History Final

  • Period: 1346 to


  • 1347

    The Black Death

    The Black Death
    In 1347 The Black Death struck China,india,persia,syria, and egypt. The black death was known for the excessive bleeding and pus out the groin and armpit ect.
  • 1374

    Death of Petrarch

    Death of Petrarch
    Petrarch was a father to Humanism, He was a scholar and poet in renaissance Italy. He was also the "Father of the Renaissance" he was known mostly for the rediscovery of Cicero's Letters.
  • 1452

    Birth of Leonardo da Vinci

    Birth of Leonardo da Vinci
    Leo was born April 15th 1452 in Anchiano, Italy. He died may 12th 1519 after years and years of great artwork aka the mona lisa. He was looked apon as one of the greatest painters of all time.
  • 1525

    Roman Empire

    Roman Empire
    Francis himself led a second attack on Milan in 1525; his awesome defeat at the Battle of Pavia, where he was captured and many of his chief nobles were killed, led to the end of the war.
  • Period: 1550 to

    Age of absolutism

  • 1556

    Phillip ll of spain

    Phillip ll of spain
    Known in Spain as "Felipe el Prudente" ('"Philip the Prudent'"), his empire included territories on every continent then known to Europeans, including his namesake the Philippines. During his reign, Spain reached the height of its influence and power. This is sometimes called the Golden Age. The expression, "the empire on which the sun never sets," was coined during Philip's time to reflect the extent of his dominion.
  • 1558

    Mary of England

    Mary of England
    Mary I (18 February 1516 – 17 November 1558) was the Queen of England and Ireland from July 1553 until her death. Mary is best known for her aggressive and bloody pursuit of the restoration of Roman Catholicism in England and Ireland in an attempt to reverse the English Reformation which had begun during the reign of her father, Henry VIII.
  • 1564

    Death of Michelangelo

    Death of Michelangelo
    Michelangelo died Febuary 18th 1564 in Rome Italy. He was only 88 just 3 weeks from his 89th birthday.
  • Spanish Armada

    Spanish Armada
    The Spanish Armada (Spanish: Grande y Felicísima Armada, literally "Great and Most Fortunate Navy") was a Spanish fleet of 130 ships that sailed from La Coruña in August 1588, under the command of the Duke of Medina Sidonia with the purpose of escorting an army from Flanders to invade England.
  • English civil war

    English civil war
    The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") and Royalists ("Cavaliers") over, principally, the manner of England's government. The first and second wars pitted the supporters of King Charles I against the supporters of the Long Parliament, while the third saw fighting between supporters of King Charles II and supporters of the Rump Parliament. The war ended with the Parliamentarian victory.
  • Hobbes publishes Leviathan

    Hobbes publishes Leviathan
    Leviathan—is a book written by Thomas Hobbes (1588–1679) and published in 1651 (revised Latin edition 1668). Its name derives from the biblical Leviathan. The work concerns the structure of society and legitimate government, and is regarded as one of the earliest and most influential examples of social contract theory.
  • Period: to


  • Peter the great

    Peter the great
    Ruled the Tsardom of Russia and later the Russian Empire from 7 May (O.S. 27 April) 1682 until his death, jointly ruling before 1696 with his elder half-brother, Ivan V. Through a number of successful wars he expanded the Tsardom into a much larger empire that became a major European power.
  • Steam Engine

    Steam Engine
    The atmospheric engine was invented by Thomas Newcomen in 1712, often referred to simply as a Newcomen engine. The engine operated by condensing steam drawn into the cylinder, thereby creating a partial vacuum, thereby allowing the atmospheric pressure to push the piston into the cylinder.
  • Voltaire publishes Candide

    Voltaire publishes Candide
    Candide is characterised by its sarcastic tone as well as by its erratic, fantastical and fast-moving plot. A picaresque novel with a story similar to that of a more serious coming-of-age narrative, it parodies many adventure and romance clichés, the struggles of which are caricatured in a tone that is mordantly matter-of-fact.
  • Period: to

    Industrial Revolution

  • The Spinning Jenny

    The Spinning Jenny
    The spinning jenny is a multi-spindle spinning frame, and was one of the key developments in the industrialization of weaving during the early Industrial Revolution. It was invented in 1764 by James Hargreaves in Stanhill, Oswaldtwistle, Lancashire in England.
  • Period: to

    American Revolution

  • The First Shots of the Revolutionary war

    The First Shots of the Revolutionary war
    The first shots were fired just after dawn in Lexington, Massachusetts the morning of the 19th, the "Shot Heard Round the World." The colonial militia, a band of 500 men, were outnumbered and initially forced to retreat. The British army was able to press forward to Concord, where they searched for the supplies, only to come up empty handed.
  • Battle of Bunker Hill

    Battle of Bunker Hill
    The Battle of Bunker Hill was fought on June 17, 1775, during the Siege of Boston in the early stages of the American Revolutionary War. The battle is named after Bunker Hill in Charlestown, Massachusetts, which was peripherally involved in the battle.
  • Smith published The Wealth of Nations

    Smith published The Wealth of Nations
    The book offers one of the world's first collected descriptions of what builds nations' wealth, and is today a fundamental work in classical economics. By reflecting upon the economics at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, the book touches upon such broad topics as the division of labour, productivity, and free markets.
  • America Declares Independence

    America Declares Independence
    statement adopted by the Second Continental Congress meeting at the Pennsylvania State House (Independence Hall) in Philadelphia on July 4, 1776, which announced that the thirteen American colonies, then at war with the Kingdom of Great Britain, regarded themselves as thirteen independent sovereign states, no longer under British rule.
  • France enters was against Britain

