Jesus to AD 500

Timeline created by
  • 27

    Pax Romana

  • 33


  • 33

    The Apostles spread the Gospel

  • 33

    St. Stephen martyred

  • 33

    The Resurrection of Jesus Christ

  • 34

    The conversion of Saint Paul

  • 42

    St. John the apostle travels to ephesus with blessed virgin mary

    John 19:25-27 tells how from the cross jesus charged St. John with the care of his mother.
  • 44

    St James the apostle is martyred; his body is secretly buried in spain.

  • 46

    St Paul begins missionary journeys to Galatia, Greece, Syria, and other places

  • 49

    council of Jerusalem

  • 64

    Persecution of Christians begin under Roman emperor Nero

  • 64

    Persecution of Christians begin under Roman emperor Nero

  • Period: 100 to 500

    AD 100-500

  • Period: 250 to 250

    Persecution under Roman emperor Decius

    Decius required all to worship the gods of the state, or be tortured and killed
  • 251

    Council of Carthage

    This council allowed people who lapsed in their faith during the persecution to be brought back into the Church after a period of penance
  • 303

    Persecution under Roman emperor Diocletian

    Diocletian ordered the destruction of all Christian churches, imprisonment of bishops and priests, and the execution of all who refused to participate in the public worship of pagan gods
  • 313

    Emperor Constantine issues the Edict of Milan

    This edict granted religious toleration to Christians and unleashed the spread of Christianity.
  • 325

    Council of Nicaea

    This council, called by Emperor Constantine, set forth the Nicene Creed and affirmed that Jesus and the Father are consubstantial- of the same substance
  • 330

    Construction of the first St. Peter's Basilica in Rome

  • 344

    st agustine

  • 360

    books begin to replace scrolls

  • 382

    Pope Damasus ask st jerome to translate the gospels in latin

  • 397

    The Councils of Hippo and Carthage determine which books will become part of the New Testament

  • 405

    st jerome complete his translation of the old testament

  • 410

    st agustine begins writing the city of god

  • 431

    Council of Ephesus

    This council condemned a heresy that said that Jesus was two persons in one body, and the council declared that the Virgin Mary is truly the Mother of God(Theotokos- Hypostatic Union)
  • 432

    st patrick sets out to spread the gospel in ireland

  • 480

    the birth of st benedict

  • Period: 500 to 1000

    AD 500-1000

  • 507

    Clovis' army drives Visigoths out of France

  • 527

    Justinian I becomes emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire

  • 529

    St Benedict founds the first monastery

  • 529

    St. Benedict founds his first monastery

  • 537

    Construction of Hagia Sophia (current structure) begins in Constantinople

  • 590

    St Gregory the Great becomes pope

  • 596

    Pope St. Gregory the Great sends St. Augustine or Canterbury to England to evangelize the Angelo-Saxons

  • 597

    St Augustine baptizes the King of Kent

  • 632

    Death of Mohammad

    Mohammad, whom Muslims call the Prophet Mohammad, is the founder of Islam. By the time of his death, all of Ariba is muslims.
  • 716

    St. Boniface leaves England to evangelize Germania

  • 754

    With St Boniface's help the pope allies with the kings on the Franks

  • 1000

    Muslims control two thirds of the ancient Christian world

  • 1054

    The Great Schism

  • 1073

    St. Gregory VII elected pope

  • 1073

    Pope St Gregory VII excommunicates the Holy Empire Henry IV

  • 1088

    First universities founded

  • 1094

    The Byzantine emperor in Constantinople asks the West for aid against Muslim armies

  • 1095

    Pope Urban II calls for a Crusade, and Christians temporarily capture Jerusalem

  • 1144

    First Gothic cathedral completed

  • Period: 1147 to 1192

    Second and Third Crusades

  • 1204

    Crusaders from the Fourth Crusades sack Constantinople

  • 1209

    Franciscan Order is founded by St. Francis of Assisi

  • 1216

    Dominican Order founded by St. Dominic

  • 1229

    The Inquisition is founded

  • Period: 1265 to 1274

    St. Thomas Aquinas write the Summa Theological

  • 1300

    The Renaissance begins

  • 1347

    Bubonic plague arrives in Europe

  • 1386

    St. Catherine of Siena cares for the sick and buries the dead when the plague strikes Siena

