO to Lebanon

    In the late 1960s, tensions between Palestinians and the Jordanian government increased greatly. In September 1970 a bloody military struggle was held between Jordan and the Palestinian armed organizations. King Hussein of Jordan was able to quell the Palestinian revolt. During the armed conflict, thousands of people were killed, the vast majority of whom were Palestinians. The fighting continued until July 1971 with the expulsion of the PLO to Lebanon. A large number of Palestinians immigrated
  • Sabena Flight 571 Hijacking

    On May 8, 1972 a Boeing 707 passenger aircraft was hijacked by four terrorists from the Black September organization and landed at Lod Airport. The hijackers demanded the release of 315 convicted Palestinian terrorists who were imprisoned in Israel, and threatened to blow up the airplane with its passengers.
  • Lod Airport Massacre

    The Lod Airport massacre was a terrorist attack that occurred on May 30, 1972, in which three members of the Japanese Red Army having been recruited by the Palestinian group called the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) killed 26 people and injured 80 others at Tel Aviv's Lod airport.
  • 1972 Munich Massacre

    1972 Munich Massacre
    The Munich massacre is an informal name for an attack that occurred during the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, Bavaria, in southern West Germany, when members of the Israeli Olympic team were taken hostage and eventually killed by the Palestinian group Black September.
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    1982 Lebanon War

    The 1982 Lebanon War began on 6 June 1982, when the Israel Defense Forces invaded southern Lebanon. The Government of Israel launched the military operation after the Abu Nidal Organization's assassination attempt against Israel's ambassador to the United Kingdom, Shlomo Argov.
  • The Intifada

    The Palestinian population in the West Bank and Gaza started a mass uprising against the Israeli occupation. This uprising, or intifada, was not started or orchestrated by the PLO leadership in Tunis. Rather, it was a popular mobilization that drew on the organizations and institutions that had developed under occupation. The intifada involved hundreds of thousands of people, many with no previous resistance experience, including children, teenagers and women.
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    Oslo Peace Process

    In January 1993, Israeli and Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) negotiators began secret negotiations in Oslo, Norway. On September 9, 1993, Yasser Arafat sent a letter to Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, stating that the PLO officially recognized Israel's right to exist and officially renouncing terrorism.
  • Reoccupation of the West Bank

    On the eve of Passover, the Palestinian military conducted a series of attacks on Israel including a deadly hotel bombing. Israel reacted to the attack by encompassing the PLO leader Yasser Arafat for five weeks in Ramallah, a city within the West Bank. During this time, Israel invaded the West Bank and reoccupied nearly all of the land that had been given to Palestine in the 1993 peace treaty.
  • Yasser Arafat Dies

    Video: Nelson Mandela comments on death of Yasser ArafatPLO leader Yasser Arafat dies. At age 75, Yasser Arafat died of an unknow blood disease. Not only was he the leader of the PLO, but Arafat was also President of the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) and leader of the Fatah political party. In addition, Arafat won the Noble Peace Prize in 1994 along with Shimon Peres and Yitzhak Rabin "for their efforts to create peace in the Middle East" (N.A., 2012).
  • Mahmoud Abbas Becomes Leader of the PLO

    A year after Yasser Arafat died, Mahmoud Abbas was elected the new leader of the PLO. At this time Israel evacuated settlers and romoved their forces from the Gaza Strip. This action created the opportunity for peace as well as ended almost forty years of military occupation in the Gaza Strip.
  • Religious Power Discussion

    Palestinian and Israeli officials came together in Amman, Jordan. This was their first meeting in more than a year, and although little came out of the get-together in terms of any signs of truce, the meeting mainly discussed the turning point facing Palestine as Islam is introduced. The fact that Islam may become a powerful and altering force in the area is troublesome to Palestine.