Henry III five year old son takes the imperial throne.
Jan 31, 1077
15 year old Henry meets the Pope
Henry meets the Pope in Canossa.
Jan 31, 1112
Settling the Conflict
Concordant of Worms, limited imperial power over the German Church. The emperor could appoint bishops to feifs. Only the pop, has the power to name bishops, whose spiritual authority came directly from the church.
Jan 31, 1152
1152 - 1190
Fredrick Barbarossa ruled Germany.
Jan 31, 1176
A powerful army defeats Fredrick's army.
Jan 31, 1198
Innocent III - medieval Popes
They stengthened the church and increased its world power.
Jan 31, 1200
Emperor Fredrick II tried to bring the two regions under imperial rule. He failed just like the other emperors.
Jan 31, 1216
Innocent III passes away
Neither Italy or Germany were unified until the 1800's.
Charlemagne's death cause Italy to fall into a state of disorder.
Byzantine Empire holds parts of Italy
The pope ruled the Papal States, while Arab Muslims ruled Sicily and frequently attacked the Italian mainland.
The great feudal lords from Germany elected Otto I as president.
Otto I moves
Otto I moved to seize territory in northern Italy.