Holy Roman Empire

  • Jan 31, 1056

    Henry III passes away

    Henry III five year old son takes the imperial throne.
  • Jan 31, 1077

    15 year old Henry meets the Pope

    Henry meets the Pope in Canossa.
  • Jan 31, 1112

    Settling the Conflict

    Concordant of Worms, limited imperial power over the German Church. The emperor could appoint bishops to feifs. Only the pop, has the power to name bishops, whose spiritual authority came directly from the church.
  • Jan 31, 1152

    Fredrick Barbarossa

    1152 - 1190
    Fredrick Barbarossa ruled Germany.
  • Jan 31, 1176


    A powerful army defeats Fredrick's army.
  • Jan 31, 1198

    Innocent III - medieval Popes

    They stengthened the church and increased its world power.
  • Jan 31, 1200


    Emperor Fredrick II tried to bring the two regions under imperial rule. He failed just like the other emperors.
  • Jan 31, 1216

    Innocent III passes away

  • Together

    Neither Italy or Germany were unified until the 1800's.
  • Charlemagne Death

    Charlemagne's death cause Italy to fall into a state of disorder.
  • Byzantine Empire holds parts of Italy

    The pope ruled the Papal States, while Arab Muslims ruled Sicily and frequently attacked the Italian mainland.
  • Election

    The great feudal lords from Germany elected Otto I as president.
  • Otto I moves

    Otto I moved to seize territory in northern Italy.
  • Otto I becom Emperor of the Romans

  • Period: to

    Holy Roman Empire