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French Revolution & Napoleon

By Helen14
  • The Dutch Patriot Revolt

    The Dutch Patriot Revolt
    • The people wanted to lessen the power of the stadholder, and supported by the middle class the patriots fought for elections
    • The Dutch supported the American's cause but the stadholder assisted with 40% of Great Britain's death
    • Prussians invaded and Orangists crushed the rebellion
  • King Louis XVI Attempts Reform

    King Louis XVI Attempts Reform
    King Louis XVI gie some ideas for reform to his Assembly of Notables. These included ideas for a reformed land tax. Those who did not side with the king were heroes to the french people.
  • Belgian Independence Movement

    Belgian Independence Movement
    Belgians rebelled gainst the Austrian King Joseph II because of his changes to government, however urban people and nobles/church/peasants were divided on what should happen to Belgium and Leopold II of Austria took control back
  • Period: to

    Moderate Stage

    The early stage of the French Revolution.
  • The People Find their Voice

    The People Find their Voice
    French people started writing down their desires for reform in city and towns at meeting. Even peasants had a voice and a vote in these affairs.
  • Oath of the Tennis Court

    Oath of the Tennis Court
    This was a pledge of members of the Third Estate gather and create the national assembly. This begins the Moderate stage of the revolution.
  • Fall of Bastille

    Fall of Bastille
    • Rebels raid Bastille
    • Marquis de Lafayette becomes head of the army
    • This was a prison
    • 100 people who marched on the Bastille were killed before the prison officials gave in
  • The Great Fear

    The Great Fear
    The Revolution begins to spread to the countryside after the storming of the Bastille. Peasants destroy anything that belongs to noblemen of clergymen.
  • The National Assembly Created

    The National Assembly Created
    The third estate representatives decide they will not be forced to vote by order and started the National Assembly with nayone who wanted to join and gave each member a vote. The church representatives from the estates general joined the third estate.
  • Change

    Nobles in the Estates General say they will give up tax exemptions. Serfs were freed. Some nobles wanted compensation but no one paid them. The National assembly called for equality.
  • The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen

    The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen
    The National assembly creates this document as a preamble to a constitution. The constitution is finished in 1791. The noble's privileges are taken away. The church is subordinated to the state.
  • King Moves to Paris

    King Moves to Paris
    Groups of French lower class women and men convince the king to move from Versailles to paris nad make him promise not to obstruct the revolutionary movement.
  • Estates General Elections

    Estates General Elections
    King Louis agreed to double the number of people in the Third Estate who represent over 90% of the people (the average people - peasants and middle class), but this did not increase their power as each estate had one vote - the people were still outnubered in votes by nobles and the church.
  • Declaration of the Rights of Women

    Declaration of the Rights of Women
    Olympe de Gourges writes this document based on the Declaration of the Rights of an and Citizen to illustrrate her belief that women should be included in the new contitution.
  • King Louis XVI Executed

    King Louis XVI Executed
    The Jacobins were split in two groups. Both thought Louis XVI was guilty of treason. The National assembly sided with the faction calling for execution.
  • Polish Revolution

    Polish Revolution
    King Stanislaw Poniotowski led the patriots against Catherine the Great and created a constitution. This victory which gave rights to average people, kept serfdom, and limited nobles, only lasted a year when Catherine did away with the patriot movement.
  • French Royal Family Escapes

    French Royal Family Escapes
    Louis XVI and his faily leave paris in disguise to go to eastern France hoping for help Leopold II. A postman recognized them and they were stopped 40 miles from their destination.
  • Revolt in St. Dominge

    Revolt in St. Dominge
    slaves in St. Domingue revolted. The Parisian Legislative assembly was forced to give rights to free blacks to stop the revolt.
  • Period: to

    Radical Stage

    This is the more violent part of the revolution after the moderate revolution.
  • France fights Austria and Prussia

    France fights Austria and Prussia
    Louis declares war on Austria, prussia joins the war to help Austria. The war was supposed to be short but went on for 23 years. Royals were in Austria fighting french rebels, and threatened to destroy paris if the rebels hurt the King.
  • French Revolution Starts

    French Revolution Starts
    The rebels wanted a constitutional monarchy but the King counteracted this . War started and the rebels got rid of the king, creating a republic.
  • the Second Revolution

    the Second Revolution
    The Parisian working men attacked the king's palace - impatient with how slowly the assembly was working.
  • Monarchy Abolished

    Monarchy Abolished
    The National Convention got rid of the monarchy and created the Republic.
  • Period: to

    300,000 French people jailed for "Collaboration"

    40,000 are killed. Collaboration means talking with foreign enemies.
  • General Maximum

    General Maximum
    -set by National Convention
    - limits prices on necessities nad wages
  • Marie Antoinette Killed

    Marie Antoinette Killed
    The Revolutionary Tribunal convicts MA of treason and guillotines her. They also execute Girondin leaders, Mdme Roland, and Olympe de Gouges
  • France Frees Slaves

    France Frees Slaves
    the National Convention abolishes slavery in the colonoies and gives black males rights. The goal was to get blacks to join the French in the fight against the Spanish.
  • Committe of Public Safety Executes Enemies

    Committe of Public Safety Executes Enemies
    The Committe of Public Safety executes its enemies. These include ultrarevolutionaries, indulgents, and Danton. The reason given was treason.
  • Kosciusko

