French Revolution

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    Economic Problems

    Franch began experiencing economic problems. Food prices doubled due to poor harvests, and the government raised taxes on salt. Self-absorbed spending Louis XIV, XV, & XVI gained France a great deal of debt. These events eventaully led to the start of the Revolution.
  • Louis XVI Calls the Estates General

    Louis calls upon the Estates General which comprised of the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd estates, to discuss Frances ongoing economic struggle. This was the first time the Estates General had been called together since 1614. The meeting was held at the Hotel des Menus Plaisirs in Versailles. The 3rd estate greatly outnumbered the 1st and 2nd estates; however, the voting system was based on a sigle vote per order, so the odds were against them. The meeting ended with an angered 3rd estate leaving.
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    The Moderate Phase

    The Moderate Phase of the French Revolution is the precursor to the more violent and radical phase of the revolution. The moderate Phase begins on May 5th of 1789 when Louis XVI calls for the Estates General. This phase ends when Louis XVI attempts to flee France.
  • The Communes

    The 3rd estate began meeting seperately from the Estate General on May 28th. They called themselves "communes."
  • The National Assembly

    The Communes officially convined, and named themselves the "National Assembly" on Jun 17th.
  • The Tennis Court Oath

    On the 20th of June the 3rd estate found themselves locked out of the Estates General meeting room. They feared the king would attack, so they made the Tennis Court Oath which staed they were "not to separate, and to reassemble wherever circumstances require, until the constitution of the kingdom is established". Their promise was to save France. This was a large turning point in the revolution because the 3rd estate felt completely rejected by the 1st and 2nd estates
  • Bastille Day

    Bastille Day marked the date when the king's priso wa raided; thus, sparking riots all over France. People attacked their landlords, and raided food stores accross France.
  • Robespierre Declares Terror

    This is the start of the Reign of Terror when Robespierre declared terror the "order of the day".
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    Reign of Terror

    The Reign of Terror was a period of violence after the onset of the French Revolution which incited the conflict between the Girondins and the Jacobins, and marked by the executions of "the enemies of the revolution". The phase began with Robespierre declaring terror and ended with the death of Robespierre and his allies.
  • Price Controls

    The law of general maximum was introduced to control prices on goods and regulate wages.
  • Dechristianization of France

    A revolutionary calender was introduced as apart of the revolutionary program of the dechrtistianization of France. This included the deportation of the clergy, the closing of churches, the rise of cults and the institution of a civic religion, descruction of religious monuments, and outlawing worship and religious education.
  • Danton's Execution

    Danton was executed by Robespierre's confirm. Instead of killing the Girondins, he wanted their expulsion from the National Convention; in addition Robespierre sought to kill anyone who wanted to comprimise with the enemies of the revolution. When Robespierre was elected for the commitee mandate he ordered for guillotine excursion. When Danton created the moderate Indulgents and rallied againt Robespierre, Robespierre ordered him to be arrested and executed.
  • The Cult of Supreme Being

    Robespierre started the Cult of Supreme Being. It was based on Deism( Christian philosophy that compares God to a watchmaker). It stated that God is an absent god.
  • Law of 22 Parial

    Robespierre created this law in response to him surviving an assassination attempt. It was the start of Robespierre's downfall. The law stated that a French citizen may be both arrested and executed without trial but only by the suspision of another citizen. 40,000 to 50,000 citizens were killed under this many. Many of the murders were under his orders.
  • Marat's Assasination

    Jean-Paul Marat was murdered in his bathtub by Charlotte Corday( a Girondist sympathizer). He then became a hero to the Jacobins.
  • Robespierre's Execution

    The Reign of Terror ends with the death of Robespierre.The Convention charges Robespierre and his allies with crimes against the Republic.. They were quickly condemned, accused, and executed.
  • Churches reopen

    Done by the Magistrates. Freedom of worship was established in France.
  • New Constitution

    The french adopted a new consistution. Their directory was the council of the 500, council of the ancients, and 5 man executive board.
  • Napoleon arrives in Alexandria, Egypt

    Finds the Rosetta Stone
  • Napoleon Comes to Rule

    Napoleon was urged to sieze power because he had a good reputation with the French People.
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    Napoleonic Phase

  • The Removal of the Directory

    Napolean overthrew the failing French Directory. Coming from England Napolean arrived unannounced at Frejus. With the assistance of Siyes, Roger-Ducas, and his brother Lucien he succeeded in ending the Directory and becoming the first consul of France.
  • New Constitution of 1799

    The constitution implanted the form of government called the Consulate. In addition, the constitution established a legistature of three houses. The legistature was made up of the Conservative Senate(100 men over 40), the Tribunate(100 men), and a Legistrative Body(300 men).
  • Treaty of Amiens

    The treaty temporarily ended the aggression between the France republic and United Kingdom. The treaty was signed in the city of Amiens, France.
  • New Constitution 1802

    There was an adoption of a new constitution. The significant change in this constitution was that Napolean was appointed First Consol for life. Because of this, he no longer needed to seek election.
  • The Napoleanic Code

    Napolean established The Napoleanic Code. The code is a set of French laws that Napolean ordered to be published for the governing of French controlled countries in Europe.
  • New Constitution of !804

    This constitution can a major revision. It elimated the Consolute. Instead, Napolean became the emperor of the France. In addition, the constitution implanted the legal base for the First French Empire. The empire is also known as the Napoleanic Empire.
  • Battle of Trafalgar

    The third coaliton of England, Naples, Russia, and Austria formed against France, with Commander Nelson destoying the French fleet.
  • Napoleon Remarries

    Napoleon divorced his wife, Josephine. He then married his grand niece Maria Louisa.
  • Napoleon invades Russia

    Napoleon went into Russia with 422,000 men, and came back with 28,000 men.
  • Battle of the Nations

    Napoleon is defeated by Autria, Prussia, Russia, and Sweden.
  • Napoleon is exiled to Elba

    Napoleon is exiled to Elba; however, he makes himself
  • Battle of Waterloo

    Happened in Brussels. The French lost this battle. The Congress of Vienna took measures to make sure that another revolution such as this one would never happen again.
  • Napoleon is exiled

    Napoleon is exiled to Saint Helena after he is defeated at the Battle of Waterloo. He was defeated because Marshall Nay forgot to nail his cannons to make them unusable.