European discoveries in North America

  • 1534

    Jacques Cartier

    Jacques Cartier
    Frenchmen Jacques Cartier navigates the St. Lawrence River names an island along with the River Montreal.
  • 1554

    New York Harbor

    New York Harbor
    Verrazzano, sailing for France discovers New York Harbor.
  • Jamestown

    Jamestown is founded on the coast of Virginia by 100 English settlers.
  • Samual de Champlain

    Samual de Champlain
    French explorer, Samuel de Champlain, founded the colony of Quebec.
  • Henry Hudson

    Henry Hudson
    Henry Hudson, exploring for the Netherlands, claims land that will become New Netherland.
  • Pilgrims for English colony

    Pilgrims for English colony
    Pilgrims from England found an English Colony in Plymouth, Massachusetts.
  • The Duke of York

    The Duke of York
    The Duke of York drives out the Dutch in New Netherland. The Duke of York claims the colony for England and renamed it New York.
  • King Phillips War

    King Phillips War
    King Philip's War begins in colonial villages of Massachusetts, became Colonists and Native Americans.
  • Sieur de la Salle

    Sieur de la Salle
    Sieur de la Salle explores the lower Mississippi Valley river and claims the Valley for France and names it Louisiana in honor of the French King Louis XIV.
  • French and Indian War

    French and Indian War
    The war between the British and French, known as the French & Indian War. The war is fought over disputed land claims in the Ohio River Valley.
  • Smallpox

    An epidemic of smallpox, brought by Europeans, kills many Native Americans on the New England coast.