    France enters was against Britain
    French involvement in the American Revolutionary War began in 1775, when France, a rival of the British Empire, secretly shipped supplies to the Continental Army, followed by the Treaty of Alliance in 1778. This led to shipments of money and matériel to the United States. Subsequently, the Spanish Empire and the Dutch Republic also began to send assistance, leaving the British Empire with no allies.
  • u.s. constitution replaces the article of confederation

    u.s. constitution replaces the article of confederation
    The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States. The Constitution, originally comprising seven articles, delineates the national frame of government.
  • National Assembely

    National Assembely
    During the French Revolution, the National Assembly which existed from June 13, 1789 to July 9, 1789, was a revolutionary assembly formed by the representatives of the Third Estate (the common people) of the Estates-General; thereafter (until replaced by the Legislative )
  • Bastille stormed and taken by a Paris mob

    Bastille stormed and taken by a Paris mob
    The Storming of the Bastille occurred in Paris, France, on the day of 14 July 1789. The medieval fortress, armory, and political prison in Paris known as the Bastille represented royal authority in the centre of Paris.
  • Period: to

    French Revolution

  • Thomas Paine's Rights of Man

    Thomas Paine's Rights of Man
    a book by Thomas Paine, including 31 articles, posits that popular political revolution is permissible when a government does not safeguard the natural rights of its people. Using these points as a base it defends the French Revolution against Edmund Burke's attack in Reflections on the Revolution in France.
  • National Convention

    National Convention
    The Convention came about when the Legislative Assembly, which had found it impossible to work with the king, decreed the provisional suspension of King Louis XVI and the convocation of a National Convention to draw up a new constitution with no monarchy. The other major innovation was to decree that deputies to that Convention should be elected by all Frenchmen twenty-five years old or more, domiciled for a year and living by the product of their labor.
  • Thermidore

    The French politician Maximilien Robespierre was denounced by members of the National Convention as "a tyrant", leading to Robespierre and twenty-one associates including Louis Antoine de Saint-Just being arrested that night and beheaded on the following day.
  • Cotton Gin

    Cotton Gin
    In 1794, U.S.-born inventor Eli Whitney (1765-1825) patented the cotton gin, a machine that revolutionized the production of cotton by greatly speeding up the process of removing seeds from cotton fiber.
  • Italian Campaign

    Italian Campaign
    The Italian campaigns of the French Revolutionary Wars (1792–1802) were a series of conflicts fought principally in Northern Italy between the French Revolutionary Army and a Coalition of Austria, Russia, Piedmont-Sardinia, and a number of other Italian states.
  • Directory

    The Directory was a five-member committee which governed France from 1795, when it replaced the Committee of Public Safety, until it was overthrown by Napoleon Bonaparte in the Coup of 18 Brumaire 8–9 November 1799 and replaced by the French Consulate. It gave its name to the final four years of the French Revolution.
  • Period: to

    Napoleonic Era

  • Emperor

    Napoleon wanted to establish legitimacy of his imperial reign, with its new royal family and new nobility. Therefore, he designed a new coronation ceremony that was unlike the ceremony used for the kings of France. In the traditional coronation, kings underwent a ceremony of consecration sacre rather than a coronation; in consecration, anointment was conferred by the archbishop of Reims in Notre-Dame de Reims.
  • Battle of Austerlitz

    Battle of Austerlitz
    The Battle of Austerlitz 2 December 1805/11 Frimaire An XIV FRC, also known as the Battle of the Three Emperors, was one of the most important and decisive engagements of the Napoleonic Wars. In what is widely regarded as the greatest ever victory achieved by Napoleon, the Grande Armée of France defeated a larger Russian and Austrian army led by Tsar Alexander I and Holy Roman Emperor Francis II.
  • Treaty of Tilsit

    Treaty of Tilsit
    The Treaties of Tilsit were two agreements signed by Napoleon in the town of Tilsit in July 1807 in the aftermath of his victory at Friedland. The first was signed on 7 July, between Tsar Alexander I of Russia and Napoleon I of France, when they met on a raft in the middle of the Neman River. The other was signed with Prussia on 9 July. The treaties were made at the expense of the Prussian king, who had already agreed to a truce on 25 June after the Grande Army had pursued him.
  • Russian Campaign

    Russian Campaign
    The French invasion of Russia, known in Russia as the Patriotic War of 1812 and in France as the Russian Campaign began on 24 June 1812 when Napoleon's Grande Armée crossed the Neman River in an attempt to engage and defeat the Russian army.
  • Death of Napolean

    Death of Napolean
    During his reign of more than a decade, Napoleon at times controlled most of Europe, was defeated and exiled, escaped, reclaimed his title, met his final military defeat at Waterloo, and was exiled again to the Atlantic Ocean island of St. Helena. He died there six years later in 1821.
  • Brooklyn Bridges

    Brooklyn Bridges
    The Brooklyn Bridge is a hybrid cable-stayed/suspension bridge in New York City and is one of the oldest roadway bridges in the United States. Started in 1869 and completed fourteen years later in 1883, it connects the boroughs of Manhattan and Brooklyn, spanning the East River.
  • Model T

    Model T
    he Ford Model T is an automobile produced by Ford Motor Company from October 1, 1908, to May 26, 1927. It is generally regarded as the first affordable automobile, the car that opened travel to the common middle-class American; some of this was because of Ford's efficient fabrication, including assembly line production instead of individual hand crafting.