Enlightenment and Nationalist Revolutions

  • Baron de Montesqueiu publishes On The Spirit Of Laws

    This book changed how people looked at politics. His main idea was about liberation and the seperation of powers. He believed that a strong government should have multiple powers to check each other this later became known as checks and balances.
  • America Declares Independence

    Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence which seperated the United States of America from Britain.
  • The French Revolution

    This started with the Estates General. Many things occured to make this happen though. There was the Tennis Court Oath, the Storming of Bastille and the march on Versailles.
  • Napoleon overthrows the Directory through a coup d’etat

    Napoleon staged a coup d'etat to have himself elected as one of the consuls. He slowly took all of the power from the other consuls and became emperor.
  • Napoleon crowns himself emporer.

    Bonarparte had been taking all of the power from the consuls and he decided that he wanted to be emporer. He made a contract with the pope and had a coronation. The most shocking thing that Bonaparte had ever done happened at this event. To show his power he took the crown from the pope and put it on his own head instead of waiting for the pope to place it on his head.
  • Haiti wins freedom from France

    The nation that was formerly known as Saint-Domingue's independence started with Toussant L'ouverture. After the French took him away to the Alps his top lieutenant took over the fight of independence.
  • Padre Hidalgo calls for Mexican Independence

    This priest rang the bells in his church at an early time and assembled an army to march for independence. Unfortunately the got defeated by the Spanish army but he is thought of as the ringleader for independe in Mexico.
  • Napoleon is defeated at the Battle of Waterloo

    After being exiled to Elba and escaping Napoleon put together an army. Fortunately that army was weak and untrained. His army and the opposing countries met at Waterloo. The ground was soggy which technically ended his rule. He planned to ride his horse to the armies. He was waiting for the ground to get solid and the opposing armies came before he could stop them.