  • 1440

    Print Press invented

  • 1492

    Christopher Columbus sails for North America

  • 1513

    Ponce de Leon of Spain founds St Augustine, Florida

    St. Augustine, named for St. Augustine of Hippo, was the first European settlement in what is now the United States
  • 1517

    Martin Luther presents the 95 Theses

    In this document, Luther presented what he saw as abusive practices in the Cathloic Church
  • 1520

    Luther denies the authority of the pope to interpret Scripture

  • 1521

    Luther is excommunicated

  • 1522

    Luther translates the Bible into German

    Luther removed seven Old Testament books: Tobit, Judith, 1 and 2 Maccabees, Wisdom, Sirach, and Baruch. He also tried to change the New Testament by moving the letter of James, the letter to the Hebrews, the letters of John, and the book of Revelation into an appendix.
  • 1526

    Franciscan missionaries arrive in what is now Florida

  • 1534

    St. Ignatius of Loyola founds the Society of Jesus (Jesuits)

  • 1534

    King Henry VIII of England breaks England from the Catholic Church after the pope refuses to allow him a divorce

  • 1535

    St. Thomas More is executed by Henry VIII

  • 1536

    Henry VIII dissolves all monasteries and convents in England and ireland

  • 1541

    First Franciscan explorations in what is now California

  • Period: 1545 to 1563

    The Council of Trent

  • 1549

    Jesuit missionaries arrive in the Far East

  • Period: 1562 to 1582

    St. Teresa of Avila founds Discalced Carmelite convents throughout Spain (input to Timetoast Timeline as “Timespan”)

  • The King James Bible becomes the Bible of the Church of England

  • St. Peter Claver arrives in Colombia

  • The Mayflower sets sail from England to North America

    Separatists wishing to further “purify” the Church of England of Catholic influence leave for North America on the Mayflower. They hoped their colony would be a “city on a hill”--an example to the Church of England of the need for further reform. In the New World, many would be persecuted for their faith. Most of the first British colonies in North America legally exclude Catholics, Quakers, and others from participation in public life.
  • The Colony of Maryland is established

    Maryland will be the first colony to allow religious freedom for Catholics. Jesuit priests there will offer the first Holy Mass in the British colonies.
  • England overthrows its Catholic king and bans any future Catholic monarchs

  • Maryland outlaws the public practice of Catholicism in the colony

  • Period: to

    The Enlightenment

  • British colonies in North America declare their independence

  • The French Revolution begins

    One of the goals of the revolution was to turn France into a completely secular nation and rid it of Christianity. Church property was seized, and many priests and religious were persecuted, imprisoned, and killed
  • The US Constitution prevents religious tests for national office

  • The First Amendment protects free religious exercise in the US and prevents national government from establishing a religion.

    States were free to keep their established churches, and many did into the early 1800s
  • Karl Marx writes the Communist Manifesto

  • Period: to

    Ecumencial Council of the Vatican (known as Vatican I)

  • Bolshevik party formed in Russia

  • World War I begins

  • Three children at Fatima, Portugal, are granted visions of the Virgin Mary (Our Lady asked the children to pray the Rosary every day to stop the spread of Russia’s errors and for world peace.

  • Soviet Union is formed (Lenin was its first leader; Stalin took power two years after Lenin’s death)

  • The first Catholic bishops in China are ordained

  • Hitler beomes chancellor of Germany; first Nazi concentration camp is opened

  • Word War II begins

  • Communist governments begin persecutions and mass murder across Europe and Asia

  • Period: to

    Ecumenical Council of the Vatican (now known as Vatican II)

  • The US Supreme Court rules that the Constitution protects the right ot an abortion

  • The Soviet Union begins to fall (The end of the Cold War, the fall of the Berlin Wall, and the end of communism in Europe would come in 1991)