    Kosciusko returns to Poland to lead the Polish, pro-French revolution. Major cities soon joined in the uprisings but peasants were need too. Kosciusko compromised between nobles nad serfs by lessening the burdens of serfdom. Catherine the Great stopped the revolts and arrested Kosciusko.
  • New laws in France

    New laws in France
    These new laws made changes to the legal process. They discontinued the accused right to legal counsel, lessened the number of jurors to convict, and allowed for only two outcomes - innocence or death.
  • Attack on Robispierre

    Attack on Robispierre
    French men attack Robispierre at Thermidor. All his policies were reversed in what was called the Thermidorian Reaction
  • France invades the Austrian Netherlands

    France invades the Austrian Netherlands
    France invaded the Netherlands and declared a war of liberation and parts of the Netherlands became French.
  • Directory Government

    The directory government takes power in France. One of its goals is to create "sister republics".
  • Period: to

    Italian Campaigns

    Napolean becomes leader of the french army in Italy and leads the Italian campaigns over Austrians and Piedmontese. He sends Italian art back to France.
  • Period: to

    The Napoleanic Stage

    The 3rd stage of the Revolution.
  • Napolean Comes to power

    Napolean Comes to power
    The young leader comes to power in France and will rule until 1821.
    He ends the Frnch Revolution by 1800 and make France an Authoritarian politcial system.
  • Napolean

    Napolean's brother makes it look like an attempt was made on Napolean's life. His enemies were kicked out of the Parisian legislature and those who remained abolished the Directory govenrment and started the Consulate.
  • Pope Pius VII

    Pope Pius VII
    Napolean works with Pope Pius VII to end the conflict between catholics and French politics. The pope allowed for sale of church porperty and France agreed to pay salaries of clergy who were loyal to France. Catholicism was the majority religion in France.
  • Napolean beats the Austrians

    Napolean beats the Austrians
    Napolean fights the austrians at two battles in 1800 - at Marengo and Hohenlinden and wins. He then forces them to sign the Treaty of Amiensending wars on continental Europe.
  • Napolean becomes first Consul for life.

    Napolean becomes first Consul for life.
    When Napolean becomes consul his intentions to rule France become clear. Then in 1804 he names himself Emperor.
  • Louisiana Territory Sold

    Napolean had to sell the Louisiana territory to the US instead of expanding his territory as planned because his troops got yellow fever in St. Domingue.
  • Napolean executes Royalist Conspirators

    Napolean executes Royalist Conspirators
    Napolean kidnaps nad executes Louis-Antoine-Henri de Bourbon-Conde duc D-enghien and tired him by military tribunal despite evidence that D-Enghein had not been involved in a conspiracy against Napolean.
  • Napoleanic Code

    Napoleanic Code
    Napolean oversees a comittee to write the new civil code . It was a patriarchal system . It gave property rights and religious tolerance.
  • Trafalgar

    The Superior British navy defeated the allied French and British at the battle at Trafalgar. The French lost ships but the British did not.
  • Austerlitz

    Napolean beats the Russians and Austrians at Austerlitz after a victory in Ulm Bavaria.
  • Continental System

    Continental System
    Napolean developed this trade system to hinder Great Britains economic success. It prohibited trade between France (an its property) and Britain. France's industry also improved with less competition.
  • Confederation of The Rhine

    Confederation of The Rhine
    Napolean establishes the Confederation of the Rhine. Most of the German states joined.
  • Treaties of Tilsit

    Treaties of Tilsit
    Napolean had a victory over the Russians at Friedland after defeating the Prussians at Auerstadt a year before. The treaty turned land west of the Elbe river to Napolean.
  • Invasion of Portugal

    Invasion of Portugal
    Napolean ivaded Portugal. Portugese royals fled to Brazil. Napolean made his brother Joseph King of Spain and this led to a war in spain against Napolean called the Spanish war for Independence which lasted untill 1813.
  • Hierarchy of nobles

    Hierarchy of nobles
    Napolean introduces his hierarchy of nobles. These men served the state. Titles were hereditary if the noble still had a specific amount of wealth.
  • Napolean Remarries

    Napolean Remarries
    Napolean remarries after a divorce to the Marie-Louise, an 18 year old austrian princess. They have a son whom Napolean names the King of Rome upon his birth. (He had named brother, step-brothers, and other family members to different positions over the previous ten years).
  • Napolean Invades Russia

    Napolean Invades Russia
    Napolean invaded Russia with 600.000 troops from Italy, Poland, Switzerland, Germany, and the Dutch Republic. However this battle did not follow Napolean's victorious patter
  • Military Trouble

    Military Trouble
    The military turned against napolean during the year of 1813-1814. Troop morale dropped to the lowest in years.
  • End of Napolean

    The French senate dethroned Napolean. At the same time Napolean's generals stopped fighting the Russians and Napolean chose to step down.
  • Louis XVIII

    Louis XVIII
    Napolean goes into exile. France gives the throne to Louis XVIII (the brother of the king executed during the revolution.
  • Napolean escapes Exile

    Napolean escapes Exile
    Napolean came back to France from exile. Although deposed he cheered by the peopl when he came to Paris and his former troop wanted to fight for him again.
  • Battle of Waterloo

    Battle of Waterloo
    Napolean who had escaped from exile fought the Prussians near Brussels. He lost and was exiled again.
  • Napolean Dies

    Napolean Dies
    Napolean died in exile on St. Helena Island. His rule had cost the lives of over 1 million soldiers but his welfare programs and national morale had a lasting impact not only on France but on Europe.