French revolution

French Revolution and Napoleon

  • France was Wracked

    France was Wracked
    France was wracked by a revolution which radically changed the government, administration, military and culture of the nation as well as plunging Europe into a series of wars.
  • The Start of The French Revolution

    The Start of The French Revolution
    a meeting called the Estates General in order to gain assent for new tax laws. The Estates General was composed of three ‘Estates’: the clergy, the nobility and the rest of France.This continued the reforms, but it created divisions in France by legislating against the church and declaring war on nations which supported the French king.
  • King Louis XVI

    King Louis XVI
    King of France when the revolution began in 1789, he was executed in 1792.
  • A Second Revolution

    A Second Revolution
    a second revolution took place, as Jacobins and sansculottes forced the Assembly to replace itself with a National Convention which abolished the monarchy, declared France a republic
  • The revolutionaries of 1792

    The revolutionaries of 1792
    This began a war which extended through the Imperial period and forced nations to marshal their resources to a greater extent than ever before.
  • Jean-Paul Marat

    Jean-Paul Marat
    Popular journalist who advocated extreme measures against traitors and hoarders. Assassinated in 1793.
  • The King Executed

    The King Executed
    This year marked when the king was executed.
  • The Committee of Public Safety

    The Committee of Public Safety
    As the Revolutionary Wars went against France, as regions angry at attacks on the church and conscription rebelled and as the revolution became increasingly radicalised the National Convention created a Committee of Public Safety to run France
  • Change In Revolution

    Change In Revolution
    the revolution again changed, this time turning against the Terror and its architect Robespierre
  • Maximilien Robespierre

    Maximilien Robespierre
    Lawyer who went from advocating an end to the death penalty to the architect of the Terror. Executed in 1794.
  • A new Legislative system

    A new Legislative system
    The Terrorists were removed in a coup and a new constitution drawn up which created a new legislative system run by a Directory of five men.
  • The Counsul of Three

    The Counsul of Three
    Bonaparte was the first consul and, while the reform of France continued, Bonaparte managed to bring the revolutionary wars to a close and have himself declared consul for life.
  • Emperor Napoleon

    Emperor Napoleon
    He crowned himself Emperor of France; the revolution was over, the empire had begun.