Former King of France Louis XVI was executed by guillotine. The National Convention had taken power a few months earlier.
Reign of Terror
Revolutionary Paris sections took over the Convention, calling for admistretive and political purges, starting 1-year and 2 months of what is know as the Reign of Terror.
Marie Antoinette executed
Former Queen of France Marie Antoinette was executed by guillotine.
France adopts the metric system
The Directory seized power over the Convention
Napoleon named as general of the army of Italy
War of the First Coalition
The Treaty Formio is signed between France and Austria following decisive Frech military victories. The treaty marks the collapse of the First Coalition, composed of European powers which tried to contain Revolutionary France
Beginning of the Quasi-War
The United States Congress rescinded treaties with French, a moment considered asthe semi official beginning of the Quai-War
Creation of the Bank of France
War of the Second Coalition
The Treaty of Lunéville was signed after the victory of the French Republic against the Second Coalition states (led by the Austrian and Russian Empires), marking the end of the war with only Britain left fighting France.
French Army General Charles Leclerc and the first 5,000 of 20,000 troops arrive at Cap-François (now Cap-Haïtien) to suppress Toussaint L'Ouverture and the rebellion of the black population in Haiti.
War of the Second Coalition
The Treaty of Amiens established a peace between France and the United Kingdom.
Dessalines declared the independence of Haiti.
Napoleon was declared Emperor by the Senate
marking the beginning of the First French Empire and the end of the French Consulate.
Napoleon crowned himself Emperor in Notre-Dame de Paris.
Napoleon had Pope Pius VII in attendance to indicate approval of the Church
War of the Third Coalition
The French Empire is victorious at the decisive Battle of Austerlitz which marks the end of the Third Coalition (Austria, Russia, United Kingdom, Sweden and others) against France and its client states.
War of the Fourth Coalition
The French Empire is victorious at the decisive Battle of Friedland which marks the end of the Fourth Coalition (mainly Prussia, Russia, Saxony, Sweden, and the United Kingdom) against France and its client states.
Beginning of the Peninsular War which will last until Napoleon's defeat against the Sixth Coalition in 1814.
Napoleon takes Moscow
Louis Braile is born
War of the Fifth Coalition
The French Empire is victorious at the decisive Battle of Wagram which marks the end of the Fifth Coalition (mainly the Austrian Empire and the United Kingdom) against France and its client states (to 6 July).
War of the Sixth coalition
The Fire of Moscow marks the beginning of French retreat after the French invasion of Russia. The First French Empire reached the height of its power and declined henceforth with the disastrous Battle of Berezina. The Sixth Coalition will go on to win the war and Napoleon will be exiled in 1814 to Elba.
The House of Bourbon was briefly restored with Louis XVIII as King of France in an intermediate period of the Napoleonic Wars.
The transfer of the coffins of King Louis XVI of France and his wife, Marie Antoinette, to the church St. Denis in Paris.
Napoleon greeted by the 5th Regime at Grenoble aftr his scape from Elba.
Battle of Waterloo
Napoleon is defeated by Seventh Coalition armies, definitively ending the First French Empire and the Napoleonic Wars, and marks the start of almost half a century of peace throughout Europe.
With Napoleon exiled in Saint Helena, the House of Bourbon was again restored. Louis XVIII became King of France
Death of Napoleon on the island of Saint Helena
Louis Pasteur is born in the town of Dole
French invasion of Spain
France started its invasion of Spain, eventually succeeding and restoring the monarchy, ending the Liberal Triennium.
July Revolution, les Trois Glorieusus, 3 days of Parisian revolution
the conservative House of Bourbon is overthrown and replaced by the more liberal Orleans Monarchy with Louis-Philippe becoming King of France.