History Exam

  • 476

    Fall of Rome

    Odoacer deposes last emperor of Western Roman Empire.
  • Period: 527 to 565

    Reign of Justinian

    Famous for codification of all Roman law in the corpus juris civilis and building the Hagia Sophia.
  • Jun 8, 632

    Muhammad dies

    Thus starts one hundred years of Muslims taking over everything.
  • Period: Jan 1, 714 to Oct 22, 741

    Reign of Charles Martel

    Martel takes over the HRE after he's Mayor of the Palace and the Merovingians don't do anything anyway. He wins the Battle of Tours. Charlemagne's grandpappy who lays the foundation for the Carolingian Empire.
  • Oct 1, 732

    Battle of Tours

    HRE Charles Martel halts Muslim takeover of Europe in this battle in modern-day France.
  • Period: Oct 9, 768 to Jan 28, 814

    Charlemagne's Rule

    First he's King of the Franks, then in 800 he's crowned HRE. Pretty much starts the Carolingian Empire and makes the HRE awesome.
  • Dec 25, 800

    Charlemagne crowned HRE

    Charlemagne made his Frankish kingdom HUGE in western Europe. Pope Leo III crowns him. Caesaropapism.
  • Feb 2, 962

    Otto the Great crowned HRE

    Otto basically restarts the HRE. Defeats the Magyars. Fan of lay investiture.
  • Jan 1, 1054

    Great Schism

    The Eastern Orthodox Church breaks off from the Roman Catholics over issues such as papal jurisdiction.
  • Oct 14, 1066

    Battle of Hastings

    William of Normandy defeats the English King Harold II and gets a whole bunch of England. England (and English) as a result is Normanized. William of Normandy becomes King William I of England.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1096 to Dec 31, 1099

    First Crusade

    Byzantine Emperor appeals to the Pope, because the Muslims are doing pretty awful stuff. So the Pope calls a crusade and the Christians (Knights Templar, yay!) take Jerusalem in a 1099 bloodbath.
  • Sep 23, 1122

    Concordat of Worms

    HRE Henry V and Pope Calixtus II agree to end lay investiture.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1202 to Dec 31, 1204

    Fourth Crusade

    The Christians decide it's high time to reconquer Jerusalem, but have a hard time getting started. Eventually, troops get bored and decide to just take Constantinople instead.
  • Jun 15, 1215

    Magna Charta

    Various noblemen, bishops, etc. force King John to sign this charter that gaurantees rights for Englishman such as freedom for the English church and that no freeman could be punished except by the law of the land.
  • Nov 18, 1302

    Unam Sanctam

    Pope Boniface stresses the importance of church unity and submission to the pope. Temporal rulers are really mad about it.
  • Oct 25, 1415

    Battle of Agincourt

    HV destroys the French in the Hundred Years' War
  • May 29, 1453

    Fall of Constantinople

    Constantinople is taken by the Turks.