Ghana Timeline By KaitlynBeav 300 Beginning of the Empire Th Soninke start the Ghana empire by banding in tribes for protection. Period: 300 to Dec 31, 1060 Ghana Rise and Fall 500 Iron Findings West Africans dicovered they could heat different rocks to get hard metal. Jan 1, 1076 Capture Abu Bakr captures the capital of Ghana leaving it to fall to the end. Jan 1, 1200 Conquered In 1200, the Kingdom of Ghana was conquered by the Kingdom Melle. Mar 2, 2022 Trade Routes The Ghana empire had all control over their trade routes.