Period: 476 to 481
After the fall of the Western Roman EmpireAs the Western Roman Empire's authority and power over Western Europe disappeared, the Germanic tribes could create their new states (kingdoms), which fought against eachother every now and then for further land
Period: 481 to 511
Reign of ClovisIn 481 Clovis from the Merovingian dynasty was made king of the franks after he unified them, founded Paris and became a Roman Catholic king having the pope's support, but after his reign the state was divided among his successors and anarchy took place.
Battle of PoitiersCharles the Martell as major domo was able to stop the Arabian invasion at Poitiers, which also prohibited the spread of Islamic culture.
Birth of the Papal statesPepin the Short (son of Charles), member of the Carolingian dynasty became a king from a major domo, and helped the pope to fight back the Lombards, and gaved the conquered territories to him - strengthening the relationship between the pope and the Frank Empire and creating the Papal States.
Period: 768 to 814
Reign of CharlemagneCharlemagne wanted to restore the Roman Empire, and he succesfully fought with the Saxons, Avars and Lombards, he reorganized his empire administratively and brought the revival of learning and literacy.
Emperor of th FranksCharles the Great (Charlamagne) became emperor by the anointing of the pope in Aachen.
Treaty of VerdunAfter the death of Charlemagne Louis the Pious' weak reign lead to the Treaty of Verdun, where Charlemagne's three grandsons divided the empire into three parts.