National Assembly and Constituent AssemblyNational Assembly:The Third estate proposed to the king a new way of voting,and the king refused it,then The Third state declarated that as the true representative of the nation and created the National Assembly
Constituent Assembly:Later the king agreed to this idea and a Constituent Assembly was created to write a constitution.A triumph for the burgoise because the monarchy wasn't longer absolute
Facts of the National and the Constituent Assembly:The stroming of the BastilleTroops were being sent to Versailles provoked a revolt in Paris, which people attacked the Bastille.They attacked the Bastille not because the people want to get out people of the prisions,it was because they wanted to get ammunition and arms
Facts of the National and Constituent Assembly:The feudal privileges abolitionThe Constituent Assembly passed a range of reforms wich they hoped that it would satisfy the needs and demands of the peasantry and the abolished the feudal privileges,the tithes paid by the peasantry to the church,trying to make an equality in the payment of the taxes...
How did the peasants gain with the abolition of the feudal system?
The burden of the peasants for paying taxes was reduced.
Facts of the National and Constituent Assembly: The Civil Constitution of the ClergyIt subordinated the church of the French state,and it means that the clergy now be paid by the state,and it would be elected by the people.These mesures discontent the clergy and more people and they became counterrevolutionaries.
Louis XVI asked for help to Austria for support against the revolution,but Austria tried to scape of this propose but it ended in a fail
Facts of the National and the Constituent Assembly:ConstitutionThis Constitution established:
-Constitutional monarchy:The powers of the monarchy were limited by the constitution
-Limited male suffrage:Only man with definited power could vote
-Separation of powers:The monarch had executive power,the assembly a legislative power and the the courts had a judicial power
Legislative assemblyThere were elections for the new Legislative Assembly and then emerged two main political groups:
-Girondins:Represented the wealthy burgeoise.They supported the constitutional monarchy and limit sufferage and domiated the Legislative Assembly.
-Jacobins:Represented the petite burgeoise,had more radical views like wanted to abolish the monarchy,establish a republic and finally introduce the manhood suffrage
Facts of the Legislative Assembly:Attack in Tuileries PalaceWas a defining event of the French Revolution, when armed revolutionaries in Paris, increasingly in conflict with the French monarchy, stormed the Tuileries Palace. The conflict main was France to abolish the monarchy.
As a result of this, the king Louis XVI was imprisoned and the monarchy was abolished and it means that France became a republic because they haven't any king to governate them.
Republic(the convention)This was the most radical phase during the French Revolution.A new Assembly called Convention,was elected by manhood sufferage.
Its early acts were the abolition of the monarchy and the establishment of the republic.
Facts of the Republic and Conventionr:The dictatorship "The Terror"The mesures that imposed during the terror intended to contribute to the war that France was figthening against european enemies.
There were also aimed internal revolts directed by counterrevolutionaries:
-Popular revolutionary army
-There was widespread repression against the counterrevolutionaries
-The Constitution of the 1793 was established
-The law of maximum was adopted(a law to fix maximum prices for basic products)
Facts of the Republic and Convention:Executation of Louis XVIHe was sentenced of dead and then beheaded by a guillotine in public,in the Republic Square.With Louis XVI also beheaded more important people,for example,his wife Marie Antoninette After his death and all of this facts took the control of the government the Jacobins,and imposed a dictatorship know as "The Terror"
Directory and ConsulateThe moderate overthew deputies the jacobies and they adopted a new constitution with:
-Limite male suferagge
-New form of government:Directory
Dicrectory: it was a more conservative government made up of five members
Facts of the Directory and Consulate: Napoleon BonaparteHe organised a military coup and he aimed to restore the peace at home and in French.
He established a new form of government called Consulate,and it was made up of three consuls.
Consulate: It was the top-level Government of France from the fall of the Directory.
In 1802 Napoleon was named First Consul for Life,and this allowed him to make reforms to economical and political french problems.
Finally in 1804 Napoleon had the absolute power and the French Revolution had ended.